Efek xenia dan metaxenia pada persilangan tomat ranti dan tomat cherry

Natalia Indah Widyasmara, Florentina Kusmiyati, Karno Karno


DOI: https://doi.org/10.14710/joac.2.2.128-136

Abstract


Cherry tomato have various colour, shape and nutritious fruit. The aim of this research was to make population for genetic selection and to know about xenia and metaxenia effect on tomato crossing. The crossing was assigned in dialel crossing combination with Ranti tomato, Cherry tomato var. Grape, Red Pear and Indigo Rose as a crossing parents. The crossing combination was Ranti x Grape, Ranti x Red Pear, Ranti x Indigo Rose, Grape x Ranti, Grape x Red Pear, Grape x Indigo Rose, Indigo Rose x Grape, Indigo Rose x Ranti, Indigo Rose x Red Pear. Parameter measured were crossing ability, fruit set ability, fruit ripening age, seed number and fruit shape. The result showed that Grape x Red Pear crossing combination had the highest crossing ability and Indigo Rose x Red Pear had the highest fruit set ability. Xenia and metaxenia effects were showed in fruit ripening age, seed number and fruit shape. Genotype of Red Pear x Indigo Rose was found as superior genotype candidate for ripening age, seed number and had highest percentage of fruit shape alteration.

Keywords : Hybridization, xenia, metaxenia, tomato, cherry tomato.


Full Text:

PDF

References


Aini, M. N. 2008. Pengaruh macam persilangan terhadap hasil dan kemampuan. silang buah naga jenis merah (Hylocereus Polyrhizus). Skripsi. Universitas Sebelas Maret, Solo.

Bullant, C. and Gallais. 1998. Xenia effects in mayze with normal endosperm:importence and stability. J. Crop Sci 39:1517—1525.

Darjanto dan Satifah, S. 1990. Pengetahuan Dasar Biologi Bunga dan Teknik Penyerbukan Silang Buatan. Jakarta: Gramedia.

Denney, J.O. 1992. Xenia includes metaxenia. J. Hort. Science 27 : 722—728.

Frimpong, A. K., M.K. Adjaloo, P.K. Kwangpong, and W. Oduro. 2014. Structure and stability of cocoa flower and their respons to pollinatiom. J. Bot.

Gardner, F.P.,R.B,Pearce dan R.L. Mitchell. 2008. Fisiologi Tanaman Budidaya. Terjemahan. UI Press, Jakarta.

Griffing B. 1956. Concept of general and specific combining ability in relation to diallel crossing system. Aus.Biol Sci 9(4) : 463-493.

Hazra .P, H.A. Samsul, D. Sikder, and K.V. Peter. 2007. Breeding tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) resistant to high temperature stress. Dalam: Heat tolerance in tomato. Golam F, Prodhan ZH, Nezhadahmadi A, Rahman M. Kuala Lumpur: Universitas Malaya.

Kahriman, F., M. Serment, M. Haslak, and M.S. Kang. 2017. Pollen effect (xenia) for evaluating breeding materials in maize. J. Genetika. 49. 217-234.

Kavitha, P., K. S. Shivashankara, V. K. Rao, A. T. Sadashiva, K. V. Ravishankar and G. J. Sathish. 2014. Genotypic variability for antioxidant and quality parameters among tomato cultivars, hybrids, cherry tomatoes and wild species. J. Science of Food and Agriculture 94: 993–999.

Nasir, M. 2001. Pengantar Pemuliaan Tanaman. Direktorat Jenderal Pendidikan Tinggi, Departemen Pendidikan Nasional, Jakarta.

Olfati, J. A., Z. Sheykhtaher, R. Qamgosar, A. Khasmakhi-Sabet, G. Peyvast, H. Samizadeh, and B. Rabiee. 2010. Xenia and Metaxenia on Cucumber Fruit and Seed Characteristics. Inter. J. Veg. Sci. 16. 243-252.

Piotto, F. A., K.D. Batagin-Piotto, M. de Almeida, and G. C. X. Oliveira. 2013. Interspecific xenia and metaxenia in seeds and fruits of tomato. J.Sci. Agric., 70(2), 102–107.

Poespodarsono, S. 1998. Dasar – Dasar Ilmu Pemuliaan Tanaman. IPB Press, Bogor.

Renuka D. M., A. T. Sadashiva, B. T. Kavita, R. C. Vijendrakumar and M. R. Hanumanthiah. 2014. Evaluation of cherry tomato lines (Solanum lycopersicum var. Cerasiforme) for growth, yield and quality traits. J. Plant Archives 14(1):151-154.

Sa’diyah, N, M. Widiastuti dan Ardian. 2012. Keragaan, keragaman dan heretabilitas karakter agronomi kacang panjang (Vigna Unguiculata) hasil persilangan tiga genotipe. J. Agrotek Tropika 1(1):32-37.

Setyaningsih F. R. 2011. Persilangan dialel pada enam varietas untuk

peningkatan hasil kedelai (Glycine max merril). Skripsi.

Setiamihardja, R. 1993. Persilangan antar spesies pada tanaman cabai. J. Zuriat, 4(2): 112-115.

Syukur, M., S. Sujiprihati, dan R. Yunianti. 2015. Teknik Pemuliaan Tanaman. Penebar Swadaya, Jakarta.

Yunita, T.R., Taryono, dan M.W. Suyadi. 2015. Pengujian sifat kemampuan menyerbuk silang lima klon kakao (Theobroma cacao). Prosiding sem nas masy biodiv indon.

Zipori, I., S. Shuker, A. Dag and E. Tomer. 2007. Guava breeding in Israel. Acta Hortic., 735: 39–47.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


View JOAC Stats

 

ISSN 2597-4386 (media online)

JOAC is published by Department of Agriculture, Faculty of Animal and Agricultural Sciences, Diponegoro University, Indonesia

 

Creative Commons License
JOAC is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.