skip to main content

Pengaruh Internet Terhadap Intensi Migrasi Internasional Kaum Muda di Perdesaan (Studi Kasus di Desa Tambakasri)

*Gunawan Prayitno orcid scopus  -  Universitas Brawijaya, Indonesia
Zendy Nugraha Nursaputra  -  Universitas Brawijaya, Indonesia
Aris Subagiyo  -  Universitas Brawijaya, Indonesia
Mayang Wigayatri  -  Universitas Brawijaya, Indonesia

Citation Format:
Abstract
Tambaksari Village is one of the villages located in Sumbermanjing Wetan District, the main activity of which is agriculture. However, data from Malang Regency in Figures for 2019 shows that 316 residents were recorded leaving the Sumbermanjing District to work as migrant workers. Migration of people outside the village can result in reduced resources for village development and agricultural land managers, most of whom are in rural areas. The aim of this study is to determine the impact of the Internet on young people 's intention to migrate abroad in terms of use. Based on the survey results, the entire Tambakasri Village area has been served by a mobile Internet network, as well as WiFi hotspots in several locations (Tambakasri Village Office and several coffee shops). Descriptive statistics and SEM-PLS were the data analysis method used. Based on the results of the analysis, it is known that the variable with the greatest total effect in the measurement of the INTENSE variable is the KONTEN variable + 0.001 (INFRAS and USE are negative). This means that the variable CONTEN is the variable that has the most dominant influence on the INTENSI variable in international migration, but can not be separated from INFRAS and USE. Based on the results of the test hypotheses, it is known that the Internet Influence variable consisting of indicators A, B and C has a significant effect on the International Youth Migration Intents variable in rural areas with an effect value based on the R-Squared value of 0.47 or 47 percent.
Fulltext View|Download
Keywords: internet; international migration intentions; young people

Article Metrics:

