Ultrasound Assisted Synthesis of Polylimonene and Organomodified-clay Nanocomposites: A Structural, Morphological and Thermal Properties

*Hodhaifa Derdar scopus  -  Laboratoire de Chimie des Polymères, Département de Chimie, Faculté des Sciences Exactes et Appliquées, Université Oran1 Ahmed Benbella, Algeria
Geoffrey Robert Mitchell scopus  -  Centre for Rapid and Sustainable Product Development, Institute Polytechnic of Leiria, Portugal
Zakaria Cherifi scopus  -  Laboratoire de Chimie des Polymères, Département de Chimie, Faculté des Sciences Exactes et Appliquées, Université Oran1 Ahmed Benbella, Algeria
Mohammed Belbachir scopus  -  Laboratoire de Chimie des Polymères, Département de Chimie, Faculté des Sciences Exactes et Appliquées, Université Oran1 Ahmed Benbella, Algeria
Mohamed Benachour scopus  -  Laboratoire de Chimie des Polymères, Département de Chimie, Faculté des Sciences Exactes et Appliquées, Université Oran1 Ahmed Benbella, Algeria
Rachid Meghabar scopus  -  Laboratoire de Chimie des Polymères, Département de Chimie, Faculté des Sciences Exactes et Appliquées, Université Oran1 Ahmed Benbella, Algeria
Khaldoun Bachari scopus  -  Centre de Recherche Scientifique et Technique en Analyses Physico-Chimiques (CRAPC), Algeria
Amine Harrane scopus  -  Department of Chemistry, FSEI, University of Abdelhamid Ibn Badis Mostaganem, Algeria
Received: 15 Oct 2020; Revised: 22 Oct 2020; Accepted: 23 Oct 2020; Published: 28 Dec 2020; Available online: 9 Nov 2020.
Open Access Copyright (c) 2020 Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis
License URL: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0

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Abstract

Polylimonene-clay nanocomposites (PLM-Mag 2, 3, 6 and 10% by weight of clay) were prepared by mixing Maghnite-CTA+ (Mag-CTA+) and polylimonene (PLM) in solution using ultrasonic irradiation. The catalyst preparation method were studied in order to determine and evaluate their structural, morphological and thermal properties. The Mag-CTA+ is an organophylic montmorillonite silicate clay prepared through a direct exchange process, using green natural clay of Maghnia (west of Algeria) called Maghnite. The Algerian clay was modified by ultrasonic-assisted method using cetyltrimethylammonuim bromide (CTAB) in which they used as green nano-reinforcing filler. Polylimonene was obtained by the polymerization of limonene, using Mag-H+ as a catalyst. The morphology of the obtained nanocomposites was studied by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electronic microscopy (SEM), transmission electronic microscopy (TEM) and infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR). Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) shows that the nanocomposites have a high degradation temperature (200−250 °C) compared with the pure polylimonene (140 °C). The analyses confirmed the chemical modification of montmorillonite layers and their uniformly dispersion in the polylimonene matrix. Exfoliated structures were obtained for low amounts of clay (2 and 3% by weight), while intercalated structures and immiscible regions were detected for high amounts of clay (6 and 10% by weight). Copyright © 2020 BCREC Group. All rights reserved

 

Keywords: Ultrasound; Polylimonene; Green-nanocomposites; Organo-modified clay; Polymer/clay
Funding: (DGRSDT) Direction Générale de la Recherche Scientifique et du Développement Technologique-Algeria under contract CDRSP-IP Leiria (Centre For Rapid and Sustainable Product Development)

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