ANALISIS PERSEPSI NELAYAN DALAM PENGELOLAAN SUMBERDAYA PERIKANAN BERKELANJUTAN DI TAMAN NASIONAL KARIMUNJAWA1

*M Mussadun -  Jurusan Perencanaan Wilayah dan Kota, Universitas Diponegoro Laboratorium Pengembangan Kota, Jurusan Perencanaan Wilayah dan Kota, Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Diponegoro, Semarang
Achmad Fahrudin -  Program Studi Pengelolaan Sumberdaya Pesisir dan Lautan, Sekolah Pasca Sarjana IPB
Tridoyo Kusumastanto - 
M. Mukhlis Kamal - 
Received: 19 Jan 2016; Published: 19 Jan 2016.
Open Access
Abstract
The sustainable fisheries resources management  at the Karimunjawa National Park (KNP) is a very complicated effort. One of the serious issues is that the national park was declared by government when it has been inhabited by fisherfolk community. It is therefore very important to find out fisherfolk perception on sustainable fisheries resources management within the KNP.  In the present study, a model of fisherfolk perception on sustainable fisheries resources management at the KNP, which included: fisheries resources management, national park management, community participation, law enforcement, monitoring efforts, and technical- and policy- implementations. Analysis method used Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) with program analysis Lisrel 8.52. Total respondents surveyed were 189 fishermen.Results of model analysis SEM showed that fisherfolk perception on sustainable fisheries resources management at KNP expect: (1) surveillance efforts, (2) commitment on law enforcement, and (3) involvement of fisherfolk participation. Expected policies were (1) decentralization, (2) integrated approach, (3) balance proportion between welfare and conservation, (4) fair distribution of fish catch, and (5) regulation of market mechanism.

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Keywords
SEM; perception; management; fisherfolk; national park; sustainable

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