Article Info
Section: Articles
Language : ID
  1. Abdillah, W., & Hartono, J. (2015). Partial Least Square (PLS): alternatif structural equation modeling (SEM) dalam penelitian bisnis. Penerbit Andi
  2. Akman, I., & Mishra, A. (2010). Gender, age and income differences in internet usage among employees in organizations. Computers in Human Behavior, 26(3), 482–490. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2009.12.007
  3. APJII. (2017). Hasil Survei Penetrasi dan Perilaku Pengguna Internet Indonesia 2017
  4. Axhausen, K. W. (2008). Social Networks, Mobility Biographies, and Travel: Survey Challenges. Environment and Planning B: Urban Analytics and City Science, 35(6), 981–996. https://doi.org/doi.org/10.1068/b3316t
  5. BPS. (2013). Sensus Pertanian 2013
  6. BPS. (2019). Kabupaten Malang Dalam Angka 2019
  7. Büchi, M., Just, N., & Latzer, M. (2015). Modeling the second-level digital divide: A five-country study of social differences in Internet use. New Media & Society, 18(11), 2703–2722. https://doi.org/10.1177/1461444815604154
  8. Carney, D. (1998). Sustainable Livelihoods Approaches:Progress and Possibilities for Change (O. Sattaur (ed.)). Finesse Print, Canada
  9. Castells, M. (2007). Communication, Power and Counter-power in the Network Society. International Journal of Communication 1, 1, 238–266
  10. Cheshire, L., Meurk, C., & Woods, M. (2013). Decoupling farm, farming and place: Recombinant attachments of globally engaged family farmers. Journal of Rural Studies, 30, 64–74. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jrurstud.2012.11.005
  11. Cooke, T. J., & Shuttleworth, I. (2017). Migration and the Internet. Migration Letters, 14(3), 331–342. https://ideas.repec.org/a/mig/journl/v14y2017i3p331-342.html
  12. de Jong, G. F., & Blair, M. C. L. (1994). Occupational Status of Rural Outmigrants and Return Migrants. Rural Sociology, 59(4), 693–707. https://doi.org/doi.org/10.1111/j.1549-0831.1994.tb00555.x
  13. Dekker, R., & Engbersen, G. (2014). How social media transform migrant networks and facilitate migration. In Theorizing the Evolution of European Migration Systems’ (THEMIS). https://doi.org/10.1111/glob.12040
  14. Desa Tambaksari. (2019). Profil Desa Tambahsari, 2019
  15. Espenshade, T. J. (1986). Population Dynamics with Immigration and Low Fertility. Population and Development Review, 12, 248–261. https://doi.org/10.2307/2807908
  16. Fang, X., & Yen, D. C. (2006). Demographics and behavior of Internet users in China. Technology in Society, 28(3), 363–387. https://doi.org/doi.org/10.1016/j.techsoc.2006.06.005
  17. Gigler, B. S. (2015). Develop as freedom in a digital age: Experiences of the rural poor in Bolivia. World Bank. https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/21631
  18. Hair, J. F., Ringle, C. M., & Sarstedt, M. (2013). Partial Least Squares Structural Equation Modeling: Rigorous Applications, Better Results and Higher Acceptance. Long Range Planning, 46(1–2), 1–12. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lrp.2013.01.001
  19. Hidayati, I. (2019). Proses Migrasi dan Peran Teknologi Komunikasi di antara Pekerja Migran di Batam - Indonesia. 7(2), 189–200
  20. Hills, P., & Agyle, M. (2003). Uses of the Internet and their relationships with individual differences in personality. Computers in Human Behavior, 19(1), 59–70. https://doi.org/doi.org/10.1016/S0747-5632(02)00016-X
  21. Jamaluddin, H., Ahmad, Z., Alias, M., & Simun, M. (2015). Personal Internet Use: The Use of Personal Mobile Devices at the Workplace. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 172, 495–502. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2015.01.391
  22. Jones, C. A., Kandel, W., & Parker, T. (2007). Population dynamics are changing the profile of rural areas. Journal of Rural Mental Health, 31(3), 46–53. https://doi.org/10.1037/h0095944
  23. Kock, N. (2015). One-tailed or two-tailed P values in PLS-SEM? International Journal of E-Collaboration, 11(2), 1–7. https://doi.org/10.4018/ijec.2015040101
  24. Laegran, A. S. (2002). The Petrol Station and the Internet Cafe: Rural Technospaces for Youth. Journal of Rural Studies, 18(2), 157–168. https://doi.org/doi.org/10.1016/S0743-0167(01)00036-5
  25. Malang Regency Statistic Board. (2019). Kecamatan Sumbermanjing Dalam Angka 2019
  26. Milasi, S. (2020). What Drives Youth’s Intention to Migrate Abroad? Evidence from International Survey Data. IZA Journal of Development and Migration, 11(1). https://doi.org/10.2478/izajodm-2020-0012
