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Kandungan Pigmen, Total Fenolik Dan Aktivitas Antioksidan Sargassum sp.

Departemen Ilmu Kelautan, Fakultas Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan, Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia

Received: 1 Oct 2018; Published: 7 Dec 2018.
Open Access Copyright (c) 2018 Jurnal Kelautan Tropis under http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0.

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Abstract

Pigmen content, total phenolic compound and antioxidant activity Sargassum sp. 

 

Sargassum sp. contains secondary metabolites which potentially act as natural source of antioxidant. The purpose of this study was to determine bioactive contents (pigments, total phenolic compounds), and antioxidant activities of Sargassum sp. The method of this research is descriptive-explorative.  Sample was extracted with methanol, while pigments extraction with aseton 80%.  Chlorophyll a, b and carotenoids were carried out with spectrophotometer method. The total phenolic compounds were analyzed by spectrophotometer method using Follin-Ciocalteu reagent, and antioxidant activities were measured using DPPH (1,1-diphenyl-2- picrylhidrazyl) method. The result of this research showed that methanol extract of Sargassum sp. had the presence of chlorophyll a 2.84 mg/g, chlorophyll b 1.15 mg/g, and carotenoids 2.63 μmol/g sample. The total phenolic compounds of methanol extract were 57.97 mg GAE/g sample. Methanol extract of Sargassum sp. was showing a strong antioxidant activity that could be seen in IC50 value (69,27 ppm) in less than 100 ppm concentration.

 

Sargassum sp. mengandung beberapa metabolit sekunder yang berpotensi sebagai sumber antioksidan alami. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah mengkaji komponen bioaktif (pigmen, total fenolik) dan aktivitas antioksidan dari rumput laut Sargassum sp. Metoda penelitian ini adalah diskriptif eksploratif.  Sampel Sargassum sp. basah diekstraksi dengan cara maserasi dengan pelarut  metanol, sedangkan ekstraksi pigmen menggunakan aseton 80%. Penentuan kadar pigmen (klorofil a, b, karotenoid ), total fenolik dan aktivitas antioksidan berdasarkan metode spektrofotometri. Total fenolik diukur berdasarkan uji Follin-Ciocalteu, dan   aktivitas antioksidan  berdasarkan uji DPPH (1,1-diphenyl-2- picrylhidrazyl). Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa ekstrak metanol Sargassum sp.  mengandung pigmen klorofil a sebesar 2,84 mg/g, klorofil b sebesar 1,15 mg/g, dan karotenoid sebesar 2,63 μmol/g. Kadar total fenolik ekstrak metanol adalah 57,97 mgGAE/g, sementara aktivitas antioksidannya  (IC50) sebesar 69,27 ppm.  Berdasarkan nilai IC50nya, ekstrak metanol Sargassum sp berpotensi sebagai antioksidan kuat (kurang dari 100 ppm).

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Keywords: Sargassum sp.; methanol extract; total phenolic; antioxidant; ekstrak metanol; total fenolik; antioksidan; IC50

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