skip to main content

Formulation and Characteristics Analysis of Soap with The Addition of Spirulina Platensis

1School of Postgraduate Studies, Diponegoro University, Jl. Imam Bardjo SH, Pleburan, Semarang, 50241, Indonesia

2Department of Chemical Engineering, Institut Teknologi Indonesia, Jl. Raya Puspitek Serpong, South Tangerang, 15320, Indonesia

3Center of Biomass and Renewable Energy (CBIORE), Diponegoro University, Indonesia

4 Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Sciences and Mathematics, Diponegoro University, Indonesia

View all affiliations
Received: 19 Jan 2023; Revised: 31 Jan 2023; Accepted: 1 Feb 2023; Available online: 1 Feb 2023; Published: 1 Apr 2023.
Editor(s): Marcelinus Christwardana
Open Access Copyright (c) 2023 The Author(s). Published by Centre of Biomass and Renewable Energy (CBIORE)
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Citation Format:
Cleanliness has become an integral element of daily living. Soap is often used as a cleaning agent. Soap can remove grime and microorganisms that adhere to the skin. Various types of fats or oils are often utilized as soap's primary constituents. The usage of these diverse oils alters the properties of soap, beginning with its hardness, its impact on the skin, and the resultant foam. 3 grams and 5 grams of Spirulina are added to the soap formulation. The pH test, foam height test, and organoleptic test are the test parameters. The findings demonstrated that the pH of each solid soap preparation was nine, which was in agreement with national standard criteria. The foam stability formed was 75% and 25%, and that the soap formulation maintained its color, shape, and odor for a period of ten days during storage. This research concludes that Spirulina platensis can be made into a solid soap formulation. The effects of the addition of Spirulina to solid soap include a light green color, a solid shape or solid texture, and a distinct perfume of essential tea tree oil, as well as the production of quite a bit of foam and a little coarseness.
Fulltext View|Download
Keywords: soap; bioproduct; microalgae; foam
Funding: Kedaireka

Article Metrics:

  1. Agustini, N. W. S., & Winarni, A. H. (2017). Karakteristik dan aktivitas antioksidan sabun padat transparan yang di-perkaya dengan ekstrak kasar karotenoid Chlorella pyrenoidosa. Jurnal Pascapanen dan Bioteknologi Kelautan dan Perikanan, 12(1), 1-12.
  2. Ameh, A. O., Muhammad, J. A., & Audu, H. G. (2013). Synthesis and characterization of antiseptic soap from neem oil and shea butter oil. African journal of Biotechnology, 12(29)
  3. Dianursanti, & Pramadhanti, D. (2020). Utilization of miroalgae Spirulina platensis as anti-bacterial compound in soap. AIP Conference Proceedings, 2255, (1). 040020.
  4. Dianursanti, Fransisca, M., & Alifia, K. C. (2020). The effect of adding citric acid on making antibacterial film-formed soap for hospital. AIP Conference Proceedings, 2255 (1) 040037.
  5. Gusviputri, A., PS, N. M., & Indraswati, N. (2017). Pembuatan sabun dengan lidah buaya (aloe vera) sebagai antiseptik alami. Widya Teknik, 12(1), 11-21.
  6. Pandurangan, P., Gopakumar, N., Kaliyappan, B. P., Kathiresan, S., PJ, J. C., & Samrot, A. V. (2020). Cultivation of spir-ulina platensis having humic acid as substrate for soap production. Biointerface Research in Applied Chemistry. 11(2), 8895 – 8903.
  7. Pramadhanti, D., & Dianursanti. (2019, December). Effect of increasing reaction temperature on quality of VCO and mi-croalgae Spirulina platensis-based anti-bacterial soap. AIP Conference Proceedings, 2193 (1) 020009.
  8. Ravi, M., De, S. L., Azharuddin, S., & Paul, S. F. (2010). The beneficial effects of Spirulina focusing on its immunomodu-latory and antioxidant properties. Nutrition and Dietary Supplements, 2, 73-83
  9. Sari, S. Y. (2018). Formulasi Sediaan Sabun Cair dari Ekstrak Daun Bidara (Ziziphus Mauritiana) (Doctoral dissertation, Institut Kesehatan Helvetia Medan)
  10. Standar Nasional Indonesia. (2016). SNI Sabun mandi padat. 3532:2016
  11. Zubairu, A., Gimba, A. S., & Korode, M. B. (2021). Synthesis of antiseptic soap from blends of wood tar and some selected vegetable oils. European Journal of Engineering and Technology Research, 6(1), 36-41.

Last update:

No citation recorded.

Last update:

No citation recorded.