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Efek Proteksi Ekstrak Cymbopogon nardus pada Histologi Testis Mencit (Mus musculus) Setelah Induksi Timbal Asetat

Lilis Maghfuroh orcid  -  Program Studi S1 Keperawatan, Fakultas Ilmu Kesehatan, Universitas Muhammadiyah, Lamongan, Jl. Plalangan, Plosowahyu, Lamongan 62218, Indonesia, Indonesia
*Putri Ayu Ika Setyowati orcid  -  Program Studi S1 Biologi, Fakultas Sains Teknologi dan Pendidikan, Universitas Muhammadiyah Lamongan, Jl. Plalangan, Plosowahyu, Lamongan 62218, Indonesia, Indonesia
Rofiatun Solekha orcid  -  Program Studi S1 Biologi, Fakultas Sains Teknologi dan Pendidikan, Universitas Muhammadiyah Lamongan, Jl. Plalangan, Plosowahyu, Lamongan 62218, Indonesia, Indonesia
Khoirin Nisa  -  Program Studi S1 Keperawatan, Fakultas Ilmu Kesehatan, Universitas Muhammadiyah, Lamongan, Jl. Plalangan, Plosowahyu, Lamongan 62218, Indonesia, Indonesia
Nynda Ayu Nadira Savitri  -  Program Studi S1 Keperawatan, Fakultas Ilmu Kesehatan, Universitas Muhammadiyah, Lamongan, Jl. Plalangan, Plosowahyu, Lamongan 62218, Indonesia, Indonesia
Open Access Copyright 2022 Buletin Anatomi dan Fisiologi (Bulletin Anatomy and Physiology)

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Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui efek perlindungan ekstrak serai wangi Cymbopogon nardus (C. nardus) terhadap induksi timbal asetat. Sebanyak 25 mencit jantan strain BALB/C secara acak dibagi menjadi lima kelompok. Kelompok kontrol negatif hanya mendapat injeksi sub cutan Na-CMC 0,5% selama 30 hari ; kontrol positif  diinjeksi sub cutan timbal asetat sebanyak 7 mg/kg bb selama 5 hari; P1, P2, dan P3 secara berturut-turut diinjeksi sub cutan timbal asetat 7 mg/kg bb selama 5 hari kemudian dilanjutkan dengan injeksi ekstrak C. nardus sebanyak 25, 50, dan 100 mg/kg bb selama 25 hari. Pada akhir penelitian semua mencit dikorbankan dan dilakukan koleksi testis. Jaringan testis diproses menggunakan pewarnaan Hematoxylin-Eosin. Hasil menunjukkan bahwa terjadi peningkatan sel spermatogonia, sel spermatosit, dan sel spermatid serta diameter tubulus seminiferus dibandingkan dengan kelompok positif. Dosis optimal yang paling mampu memperbaiki kerusakan jaringan testis yaitu 25 mg/kg bb.

 

This study aimed to determine the protective effect of Cymbopogon nardus (C. nardus) extract against lead acetate exposure. A total of 25 male mice BALB/C were randomly divided into five groups. The negative control group only received 0.5% Na-CMC subcutaneously for 30 days; positive control was given 7 mg/kg bw of lead acetate subcutaneously for 5 days; P1, P2, and P3 were sequentially injected with 7 mg/kg bw subcutaneously for 5 days followed by injection of 25, 50, and 100 mg/kg bw of C. nardus extract for 25 days. At the end of the study all mice were sacrificed and testes were collected. Testicular tissue using Hematoxylin-Eosin staining. The results showed that there was an increase in spermatogonia cells, spermatocytes, and spermatid cells as well as the diameter of the seminiferous tubules compared to the positive group. The optimal dose most capable of repairing testicular tissue damage was 25 mg/kg bw.

 


 

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Keywords: Cymbopogon nardus; timbal asetat; testis; reactive oxygen species; sel spermatogenik
Funding: Kementrian Pendidikan, Kebudayaan, Riset dan Teknologi melalui Hibah Riset Keilmuan under contract 4025/E4/AK.04/2021

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