skip to main content

Risk of Psychiatric Problems for People with Negative Psychosocial Impacts in Compared to Positive Attitude during Covid-19 Pandemic: A Systematic Review

Anatomy Department, Udayana University, Indonesia

Received: 7 Apr 2021; Published: 30 Aug 2021.
Open Access Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Public Health for Tropical and Coastal Region

Citation Format:

Introduction: COVID-19 pandemic has negative or positive psychosocial impacts on society. Fear, uncertainty, insomnia, depression, anxiety, and suicide are the negative psychosocial impacts. These psychosocial impacts may cause psychiatric problems. This paper aims to describe the risk of psychiatric problems for people with negative psychosocial impacts in comparison to positive attitudes during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Methods: This systematic literature review used these keywords: ‘fear’, ‘uncertainty’, ‘COVID-19’, ‘psychiatric problem’ , and ‘society’. The search engines used were PubMed and Science Direct. There were 302 papers from PubMed and 134 papers from Science Direct at the beginning. To ascertain the quality of the selection, the process was done twice. Narrative reviews were excluded. Finally, 19 manuscripts were selected for review. PRISMA guidelines were used in the reviewing procedures.

Results: From 18 cross-sectional studies and one randomized control trial, it was found that females and the elderly are prone to anxiety and depression. Other risk factors are low income, signs of infection, previous contact history with COVID-19 patients, too much information about COVID-19, and pseudoscientific beliefs. Positive protective factors are good self-talk skills, coping strategy mechanisms, compliance with the rules, and a high level of mental resilience.

Conclusion: Anxiety and depression prevention related to Covid-19 can be done through strengthening the positive protective factor and minimize the risk factors. COVID-19 pandemic should be seen as an opportunity to strengthen positive mental attitudes.

Fulltext View|Download
Keywords: COVID-19, Psychosocial impacts, society, psychiatric problems

Article Metrics:

  1. Li WW, Yu H, Miller DJ, Yang F, Rouen C. Novelty Seeking and Mental Health in Chinese University Students Before, During ,and After the COVID-19 Pandemic Lockdown : A Longitudinal Study. Front Psychiatry. 2020;11(December):1–15
  2. Genereux M, Schluter PJ, Hung KKC, Wong CS, Pui C, Mok Y, et al. One Virus , Four Continents , Eight Countries : An Interdisciplinary and International Study on the Psychosocial Impacts of the COVID-19 Pandemic among Adults. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020;17(8390):1–16
  3. Montag C, Elhai JD. Addictive Behaviors Reports Discussing digital technology overuse in children and adolescents during the COVID-19 pandemic and beyond : On the importance of considering Affective Neuroscience Theory. Addict Behav Reports [Internet]. 2020;12:100313. Available from:
  4. Rakovac A, Andric L, Karan V, Bogdan M, Slavic D, Klasnja A. Evaluation of spirometric parameters and maximum oxygen consumption in athletes and non-athletes. Med Pregl Rev. 2018;71(5–6):157–61
  5. Rias YA, Rosyad YS, Chipojola R, Wiratama BS. Effects of Spirituality, Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices toward Anxiety Regarding COVID-19 among the General Population in INDONESIA : A Cross-Sectional Study. J Clin Med. 2020;9(3798):1–16
  6. Schnell T, Krampe H. Meaning in Life and Self-Control Buffer Stress in Times of COVID-19 : Moderating and Mediating Effects With Regard to Mental Distress. Front Psychiatry. 2020;11(September):1–16
  7. Liang S, Chen R, Liu L, Li X, Chen J. The Psychological Impact of the COVID-19 Epidemic on Guangdong College Students : The Difference Between Seeking and Not Seeking Psychological Help. Front Psychol. 2020;11(September):1–10
  8. Duan H, Yan L, Ding X, Gan Y, Kohn N, Wu J. Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on mental health in the general Chinese population: Changes, predictors and psychosocial correlates. Psychiatry Res. 2020;293(2020):113396
  9. Achraf A, Mueller P, Trabelsi K, Chtourou H, Boukhris O, Masmoudi L, et al. PLOS ONE Psychological consequences of COVID-19 home confinement : The ECLB-COVID19 multicenter study. PLoS One. 2020; (November):1–13
  10. Huang J, Liu F, Teng Z, Chen J, Zhao J, Wang X, et al. Public Behavior Change , Perceptions , Depression , and Anxiety in Relation to the COVID-19 Outbreak. Open Forum Infect Dis. 2020;1–8
  11. Yan L, Gan Y, Ding X, Wu J, Duan H. The relationship between perceived stress and emotional distress during the COVID-19 outbreak: Effects of boredom proneness and coping style. J Anxiety Disord. 2021;77(2021):102328
  12. Mahmud S, Talukder MU, Rahman SM. Does ‘ Fear of COVID-19 ’ trigger future career anxiety ? An empirical investigation considering depression from COVID-19 as a mediator. Int J Soc Psychiatry. 2020;1–11
  13. Rogowska A, Kuśnierz C, Bokszczanin A. Examining Anxiety , Life Satisfaction , General Health , Stress and Coping Styles During COVID-19 Pandemic in Polish Sample of University Students. Psychol Res Behav Manag. 2020;13:797–811
  14. Duplaga M, Grysztar M. The Association between Future Anxiety , Health Literacy and the Perception of the COVID-19 Pandemic : A Cross-Sectional Study. Healthcare. 2021;9(43)
  15. Joseph R, Lucca JM, Alshayban D, Alshehry YA. The immediate psychological response of the general population in Saudi Arabia during COVID-19 pandemic: A cross-sectional study. J Infect Public Health. 2021;14:1–8
  16. Escolà-gascón Á, Marín F, Rusiñol J, Gallifa J. Pseudoscientific beliefs and psychopathological risks increase after COVID-19 social quarantine. Global Health. 2020;16(72):1–11
  17. Cassiani-miranda CA, Campo-arias, Tirado-otálvaro AF, Botero-tobón LA, Upegui-arango LD, Rodríguez-verdugo MS, et al. Stigmatisation associated with COVID-19 in the general Colombian population. Int J Soc Psychiatry. 2020;1–9
  18. Bakioglu F, Korkmaz O, Ercan H. Fear of COVID-19 and Positivity : Mediating Role of Intolerance of Uncertainty , Depression , Anxiety , and Stress. Int J Ment Health Addict. 2020;1–14
  19. Damirchi ES, Mojarrad A, Pireinaladin S, Grjibovski AM. The Role of Self-Talk in Predicting Death Anxiety , Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder , and Coping Strategies in the Face of Coronavirus Disease ( COVID-19 ). Iran J Psychiatry. 2020;15(3):182–8
  20. Wahlund T, Klara M, Lauri O. Brief Online Cognitive Behavioural Intervention for Dysfunctional Worry Related to the COVID-19 Pandemic : A Randomised Controlled Trial. Psychother Psychosom. 2020;1–9
  21. Song S, Yang X, Yang H, Zhou P, Ma H, Teng C. Psychological Resilience as a Protective Factor for Depression and Anxiety Among the Public During the Outbreak of COVID-19. Front Psychol. 2021;11:1–8
  22. Cansel N, Ucuz İ, Kadir A, Burcu A, Tetik K, Colak C, et al. Prevalence and predictors of psychological response during immediate COVID-19 pandemic. Int J Clin Pract. 2021; (January):1–14

Last update:

No citation recorded.

Last update:

No citation recorded.