Pengaruh konsentrasi IAA (Indole Acetic Acid) dan BAP (Benzil Amino Purin) terhadap pertumbuhan awal sambung samping Jambu Biji (Psidium guajava) Var. Kristal

Hendra Pratomo, Karno Karno, Budi Adi Kristanto


DOI: https://doi.org/10.14710/joac.2.1.29-35

Abstract


The purpose of this research was to study the influence of various concentrations of IAA and BAP on early growth budding of guava (Psidium guajava L.) Var. Kristal in side grafting propagation method. The experiment used completely randomized factorial design. The first factor was various concentrations of IAA (0, 100, and 200 ppm) and the second factor was various concentrations of BAP (0, 100, and 200 ppm). Each treatment was repeated three times. Parameters observed were the time of bud break, time of shoot emergence, and shoot length. The data were analyzed by variance and continued analyzed by Duncan Multiple Range Test. The results showed that the level of IAA concentration gave effect (P<0,05) to time of shoot emergence and shoot length. Level of BAP concentrations gave significant effect (P<0,05) to the time of bud break, time of shoot emergence, and shoot length. The interaction between the concentration level of IAA and BAP had significant effect (P<0,05) on the time of bud break, time of shoot emergence and shoot length.

Keywords : Guava, Psidium guajava, Side Grafting, IAA, BAP.


Full Text:

PDF

References


Adeyemi, O.A., P. Lenka, P. Ales, N. Ondrej, D. Karel, and V. S. Johan. 2016. Auxin-cytokinin interaction and variations in their metabolic products in the regulation of organogenesis in two Eucomis Spesies. J. New Biotech. 33. 883-890.

Aloni, R. 2003. The Induction of Vascular Tissues by Auxin. Department of Plant Sciences. Tel Aviv University, Israel.

Aloni, R., L. Karni, G. Deveturero, Z. Levin, R. Cohen, N. Kazir, M. L. Pompan, M. Edelstein, H. Aktas, E. Turhan, D. M. Joel, C. Horev, and Y. Kapulnic. 2008. Physiological and biochemical changes at the rootstock-scion interface in graft combinations between Cucurbita rootstock and a melon scion. J. Hortic. Sci. Biotechnol. 83, 777-783.

Azizi, P., M. Y. Rafi, M. Maziah, S. N. A. Abdullah, M. M. Hanafi, M. A. Latif, A. A. Rashid, and M. Sahebi. 2015. Understanding the shoot apical meristem regulation: a study of the phytohormones, auxin and cytokinin, in rice. J. Mechanism of Develompent. 135. 1-15.

BPS. 2011. Proyeksi Konsumsi Buah-Buahan Penduduk Indonesia. Badan Pusat Statistik. Jakarta.

Lestari, E.G. 2010. Peranan zat pengatur tumbuh dalam perbanyakan tanaman melalui kultur jaringan. J. AgroBiogen. 7 (1): 63-68.

Dengler, N.G. 2001. Regulation of vascular developmet. J. Plant Growth Regul. 20. 1-13.

Eleos. 2013. Pengaruh Konsentrasi Kinetin dan NAA Terhadap Induksi Tunas dan Akar pada Stek Batang Nenas. Artikel Ilmiah. Universitas Tanjungpura. Pontianak.

Hidayanto, M., S. Nurjannah, dan F. Yossita. 2003. Pengaruh panjang stek akar dan konsentrasi natrium nitrofenol terhadap pertumbuhan stek akar sukun (Artocarpus communis F.). J. Pengkajian dan Pengembangan Teknologi Pertanian. 2 (6): 154-160.

Hirose, N., K. I. Takei, T. Kuroha, T. K. Nobusada, H. Hayashi, and H. Sakakibara. 2008. Regulation of cytokinin biosynthesis, compartmentalization and translocation. J. Exp. Bot. 59. 75-83.

Kementan. 2015. Rencana Strategis Kementerian Pertanian 2015 – 2019. Kementerian Pertanian Republik Indonesia. Jakarta.

Kose, C. and M. Guleryuz. 2006. Effect of auxins and cytokinins on graft union of grapevine (Vitis vinivera) New Zealand. J. Crop Hortic. Sci. 34. 145-150.

Lakitan, B. 2001. Fisiologi Pertumbuhan dan Perkembangan Tanaman. PT Raja Grafindo Persada. Jakarta.

Ni’matur, R. 2014. Propagasi Akasia (Acacia mangium Willd) dengan Pemberian Kombinasi ZPT BAP (Benzyl Amino Purin) dan IBA (Indole Butyric Acid) secara In Vitro. Universitas Negeri Malang. Malang. (Skripsi).

Pakpahan, T. P., P. D. Bandem, dan Patriani. 2012. Pengaruh panjang entris terhadap keberhasilan sambung pucuk bibit jambu air. J. Sains Mahasiswa Pertanian. 1 (1): 1-9.

Qing, X., G. Shi-Rong, L. Lin, A. Ya-Hong, S. Sheng, and S. Jin. 2016. Proteomics analysis of compability and incompability in grafted cucumber seedling. J. Plant Physiology and Biochemistry. 105. 21-28.

Reinhardt, D., T. Mandel, and C. Kuhlemeier. 2000. Auxin regulates the initiation and radial position of plant lateral organs. Plant Cell 12. 507-518.

Salisbury, F. B. and C.W. Ross. 1995. Fisiologi Tumbuhan. Jilid I Terjemahan Diah R. Lukman dan Sumaryo. ITB. Bandung.

Setyaningrum, F. 2012. Pengaruh Konsentrasi BAP terhadap Pertumbuhan Awal Entres Tiga Varietas Durian (Durio zibethinus Murr.) pada Perbanyakan Vegetatif Okulasi. Program Studi S1 Agroteknologi Universitas Sebelas Maret. Surakarta. (Skripsi Sarjana).

Sukarman, D., Rusmin dan Melati. 2002. Pengaruh asal sumber benih dan cara penyimpanan terhadap viabilitas benih jahe (Zingiber officinale L.). Prosiding Simposium IV Hasil Penelitian Tanaman Perkebunan. Bogor.

Widyastuti, N. dan D. Tjokrokusumo. 2007. Peranan beberapa zat pengatur tumbuh (ZPT) tanaman pada kultur In Vitro. J. Sains dan Teknologi Indonesia. 3 (5) 08.

Yuliyanto, A. G., E. Setiawan dan K. Badami. 2015. Efek Pemberian IBA terhadap Pertautan Sambung Samping Tanaman Srikaya. Agrovigor. 2 (8): 51-56.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


View JOAC Stats

 

ISSN 2597-4386 (media online)

JOAC is published by Department of Agriculture, Faculty of Animal and Agricultural Sciences, Diponegoro University, Indonesia

 

Creative Commons License
JOAC is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.