Ketahanan kedelai varietas Detam 3 hasil iradiasi sinar gamma di tanah salin

Awang Ghosypea, Sutarno Sutarno, Sutarno Sutarno, Florentina Kusmiyati, Florentina Kusmiyati


DOI: https://doi.org/10.14710/joac.2.3.261-268

Abstract


Mutation is one of a breeding technique to modify plant’s genetic. The purpose of study was to evalauate effect of gamma irradiation on M1 soybean variety Detam 3 based on agronomic characteristic at saline soil (2 dS/m). Gamma iradiation applied were 160, 208, 256, 304, 352, 400, 448, 496, 544, 592, 640 Gy. Parameters observed were plant height, number of leaves, number of pods, weight of pods, number of seeds, and seed weight per plant. The results showed that 10 plants classified as moderate, 4 plants classified as tolerant, and 2 plants classified as most tolerant at saline soil (2 dS/m).

Keywords: Detam 3, gamma, irradiation, saline soil, soybean.

 


Full Text:

PDF

References


Adie, M. M., Suharsono dan Sudaryono. 2009. Prospek kedelai hitam varietas Detam 1 dan Detam 2. Buletin Palawija. 18: 66 - 72.

Arwin. 2015. Pengaruh radiasi sinar gamma terhadap keragaman populasi M3 galur-galur mutan kedelai umur genjah. Prosiding Seminar Hasil Penelitian Aneka Kacang dan Umbi. BATAN, Jakarta. Hal. 26-32.

Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Pertanian. 2008. Ketersediaan teknologi dalam mendukung peningkatan produksi kedelai menuju swasembada. Siaran. 1 - 4.

Giono B.R.W., M. Farid, A. Nur, M.S. Solle, dan I. Idrus. 2014. Ketahanan genotipe kedelai terhadap kekeringan dan kemasaman hasil induksi mutasi dengan sinar gamma. J. Agrotekno 4(1): 44-52.

Hartini, S. 2008. Induksi Mutasi Dengan Irradiasi Sinar Gamma pada Kedelai (Glycine max (L.) Merrill) Kultivar Slamet dan Lumut. IPB, Bogor.

Harsanti, L. dan Yulidar. 2015. Pengaruh irradiasi sinar gamma terhadap pertumbuhan awal tanaman kedelai Glycine max (L.) Merill) varietas Denna 1. Prosiding Pertemuan dan Presentasi Ilmiahh - Penelitian Dasar Ilmu Pengeahuan dan Teknologi Nuklir BATAN. Yogyakarta, 9 – 10 Juni 2015.

Kusmiyati, F., Sutarno, M. G. A. Sas., dan B. Herwibawa. 2017. Mutagenic effects of gamma rays on the germination in soybean (Glycine max L. cv. Dering 1). Prosiding Internasional Symposium on Food and Agro-Biodiversity (ISFA). Semarang, 26-27 September 2017

Phang, T.H., Shao, G. and Lam, H.M. 2008. Salt tolerance in soybean. J ofIntegrative Plant Biology, 50(10) : 1196-1212.

Purba, K.R., E.S. Bayu, dan I. Nuriadi. 2013. Induksi mutasi radiasi sinar gamma pada beberapa varietas kedelai hitam (Glycine max (L.) Merrill). J. Online Agroekoteknologi. 1 (2): 154 – 164.

Sibarani, I. B., R. R. Lahay, dan D. S. Hanafiah. 2015. Respon morfologi tanaman kedelai (Glycine max (L) Merrill) varietas anjasmoro terhadap beberapa iradiasi sinar gamma. J. online Agroekoteknologi. 3 (2): 515-526.

Simbolon, R., E. H. Kardhinata, dan Y. Husni. 2013. Evaluasi toleransi tanaman kedelai (Glycine max L.) Merrill) generasi M3 hasil radiasi sinar gamma terhadap salinitas. J. Online Agroekoteknologi. 1 (3): 590-603.

Soepandi, D. 1990. Studies On Plant Responses To Salt Stress. Okayama University, Japan. (Disertasi).

Wang L, Sun X, Li S, Zhang T, Zhang W, et al. 2014. Application of Organic Amendments to a Coastal Saline Soil in North China: Effects on Soil Physicaland Chemical Properties and Tree Growth. J PLoS ONE 9(2): 1371-8918.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


View JOAC Stats

 

ISSN 2597-4386 (media online)

JOAC is published by Department of Agriculture, Faculty of Animal and Agricultural Sciences, Diponegoro University, Indonesia

 

Creative Commons License
JOAC is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.