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Marine Object Protection toward the Development and Management of Zoning Coastal Areas: A Case Study in Balikpapan as the Candidate of New Capital City

*Nurul Huda Anggraeni orcid  -  Department of Maritime Security, Faculty of National Security, Indonesia Defence University, Indonesia
Eko Budi Haryono  -  Department of Maritime Security, Faculty of National Security, Indonesia Defence University, Indonesia

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Abstract

The maritime security term covers issues related to national security, economic development, human security, and marine environment. Areas that are monitored and protected include oceans and territorial waters, regional seas, rivers and ports. Maritime security strategies aim to track down and respond to all crimes to happen at sea. Marine national vital objects have a very strategic role in national development. It can help to improve resilience and the capacity of stakeholders in their areas to cope with surprises. This may be accomplished by being proactive in the development of prevention, preparedness, response and recovery strategies to deal with known, uncertain and unknown hazards. The security of vital national objects is a priority to anticipate potential threats, especially in Balikpapan, East Borneo areas. The research method used was descriptive qualitative with a phenomenological approach and SWOT analysis. The results show that the variables found inhibiting factors related to the human resources and facilities/infrastructure. As a theoretical criticism in this study, the existence of policy in determining infrastructure vital object which became the operasional basis for securing vital objects, especially in the new capital city. It  is due to the strong interests of stakeholders related to defense, economics, and environtment. So, in conclusion this study promotes the implementation of policy in securing vital objects in order to move the capital to the East Borneo area.

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Keywords: Marine Objects; Protection; Management; Coastal Zones; Maritime Security
Funding: Rabith Jihan Amaruli

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Language : EN
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