Nutrition Factors in Breeding Place Media and Larva Density of Aedes Aegypti

Received: 28 Oct 2019; Published: 30 Oct 2019.
View
Open Access
Citation Format:
Abstract
Background: One of the stages of development to the growth of the Aedes aegypti is larvae stage. The larvae need nutrients to grow. A one of medium for breeding larvae is water in the container. Some of the important nutrients for growth are nitrate, phosphate, ammonia. This study aimed to analyze the relationship between nutrient levels in the water of the container density of Aedes aegypti larvae. Methods: Observational study with a cross-sectional with 119 houses as samples. Results:Test the relationship of nutritional factors with the density of Aedes aegypti larvae using the Pearson correlation test. The average distribution of nitrate was 0.787 mg / l, phosphate was 0.186 mg / l while ammonia was 0.603 mg / l and larval density was 66 tails. The study found that there was a correlation between the levels of nitrate, phosphate, ammonia and the density of Aedes aegypti larvae (p = 0.055 r = 0.022; p = 0.001, r = 0,929; p = 0.92, r = 0.975). Conclusion:The conclusions of this study were given the biggest contribution to the growth of Aedes aegypti larvae. A cooperative effort is needed to eliminate Aedes aegypti larvae.
Keywords: Nutrient (Nitrate, Fosfat, Ammonia), Water Breeding place, larva density Aedes aegypti

Article Metrics:

  1. Sembel DT. Entomologi Kedokteran. In: widiyatmiko J, editor. Yogyakarta: Andi Offset; 2009. p. 49–70.
  2. Wowor R. Pengaruh kesehatan lingkungan terhadap perubahan epidemiologi demam berdarah di Indonesia. J e-Clinic. 2017;5(2):105–13.
  3. I Wayan Supartha. Pengendalian Terpadu Vektor Virus Demam Berdarah Dengue, Aedes aegypti (Linn.) dan Aedes albopictus (Skuse)(Diptera: Culicidae). In: Seminar DiesUnud2008 [Internet]. 2008.
  4. Kementerian Kesehatan RI. Profil Kesehatan Indonesia 2017 [Internet]. Jakarta; 2018. p. 100.
  5. Dinas Kesehatan Kota Tanjungpinang. Data DBD Tanjung Pinang 2018. 2018.
  6. Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia. Standar Baku Mutu Kesehatan Lingkungan dan Persyaratan Kesehatan Untuk Vektor dan Binatang Pembawa Penyakit serta Pengendaliannya. 2008. p. 1–26.
  7. Hadi UK, Sigit SH, Agustina E. Habitat jentik Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae) pada Air Terpolusi di Laboratorium. Pros Semin Nas Hari Nyamuk 2009. 2009;(10 Agustus 2009):1–13.
  8. Sayono S. Pertumbuhan Larva Aedes Aegypti Pada Air tercemar. Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat 2011;1(January 2011):1–9.
  9. Garcia-Sánchez DC, Pinilla GA, Quintero J. Ecological characterization of Aedes aegypti larval habitats (Diptera: Culicidae) in artificial water containers in Girardot, Colombia. J Vector Ecol [Internet]. 2017;42(2):289–97. Available from: http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/jvec.12269
  10. Meilson H.E. Sallata, Erniwati Ibrahim MS. Hubungan Karakteristik Lingkungan Fisik dan Kimia dengan Keberadaan Larva Aedes aegypti di Wilayah Endemis DBD Kota Makassar. Bagian Kesehat Lingkung Fak Kesehat Masy Univ Hasanuddin [Internet]. 2013;1–10.
  11. Overgaard HJ, Olano VA, Jaramillo JF, Matiz MI, Sarmiento D, Stenström TA, et al. A cross-sectional survey of Aedes aegypti immature abundance in urban and rural household containers in central Colombia. Parasites and Vectors. 2017;10(1):1–12.
  12. Kaufman MG, Goodfriend W, Kohler-Garrigan A, Walker ED, Klug MJ. Soluble nutrient effects on microbial communities and mosquito production in Ochlerotatus triseriatus habitats. Aquat Microb Ecol. 2002;
  13. Meilida Suryanita R. Hubungan Kandungan Bahan Organik Dalam Air Perinduka Terhadap Pertumbuhan Larva Aedes SP Di Kelurahan Tembalang Kota Semarang. Vol. 1. Semarag; 2011. p. 1.
  14. Hidayah WN, Rahadian R, Hidayat JW. Respon Oviposisi Nyamuk Aedes aegypti L . Berdasarkan Jarak Penempatan Ovitrap Bermedia Air Rendaman Jerami Terhadap Ovitrap Bermedia Air Domestik. In: Prosiding Seminar Nasional Pengelolaan Sumberdaya lam dan Lingkungan. Semarang; 2015. p. 1–5.
  15. Yahya, Warni SE. Daya Tetas dan Perkembangan Larva Aedes aegypti Menjadi Nyamuk Dewasa pada Tiga Jenis Air Sumur Gali dan Air Selokan. J Vektor Penyakit. 2017;11(1):9–18.
  16. Agustina E. Pengaruh Media Air Terpolusi Tanah terhadap Perkembangbiakan Nyamuk Aedes aegypti. J Biot. 2013;1(2):103–7.
  17. Aulia, S, Refirman D R. Deskripsi Tempat Penampungan AIr Positif Larva Aedes aegypti di Kelurahan Cakung Timur. J Biol Indones. 2014;10(1):25–33.
  18. Hemme RR, Tank JL, Chadee DD, Severson DW. Environmental conditions in water storage drums and influences on Aedes aegypti in Trinidad, West Indies. Acta Trop. 2009;
  19. Dom NC, Madzlan MF, Nur S, Hasnan A, Misran N, Alam S, et al. Water quality characteristics of dengue vectors breeding containers. Int J Mosq Res. 2016;3(1):25–9.
  20. Indira Agustin , Udi Tarwotjo RR. Perilaku Bertelur Dan Siklus Hidup Aedes aegypti. J Biol. 2017;6(4):71–81.
  21. Sabila MF, Rahadian R, Hidayat JW. Preferensi Peletakan Telur dan Penghambatan Perkembangan Pradewasa Nyamuk Aedes aegypti L. di Berbagai Media Air. J Biol. 2013;2(4):45–53.
  22. Clifton ME, Noriega FG, Paz L, District MC. How micronutrients influence the physiology of mosquitoes. 2018;112–7.
  23. Murrell EG, Damal K, Lounibos LP, Juliano SA. Distributions of Competing Container Mosquitoes Depend on Detritus Types, Nutrient Ratios, and Food Availability. Ann Entomol Soc Am.2011;104(4):688–98.
  24. Suriawiria U. Mikrobiologi Air. 4th ed. Bandung: PT.Alumni; 2008. 8-60 p.
  25. Hefni Effendi. Telaah Kualitas Air bagi Pengelolaan Sumber Daya dan Lingkungan Perairan. Yogyakarta.: Kanisius; 2003.
  26. Delfita R. Ketahanan Hidup dan Fekunditas Larva Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae) Pada Habitat Suboptimal. Sainstek J Sains dan Teknologi. 2019;9(2):158.
  27. Supartha IW. Pengendalian Terpadu Vektor Virus Demam Berdarah Dengue , Aedes aegypti ( Linn .) dan Aedes albopictus ( Skuse )( Diptera : Culicidae ). 2008;(September):3–6.
  28. Satrawijaya AT. Pencemaran Lingkungan. 3rd ed. Jakarta; 2009. 99-121 p