Kinetic Behaviour of Pancreatic Lipase Inhibition by Ultrasonicated A. malaccensis and A. subintegra Leaves of Different Particle Sizes

*Miradatul Najwa Muhd Rodhi orcid scopus  -  Faculty of Chemical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM), Malaysia
Fazlena Hamzah  -  Faculty of Chemical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM), Malaysia
Ku Halim Ku Hamid  -  Faculty of Chemical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM), Malaysia
Received: 4 Sep 2020; Revised: 1 Nov 2020; Accepted: 2 Nov 2020; Published: 28 Dec 2020; Available online: 9 Nov 2020.
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Gallic acid and quercetin equivalent were determined in the crude extract of matured leaves Aquilaria malaccensis and Aquilaria subintegra. The leaves of both Aquilaria species were dried at 60 °C for 24 hours, ground and sieved into particle size of 250, 300, 400, 500, and 1000 µm. Then, each particle size of leaves was soaked in distilled water with a ratio of 1:100 (w/v) for 24 hours and undergoes the pre-treatment method by using ultrasonicator (37 kHz), at the temperature of 60 °C for 30 minutes. The crude extracts were obtained after about 4 hours of hydrodistillation process. The highest concentration of gallic acid and quercetin equivalent was determined in the crude extract from the particle size of 250 µm. The kinetics of pancreatic lipase inhibition was further studied based using the Lineweaver-Burk plot, wherein the concentration of p-NPP as the substrate and pancreatic lipase were varied. Based on the formation of the lines in the plot, the crude leaves extract of both Aquilaria species exhibit the mixed-inhibition on pancreatic lipase, which indicates that in the reaction, the inhibitors were not only attached to the free pancreatic lipase, but also to the pancreatic lipase-(p-NPP) complex. The reaction mechanism was similar to non-competitive inhibition; however the value of dissociation constant, Ki, for both inhibition pathways was different. The inhibition shows an increment in Michaelis-Menten constant (Km) and a reduction in the maximum pancreatic lipase activity (Vm) compared to the reaction without Aquilaria spp. crude extracts (control). This proved that the inhibition occurred in this reaction. Copyright © 2020 BCREC Group. All rights reserved


Keywords: Aquilaria; Gallic acid; Kinetic inhibition; Pancreatic Lipase; Quercetin
Funding: Universiti Teknologi MARA - INQKA UiTM

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