Faktor Lingkungan dan Perilaku yang Berpengaruh terhadap Kejadian Filariasis di Daerah Endemis Kota Pekalongan

*Yusuf Lensa Hamdan -  Dinas Kesehatan Kota Bontang, Indonesia
Suharyo Hadisaputro -  Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Ari Suwondo -  Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Muchlis AU Sofro -  Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Mateus Sakundarno Adi -  Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Published: 2 Mar 2019.
Open Access
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Citation Format:
Article Info
Section: Articles
Language: ID-ID
Full Text:
Statistics: 292 342
Abstract

Background: Filariasis is a disease still become a health problem in Indonesia. South Pekalongan District is one of the endemic areas of filariasis. Filariasis is influenced by several factors such as environmental factors, socio economic and community behavior. The objective of this study was to determine the influence of environmental factors, socio economic factor and behavior that contributed to the incidence of filariasis cases in South Pekalongan District.

Methods: This research was an observational research with a case-control approach. Case in this study was filariasis cases and for control was people suffer from filariasis. The number of each case and control is 40. Data was taken by observation and interview. Data collected was analyzed by using logistics regression.

Results: Multivariate analysis shows that out of 11 (eleven) variables there is 1 variable which is proven to influence the incidence of filariasis in South Pekalongan District in July 2018, it was use of anti-mosquito drugs (OR = 29,231, CI 95% = 5,998 – 142,445).

Conclusion: Not using mosquito repellent is the most dominant risk factor for the occurrence of filariasis transmission. People are advised to use mosquito repellent while sleeping or during activities at night. It is necessary to perform health promotion and extend the information related to filariasis in order to improve community knowledge.

Keywords
Filariasis, Environmental, Behavioral, South Pekalongan

Article Metrics:

  1. Manson’s. 2009. Tropical Diseases. Editor : Gordon c. Cook & Alimuddin I. Zumla, Saunders Elsevier, Twenty-2nd ed., China.pp.1477.
  2. Pusat Data dan Surveilans Epidemiologi Kementerian Kesehatan RI. 2014. Filariasis di Indonesia.
  3. Dinas Kesehatan Kota Pekalongan, 2016. Profil Dinkes Kota Pekalongan.
  4. Gordis L, 2000. Case Control and Cross Sectional Studies in Epidemiologi, 2nd ed. Philadelpia, W.B. Saunders Company.pp.140-156.
  5. Lameshow S, Hosmers J, Klar J, Lwanga S.K. 1997. Besar Sampel dalam Penelitian Kesehatan, diterje-mahkan oleh Pramono, Gadjah Mada University Press, Yogyakarta.
  6. BPS Kota Pekalongan. 2017. Profil Kota Pekalongan.
  7. Garjito, T. 2013. Filariasis dan Beberapa Faktor yang Berhubungan dengan Penularannya di Desa Pangku–Tolole, Kecamatan Ampibabo, Kabupaten Parigi – Moutong, Provinsi Sulawesi Tengah. Jurnal Vektora Volume V No.2.pp.23-30.
  8. Syuhada, Y. 2012. Studi Kondisi Lingkungan Rumah dan Perilaku Masyarakat sebagai Faktor Risiko Kejadian Filariasis di Kecamatan Buaran dan Tirto Kabupaten Peka-longan. Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan Indonesia. Volume 11 No. 1.pp. 34-40.
  9. Yatim, F. 2007. Macam-macam Pe-nyakit menular dan Cara Pence-gahannya Jilid 2. Jakarta. Pustaka Obor Populer.