skip to main content

Contingency Plan: Comparison of Health Policies in Managing COVID-19 in Singapore and Indonesia

*Khalish Arsy Al Khairy Siregar  -  Pharmacy Faculty University Muhammadiyah Of East Borneo Samarinda, Indonesia, Indonesia
Deasy Nur Chairin Hanifa  -  Pharmacy Faculty University Muhammadiyah Of East Borneo Samarinda, Indonesia, Indonesia

Citation Format:
Abstract

 

Introduction: Singapore is one of the countries with the lowest mortality rate and the best handling of COVID-19. Singapore can be an example for Indonesia on COVID 19 pandemic handling.

Methods: The method used is a literature review from google platform with these keywords: “Singapore Health Policy in COVID-19, Indonesian Health Policy in COVID-19, Singapore's success in suppressing COVID-19”. The analysis was done by comparing the policies taken from the two countries in dealing with COVID-19.

Results: Singapore and Indonesia did indeed have very big differences in terms of government and in broad areas, it cannot be denied that Indonesia can have the same opportunity as Singapore in providing a good health disaster mitigation system for the community. Three factors influence Singapore's success in dealing with COVID-19: 1) having a responsive and efficient health disaster mitigation system, 2) government legitimacy which is determined by the capacity of the state. Singapore has a semi-centralized government with high legitimacy the experience of dealing with pandemics in the past, 3) Singapore's experience with SARS in the past makes Singaporeans understand very well the impact of the pandemic on their economic activities and social life.

Conclusion: Several things can be emulated from Singapore in handling COVID-19 was the transparency, strong communication between community and the government, prioritizing the benefit and safety of civil society and building obedience and awareness of Covid 19 prevention.


Fulltext View|Download
Keywords: COVID-19 pandemic; Contingency Plan; Health Policy; Singapore; Indonesia

Article Metrics:

  1. WHO, “WHO Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) Dashboard | WHO Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) Dashboard,” 2021. https://covid19.who.int/?gclid=EAIaIQobChMIyOWq7PuB7wIVDxsrCh2MlgQNEAAYASAAEgKwOPD_BwE (accessed Feb. 24, 2021)
  2. H. Sukur, Moch, B. Kurniadi, Haris, and F. N, Ray, “Penanganan Pelayanan Kesehatan Di Masa Pandemi Covid-19 Dalam Perspektif Hukum Kesehatan,” J. Inicio Legis Vol. 1 Nomor 1 Oktober 2020, vol. 1, pp. 1–17, 2020
  3. C. Hennida, “Penanganan COVID-19 di Singapura - Unair News,” 2020. http://news.unair.ac.id/2020/12/06/penanganan-covid-19-di-singapura/ (accessed Mar. 07, 2021)
  4. H. Widowati, “Belajar dari Vietnam dan Singapura dalam Penanganan Virus Corona - Nasional Katadata.co.id,” 2020. https://katadata.co.id/hariwidowati/berita/5e9a470d940dc/belajar-dari-vietnam-dan-singapura-dalam-penanganan-virus-corona (accessed Feb. 25, 2021)
  5. Ihsanuddin, “Fakta Lengkap Kasus Pertama Virus Corona di Indonesia Halaman all - Kompas.com,” 2020. https://nasional.kompas.com/read/2020/03/03/06314981/fakta-lengkap-kasus-pertama-virus-corona-di-indonesia?page=all (accessed Feb. 25, 2021)
  6. WHO, “Indonesia: WHO Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) Dashboard | WHO Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) Dashboard.” https://covid19.who.int/region/searo/country/id (accessed Mar. 07, 2021)
  7. T. Nurdiana, “Indonesia catat kasus corona tertinggi di Asia Tenggara, nomer 4 di Asia, no 19 dunia,” 2021. https://kesehatan.kontan.co.id/news/indonesia-catat-kasus-corona-tertinggi-di-asia-tenggara-nomer-4-di-asia-no-19-dunia (accessed Feb. 25, 2021)
  8. C. Hennida, “The Success of Handling COVID-19 in Singa- pore : The Case of the Migrant Worker Clus- ter and the Economic Recession Keberhasilan Penanganan COVID-19 di Singapura : Kasus Klaster Pekerja Migran dan Resesi Ekonomi Citra Hennida,” pp. 241–256, 2020
  9. World Bank, “Profil Kota Singapura Kota Berketahanan Iklim Pedoman Dasar Pengurangan Kerentanan terhadap Bencana Public,” 2007
  10. Center For Strategic & International Studies, “Southeast Asia Covid-19 Tracker,” 2021. https://www.csis.org/programs/southeast-asia-program/southeast-asia-covid-19-tracker-0 (accessed Feb. 24, 2021)
  11. CNN Indonesia, “Melihat Keterbukaan Singapura Menghadapi Virus Corona,” 2020. https://www.cnnindonesia.com/internasional/20200313113540-106-483106/melihat-keterbukaan-singapura-menghadapi-virus-corona (accessed Feb. 24, 2021)
  12. L. W. John, Y. Leo, and T. C. Chorh, “COVID-19 in Singapore-Current Experience Critical Global Issues That Require Attention and Action,” JAMA Netw., 2020, doi: 10.1001/jama.2020.2467
  13. H. Andriyanto, “James Riady: Cara Singapura Tambah ICU Rumah Sakit Bisa Ditiru.” https://www.beritasatu.com/kesehatan/632531/james-riady-cara-singapura-tambah-icu-rumah-sakit-bisa-ditiru (accessed Mar. 07, 2021)
  14. A. Budiansyah, “Lawan Corona! Ini Bedanya Transparansi Singapura & Indonesia.” https://www.cnbcindonesia.com/news/20200313091245-4-144564/lawan-corona-ini-bedanya-transparansi-singapura-indonesia (accessed Mar. 07, 2021)
  15. D. Quah, “Singapore ’ s policy response to COVID-19,” no. March, pp. 104–111, 2020
  16. “Kebijakan Publik Penanggulangan Covid-19 di Indonesia: Gagap dan Terlambat – Fakultas Ilmu Administrasi UI,” 2020. https://fia.ui.ac.id/kebijakan-publik-penanggulangan-covid-19-di-indonesia-gagap-dan-terlambat/ (accessed Apr. 28, 2021)
  17. D. Murdaningsih, “Begini Cara Indonesia Saat Menangani SARS dan MERS | Republika Online.” https://www.republika.co.id/berita/q6syfa368/begini-cara-indonesia-saat-menangani-sars-dan-mers (accessed Mar. 08, 2021)
  18. CNN Indonesia, “Presiden Singapura Potong Gaji demi Bonus Tim Medis Corona,” 2020. https://www.cnnindonesia.com/internasional/20200302171628-106-479840/presiden-singapura-potong-gaji-demi-bonus-tim-medis-corona (accessed Feb. 25, 2021)
  19. P. Ramadhani, “Temuan BPS: Program Kartu Prakerja Salah Sasaran - Bisnis Liputan6.com,” Nov. 27, 2020. https://www.liputan6.com/bisnis/read/4419163/temuan-bps-program-kartu-prakerja-salah-sasaran (accessed Feb. 25, 2021)
  20. A. Hermawan Usman, “Kesadaran Hukum Masyarakat Dan Pemerintah Sebagai Faktor Tegaknya Negara Hukum Di Indonesia,” J. Wawasan Yuridika, vol. 30, no. 1, pp. 26–53, 2014
  21. A. Naufal, “KEBERSIHAN SEBAGAI GAYA HIDUP PENDUDUK,” pp. 1–12, 2018

Last update:

No citation recorded.

Last update:

No citation recorded.