Synthesis and Performance of Transition Metal Based Perovskite Catalysts for Diesel Soot Oxidation

DOI: https://doi.org/10.9767/bcrec.12.3.968.469-477
Copyright (c) 2017 Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Cover Image

Article Metrics: (Click on the Metric tab below to see the detail)

Article Info
Submitted: 02-03-2017
Published: 28-10-2017
Section: Original Research Articles
Fulltext PDF Tell your colleagues Email the author

In present investigation, the effect of the intrinsic factors including the structure, nature of B-site ions in the four systems LaCoO3, LaNiO3, LaFeO3 and LaZnOy perovskite-type oxide catalysts, and the external factors of catalyst-soot contacting model, and the operating parameters such as air flow rate and temperature on the catalytic performances for the combustion of diesel soot were reported. The catalysts were characterized by XRD, FTIR, SEM, and N2-sorption. Activity of the catalyst for soot oxidation was evaluated on the basis of light off temperature characteristics Ti, T50 and T100. LaCoO3, LaFeO3 and LaNiO3 samples possessed the perovskite structure, and gave high activities for the total oxidation of soot below 445 oC. Whereas, LaZnOy catalyst was not indicating the ABO3 perovskite structure and existed as a mixture of metal oxides. The activity order in decreasing sequence of the catalyst was as follows: LaCoO3>LaFeO3>LaNiO3>LaZnOy. SEM pictures of the perovskite samples showed that the particles sizes were close to 100 nm. Copyright © 2017 BCREC GROUP. All rights reserved

Received: 2nd March 2017; Revised: 16th June 2017; Accepted: 12nd July 2017; Available online: 27th October 2017; Published regularly: December 2017

How to Cite: Mishra, A., Prasad, R. (2017). Synthesis and Performance of Transition Metal Based Perovskite Catalysts for Diesel Soot Oxidation. Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis, 12 (3): 469-477 (doi:10.9767/bcrec.12.3.968.469-477)

 

Keywords

perovskite; soot oxidation; soot-catalyst contact; air flow rate

  1. Anupama Mishra 
    University of Petroleum and Energy Studies, Dehradun Indian Institute of Technology (Banaras Hindu University), varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India
    Assistant Professor University of Petroleum and Energy Studies, Dehradun, India
  2. Ram Prasad 
    Indian Institute of Technology (Banaras Hindu University), Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India
    Professor, Department of Chemical Engineering,Indian Institute of Technology (Banaras Hindu University), varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India
  1. Banús, E.D., Ulla, M.A., Miró, E.E., , V.G, (2013) …...title of book……. http://www.intechopen.com/books/ diesel-enginecombustion-emissions-andcondition-monitoring/structured-catalysts-for-soot-combustion-for-diesel engines, 117.
  2. Abdullah, A.Z., Abdullah, H., Bhatia, S. (2008). Improvement of Loose Contact Diesel Soot Oxidation by Synergic Effects Between Metal Oxides in K2O-V2O5/ZSM-5 Catalysts. Catalysis Communications, 9: 1196-1200.
  3. Ramanathan, V. (2007). Global Dimming by Air Pollution and Global Warming by Greenhouse Gases: Global and Regional Perspectives. In C.D. O’Dowd and P.E. Wagner (eds). Nucleation and Atmospheric Aerosols: 17th International Conference Galway, Ireland, 473-483.
  4. Mishra A., Prasad, R. (2014). Preparation and Application of Perovskite Catalysts for Diesel Soot Emissions Control: An Overview. Catalysis Review: Science and Engineering, 56(1): 57-81.
  5. Mishra, A., Prasad, R. (2015). Development of Highly Efficient Double Substituted Perovskite Catalysts for Abatement of Diesel Soot Emissions. Clean Technology Environmental Policy, 17: 2337-2347.
  6. Burch, R., Coleman, M.D. (1999). An Investigation of the NO/H2/O2 Reaction on Noble- Metal Catalysts at Low Temperatures Under Lean- Burn Conditions. Applied Catalysis: B, 23: 115-121.
  7. Teraoka, Y., Nakano, K., Kagawa, S., Shangguan, W.F. (1995). Simultaneous Removal of Nitrogen Oxides and Diesel Soot Particulates Catalyzed by Perovskite-Type Oxides. Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, 5: L181-L185.
  8. Teraoka, Y., Kanada, K. Kagawa, S. (2001). Synthesis of La-K-Mn-O Perovskite Type Oxides and their Catalytic Property for Simultaneous Removal of NOx and Diesel Soot Particulates. Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, 34: 73-78.
  9. Russo, N., Furfori, S., Fino, D., Saracco, G., Specchia, V. (2008). Lanthanum Cobaltite Catalysts for Diesel Soot Combustion. Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, 83: 85-95.
  10. Campagnoli, E., Tavares, A., Fabbrini, L., Rossetti, I., Dubitsky, Y.A., Zaopo, A. Forni, L. (2005). Effect of Preparation Method on Activity and Stability of LaMnO3 and LaCoO3 Catalysts for the Flameless Combustion of Methane. Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, 55: 133-139.
  11. Peralta, M.A., Zanuttini, M.S., Querini, C.A. (2011). Activity and Stability of BaKCo/CeO2 Catalysts for Diesel Soot Oxidation. Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, 110: 90-98.
  12. Nakamoto, K. (1997). Infrared and Raman Spectra of Inorganic and Coordination Compounds, Part B, Applications in Coordination, Organometallic and Bioinorganic Chemistry, Wiley, New York.
  13. Zhu, H.L., Yang, D.R., Yang, H., Zhu, L.M., Li, D.S., Jin, D.L., Yao, K.H. (2008). Reductive Hydrothermal Synthesis of La(OH)3:Tb3+ Nanorods as A New Green Emitting Phosphor. Journal of Nanoparticle Research, 10: 307-312.
  14. Zhu, L., Yu, J., Wang, X. (2007). Oxidation Treatment of Diesel Soot Particulate on CexZr1-xO2. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 140: 205-210.
  15. Mu, Q., Wang, Y. (2011). Synthesis, Characterization, Shape-Preserved Transformation, and Optical Properties of La(OH)3, La2O2CO3, and La2O3 Nanorods. Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 509: 396-401.
  16. Vasudevan, S., Lakshmi, J., Sozhan, G. (2013). Electrochemically Assisted Coagulation for the Removal of Boron from Water Using Zinc Anode. Desalination, 310: 122-129.
  17. Guillen-hurtado, N., Lopez-Suarez, F.E., Bueno-Lopez, A., Garcia, A. (2014). Behavior of Different Soot Combustion Catalysts Under NOx/O2. Importance of the Catalyst-Soot Contact. Reaction Kinetics, Mechanisms, and Catalysis, 111:167-182.