  27. Moon, J., Park, J., Jung, G. H., & Choe, Y. C. (2010). The impact of IT use on migration intentions in rural communities. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 77(8), 1401–1411. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.techfore.2010.04.018
  28. Mukbar, D. (2009). Perdesaan, migrasi dan perubahan penghidupan: sebuah kajian literatur. 1–16
  29. Murphy, M. (2016). The effect of long-term migration dynamics on population structure in England & Wales and Scotland. Population Studies, 70(2), 149–162. https://doi.org/10.1080/00324728.2016.1185140
  30. Muta’ali, L., Kinasih, Kartika, S. S., & Sumini. (2013). Daya dukung lingkungan untuk perencanaan pengembangan wilayah. Badan Penerbit Fakultas Geografi (BPFG), Universitas Gadjah Mada
  31. Palfrey, J., Gasser, U., Simun, M., & Barnes, R. F. (2009). Youth, Creativity, and Copyright in the Digital Age. International Journal of Learning and Media, 1(2), 79–97. https://doi.org/10.1162/ijlm.2009.0022
  32. Prayitno, G., & Subagiyo, A. (2018). Membangun Desa. UB Press
  33. Prensky, M. (2001). Digital Natives, Digital Immigrants
  34. Preston, S. H., Himes, C., & Eggers, M. (1989). Demographic Conditions Responsible for Population Aging. Demography, 26(4), 691–704. https://doi.org/10.2307/2061266
  35. Pribadi, D. O., Putra, A. S., & Rustiadi, E. (2015). Determining optimal location of new growth centers based on LGP–IRIO model to reduce regional disparity in Indonesia. The Annals of Regional Science, 54(1), 89–115. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00168-014-0647-8
  36. Rustiadi, E., Saefulhakim, S., & Panuju, D. R. (2011). Perencanaan dan Pengembangan Wilayah (Regional Planning and Development). Crestpent Press dan Yayasan Obor Indonesia
  37. Sholihin, M., & Ratmono. (2013). Analisis SEM-PLS dengan Wrap PLS 3.0 untuk Hubungan Nonlinier dalam Penelitian Sosial dan Bisnis. Penerbit Andi Offset
  38. Theodori, A. E., & Theodori, G. L. (2015). The influences of community attachment, sense of community, and educational aspirations upon the migration intentions of rural youth in Texas. Community Development, 46(4), 380–391. https://doi.org/10.1080/15575330.2015.1062035
  39. Thissen, F., Fortuijn, J. D., Strijker, D., & Haartsen, T. (2010a). Migration intentions of rural youth in the Westhoek, Flanders, Belgium and the Veenkoloniën, The Netherlands. Journal of Rural Studies. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jrurstud.2010.05.001
  40. Thissen, F., Fortuijn, J. D., Strijker, D., & Haartsen, T. (2010b). Migration intentions of rural youth in the Westhoek, Flanders, Belgium and the Veenkoloniën, The Netherlands. Journal of Rural Studies, 26(4), 428–436. https://doi.org/doi.org/10.1016/j.jrurstud.2010.05.001
  41. Tsetsi, E., & Rains, S. A. (2017). Smartphone Internet access and use: Extending the digital divide and usage gap. Mobile Media & Communication, 5(3), 239–255. https://doi.org/10.1177/2050157917708329
  42. Tsitsika, A., Critselis, E., Kormas, G., Filippopoulou, A., Tounissidou, D., Freskou, A., Spiliopoulou, T., Louizou, A., Konstantoulaki, E., & Kafetzis, D. (2009). Internet use and misuse: a multivariate regression analysis of the predictive factors of internet use among Greek adolescents. European Journal of Pediatrics, 168(6), 655–665. https://doi.org/doi.org/10.1007/s00431-008-0811-1
  43. UN-DESA. (2005). World Population Ageing 1950-2050
  44. Vidyattama, Y. (2014). Inter‐provincial migration and 1975–2005 regional growth in Indonesia. Regional Sciences, 95(1), S87–S105. https://doi.org/doi.org/10.1111/pirs.12120
  45. Vilhelmson, B., & Thulin, E. (2013). Does the Internet encourage people to move? Investigating Swedish young adults’ internal migration experiences and plans. Geoforum, 47(April), 209–216. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geoforum.2013.01.012
  46. White, A., Dito, B. B., Veale, A., & Mazzucato, V. (2019). Transnational migration, health and well-being: Nigerian parents in Ireland and the Netherlands. Comparative Migration Studies, 7(1), 44. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40878-019-0147-1
  47. Winkler, H. (2017). How does the internet affect migration decisions? Applied Economics Letters, 24(16), 1194–1198. https://doi.org/10.1080/13504851.2016.1265069
  48. Zid, M., Wahyuni, E. S., Kolopaking, L. M., & Soetarto, E. (2012). Migrasi Internasional Perempuan dan Penguasaan Lahan Pedesaan di Jawa Barat Antara Resiko dan Penggunaan Remitan. Jurnal Ilmiah Mimbar

Last update:

No citation recorded.

Last update:

No citation recorded.