Dynamics of Pepper Trade in West Coast of Aceh, 1873-1921

*Nurul Romdloni  -  Master Program of History, Faculty of Humanities, Diponegoro University, Indonesia
Singgih Sulistiyono orcid scopus  -  Master Program of History, Faculty of Humanities, Diponegoro University, Indonesia
Yety Rochwulaningsih scopus  -  Master Program of History, Faculty of Humanities, Diponegoro University, Indonesia
Received: 22 Nov 2019; Revised: 7 Dec 2019; Accepted: 7 Dec 2019; Published: 7 Dec 2019; Available online: 7 Dec 2019.
Open Access
Citation Format:
Article Info
Section: Articles
Language: IDN
Statistics: 95 89
Abstract

The West Coast of Aceh has been one of the largest pepper producing centers in Southeast Asia since the end of the 18th century. The war that began in the Netherlands in 1873 resulted in trade in the West Coast of Aceh being hampered. The beach blockade carried out by the Dutch made the distribution of pepper disrupted. The scorched earth tactics resulted in the decline of pepper production. The condition of pepper trade on the West Coast of Aceh, which had already deteriorated, was no longer able to rise, even after the Aceh War was over. The poor condition of pepper trade on the West Coast of Aceh was compounded by the increasing demand for other commodities such as copra, kapok, and patchouli oil. Private capital that began to be opened after the war flowed more to the development of various new commodities. The research found that the export of pepper commodities from the West Coast of Aceh was far behind the East Coast of Aceh.

Keywords: Pepper Trade; Economic History; West Coast of Aceh

Article Metrics:

  1. Alfian, I. (1987). Perang di Jalan Allah. Jakarta: Pustaka Sinar Harapan.
  2. Dadek, T. H. (2013). Meulaboh dalam Lintas Sejarah Aceh. In A. Ramdan (Ed). Meulaboh: Bappeda Aceh Barat.
  3. Economisch Statistische Berichten (1922, April 5) No. 327.
  4. Gonggrijp, J.R.C. (1944). Overzicht van de economische ontwikkeling van Atjeh sedert de pacificatie, (Tijdperk 1923-1938). Den Haag: W.P. van Stockum & zoon.
  5. Harsrinuksmo, B. (2004). Ensiklopedi Nasional Indonesia 1. Jakarta: PT. Delta Pamungkas.
  6. Ismail, M. G. (1991). Seuneubok Lada, Uleebalang, dan Kumpeni perkembangan sosial ekonomi di daerah batas Aceh Timur, 1840-1942 (Doctoral Dissertation Leiden University)
  7. Kreemer, J. (1922). Atjeh I & II. Leiden: N.V. Boekhandel en Drukkerij.
  8. Krujt, J. A. (1895). De Atjeh Oorlog.
  9. Langhout, J. (1923). Economische staatkunde in Atjeh. Den Haag: W.P. van Stockum & zoon.
  10. Long, D. F. (1973). Martial thunder: The first official American armed intervention in Asia. Pacific Historical Review, 42 (2): 143–62.
  11. Mededeelingen Betreffende de Atjehsche Onderhoorigheden. (1904). Bijdragen Tot de Taal, Land- en Volkenkunde van Nederlandsch-Indië, 56 (3/4): 587–602. www.jstor.org/stable/20769413.
  12. Mededeelingen Betreffende de Atjehsche Onderhoorigheden. (1908). Bijdragen tot de Taal, Land- en Volkenkunde van Nederlandsch-Indië. 61 (3/4): 589-667. http://www.jstor.org/stable/20769551.
  13. Ministerie van Marine Afdeeling Hydrographie. (1899). Zeemangids Voor Den Oost Indischen Archipel. s-Gravenhage: Mouton&Co.
  14. Reid, A. (2005). Asal Mula Konflik Aceh. Jakarta: Yayasan Obor Indonesia.
  15. Tagliacozzo, E. (2005). Secret Trades, Porous Borders, Smuggling and States Along Southeast Asian Frontier, 1865-1915. New Haven & London: Yale University Press.
  16. Tirta, T. (2017). Jejak globalisasi lada perdagangan lada Aceh ke Massachusetts 1797 – 1846. Jurnal Abad Vol. 4 (2): 81-90. https://jurnalabad.kemdikbud.go.id/ index.php/abad/article/view/7.
  17. Van Langen, K. F. H. (1888). Atjeh’s westkust met daarbij behoorende kaart. Leiden: E.J. Brill.