Keragaman warna bunga m1 tanaman aster (Callistephus chinensis) Hasil induksi mutasi iradiasi sinar gamma

Yanuar Rizqiani, Florentina Kusmiyati, Syaiful Anwar


DOI: https://doi.org/10.14710/joac.2.1.52-58

Abstract


The aims of research was to determine the effect of gamma ray on the flower colour of Daisies. The research design was completely randomized design with five replicates. The irradiation treatment of gamma ray were 0 Gy, 5 Gy, 10 Gy, 15 Gy, 20 Gy. Parameters observed were stalk length, time of flowering, number of flowers, flower diameter, and flower colour. The collected data were analyzed by analysis of variance (ANOVA) and continued by Least Significance Different (LSD) of 5% level. The result showed that irradiation of gamma ray did not affected stalk length, number of flowers, and time of flowering. The gamma ray irradiation had a significant effect on flower diameter. Gamma ray irradiation significantly decreased the diameter of flower. The flower colour at doses 0 Gy (control) was purple. Colour flower was varied from dark purple to pink at irradiation 10 Gy and 15 Gy.

Keywords: Callistephus chinensis, mutation, irradiation, colour of flower.


Full Text:

PDF

References


Aisyah, S. I. 2009. Induksi mutasi pada stek pucuk anyelir (Dianthus caryophyllus Linn.) melalui iradiasi sinar gamma. J. Agron. Indonesia, 37 (1): 62 – 70.

Ahloowalia, B.S., Maluzynski, and Nichterlein. 2004. Global impact of mutation-derived varieties. Euphytica135:187-204.

Dwimahyani, I. 2007. Pengaruh iradiasi sinar gamma terhadap pertumbuhan dan pembungaan stek pucuk krisan (Chrysanthemum morifolium Ramat.) cv. Pink Fiji. Jurnal Ilmiah Aplikasi Isotop dan Radiasi, 3 (1): 67 – 79.

Dewi, A. K. dan I. Dwimahyani. 2012. Pengaruh radiasi gamma terhadap perubahan morfologi pertumbuhan stek tanaman kembang sepatu (Hibiscus rosa-sinensis). Majalah Ilmiah Aplikasi Isotop dan Radiasi, 4 (2): 89-102.

Handayati, W., Darliah., I. Mariska, dan R. Purnamaningsih. 2001. Peningkatan keragaman genetik mawar mini melalui kultur in-vitro dan iradiasi sinar gamma. Berita Biologi, 5 (4): 365 – 371.

Firdausya, A. F. 2012. Analisis Pertumbuhan, Morfologi, Dan Kualitas Tanaman Hias Krisan (Dendranthema Grandiflora Tzvelev) Hasil Induksi Mutasi. Skripsi. Departemen Agronomi dan Hortikultura, Fakultas Pertanian, IPB. Bogor. 77 hal. [Tidak Dipubikasikan].

Lestari, E. G., R. Purnamaningsih, M. Syukur, dan Yunita, R. 2010. Keragaman somaklonal untuk perbaikan tanaman artemisia (Artemisia annua L.) melalui kultur in vitro. J. Agrobiogen, 6 (1): 26–32.

Sanjaya, L., Y. Supriyadi, R. Meilasari, dan K. Yuniarto. 2004. Teknik mutasi dengan menggunakan sinar gamma pada varietas-varietas krisan. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Florikultura. Bogor, 4-5 Agustus 2004: 249-256.

Saputra, M. H. C. 2012. Pengaruh mutasi fisik melalui iradiasi sinar gamma terhadap keragaanbunga matahari (Helianthus annuus L.). Departemen Agronomi dan Hortikultura, Fakultas Pertanian, IPB. Bogor. 44 hal.

Soedjono, S., K. Suskandari, dan S. Rianawati. 2000. Pengaruh iradiasi sinar gamma pada tanaman anggrek vanda douglas var genta Bandung terhadap penampilan produksi bunga. Penelitian dan Pengembangan Aplikasi Isotop dan Radiasi. BATAN. Jakarta. 57-61.

Sutapa, G. N., dan I. G. A. Kasnawan. 2016. Efek induksi mutasi radiasi gamma 60Co pada pertumbuhan fisiologis tanaman tomat (Lycopersicon esculentum L.). J. Keselamatan Radiasi dan Lingkungan, 1 (2): 5-11.

Wulan, M. T. 2007. Peningkatan Keragaman Bunga Sepatu (Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Linn.) Melalui Induksi Iradiasi Sinar Gamma. Skripsi. Departemen Budidaya Tanaman, Fakultas Pertanian, IPB. Bogor. [Tidak Dipubikasikan].


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


View JOAC Stats

 

ISSN 2597-4386 (media online)

JOAC is published by Department of Agriculture, Faculty of Animal and Agricultural Sciences, Diponegoro University, Indonesia

 

Creative Commons License
JOAC is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.