skip to main content

Study of Hopcalite (CuMnOx) Catalysts Prepared Through A Novel Route for the Oxidation of Carbon Monoxide at Low Temperature

1Department of Civil engineering, Indian Institute of Technology (BHU) Varanasi, Varanasi-221005, India

2Department of Chemical Engineering and Technology, Indian Institute of Technology (BHU) Varanasi, India

Received: 28 Dec 2016; Revised: 19 Apr 2017; Accepted: 19 Mar 2017; Published: 1 Dec 2017; Available online: 27 Oct 2017.
Open Access Copyright (c) 2017 by Authors, Published by BCREC Group under http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0.

Citation Format:
Cover Image
Abstract

Carbon monoxide (CO) is a poisonous gas, recognized as a silent killer. The gas is produced by incomplete combustion of carbonaceous fuel. Recent studies have shown that hopcalite group is one of the promising catalysts for CO oxidation at low temperature. In this study, hopcalite (CuMnOx) catalysts were prepared by KMnO4 co-precipitation method followed by washing, drying the precipitate at different temperatures (22, 50, 90, 110, and 120 oC) for 12 h in an oven and subsequent calcination at 300 oC in stagnant air, flowing air and in a reactive gas mixture of (4.5% CO in air) to do the reactive calcination (RC). The prepared catalysts were characterized by XRD, FTIR, SEM-EDX, XPS, and BET techniques. The activity of the catalysts was evaluated in a tubular reactor under the following conditions: 100 mg catalyst, 2.5% CO in air, total flow rate 60 mL/min and temperature varying from ambient to a higher value, at which complete oxidation of CO was achieved. The order of calcination strategies based on activity for hopcalite catalysts was observed to be as: RC > flowing air > stagnant air. In the kinetics study of CuMnOx catalyst prepared in RC conditions the frequency factor and activation energy were found to be 5.856×105 (g.mol)/(gcat.h) and 36.98 kJ/gmol, respectively. 

Fulltext View|Download
Keywords: Carbon monoxide; Catalytic oxidation; CuMnOx; Hopcalite catalysts; Co-precipitation; Reactive Calcination

Article Metrics:

  1. Xie, X., Li, Y., Liu, Z., Haruta, M., Shen, W. (2009). Low-Temperature Oxidation of CO Catalysed by Co3O4 Nanorods. Nature Letters, 458: 746-749
  2. Taylor, S.H., Rhodes, C. (2005). Ambient Temperature Oxidation of Carbon Monoxide Using a Cu2Ag2O3 Catalyst. Catalysis Letters, 101: 31-33
  3. Tang, Z.R., Jones, C.D., Aldridge, J.K.W., Davies, T.E., Bartley, J.K., Carley, A.F., Taylor, S.H., Allix, M., Dickinson, C., Rosseinsky, M.J., Claridge, J.B., Xu, Z.L., Crudace, M.J., Hutchings, G.J. (2009). New Nanocrystalline Cu/MnOx Catalysts Prepared from Supercritical Antisolvent Precipitation. Chemcatchem Catalysis, 1: 247-251
  4. Kanungo, S.B. (1979). Physicochemical Properties of MnO2, CuO and their Relationship with the Catalytic Activity for H2O2 Decomposition and CO Oxidation. Journal of Catalysis, 58: 419-435
  5. Schwab, G.M., Kanungo, S.B. (1977). Efficient Stable Catalyst for Low Temperature Carbon Monoxide Oxidation. Journal of Catalysis, 107: 109-120
  6. Veprek, S.D., Cocke, L., Kehl, S., Oswald, H.R. (1986). Mechanism of the Deactivation of Hopcalite Catalysts Studied by XPS, ISS, and other Techniques. Journal of Catalysis, 100: 250-263
  7. Taylor, S.H., Hutchings, G.J., Mirzaei, A.A. (1999). Copper Zinc Oxide Catalysts for Ambient Temperature Carbon Monoxide Oxidation. Chemical Communications, 15: 1373-1374
  8. Cai, L., Guo, Y., Lu, A., Branton, P., Li, W. (2012). The Choice of Precipitant and Precursor in the Co-precipitation Synthesis of Copper Manganese Oxide for Maximizing Carbon Monoxide Oxidation. Journal of Molecular Catalysis A: Chemical, 360: 35-41
  9. Kramer, M., Schmidt, T., Stowe, K., Maier, W.F. (2006). Structural and Catalytic Aspects of Sol–Gel Derived Copper Manganese Oxides as Low-Temperature CO Oxidation Catalyst. Applied Catalysis A: General, 302: 257-263
  10. Zhang, W., Zhao, Q., Wang, X., Yan, X., Han, S., Zeng, Z. (2016). Highly Active and Stable Au@CuxO Core-Shell Nanoparticles Supported on Alumina for Carbon Monoxide Oxidation at Low Temperature. RSC Advances, 79: 75126-75132
  11. Li, L., Chai, S., Binder, A., Brown, S., Yang, S., Dai, S. (2015). Synthesis of MCF-Supported AuCo Nanoparticle Catalysts and Catalytic Performance for the CO Oxidation Reaction. RCS Advances, 121: 100212-100222
  12. Dirany, N., Arab, M., Madigou, V., Leroux, C., Gavarri, J.R. (2016). A Facile One Step Route to Synthesize WO3 Nanoplatelets for CO Oxidation and Photo Degradation of RhB: Micro Structural, Optical and Electrical Studies, RSC Advances, 73: 69615-69626
  13. Guo, X., Zhou, R. (2016). A New Insight into the Morphology Effect of Ceria on CuO/CeO2 Catalysts for CO Selective Oxidation in Hydrogen-Rich Gas. RSC, Catalysis Science & Technology, 11: 3862-3871
  14. Chen, C.S., Chen, T.C., Chen, C.C., Lai, Y.T., You, J.H., Chou, T.M., Chen, C.H., Lee, J. (2012). Effect of Ti3+ on TiO2 Supported Cu Catalysts Used for CO Oxidation. ACS publications, Langmuir, 28: 9996-10006
  15. Sun, Y., Lv, P., Yang, J., He, L., Nie, J., Liu, X., Li, Y. (2011). Ultrathin Co3O4 Nanowires with High Catalytic Oxidation of CO. RSC, Chemical Communications, 40: 11279-11281
  16. Njagi, E.C., Chen, C., Genuino, H., Galindo, H., Huang, H., Suib, S.L. (2010). Total Oxidation of CO at Ambient Temperature Using Copper Manganese Oxide Catalysts Prepared by A Redox Method. Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, 99: 103-110
  17. Jones, C., Taylor, S.H., Burrows, A., Crudace, M.J., Kiely, C.J., Hutchings, G.J. (2008). Cobalt Promoted Copper Manganese Oxide Catalysts for Ambient Temperature Carbon Monoxide Oxidation. Chemical Communications, 1707-1709
  18. Zhanga, X., Mab. K., Zhanga, L., Yonga, G., Yadib, M., Liu, S. (2011). Effect of Precipitation Method and Ce Doping on the Catalytic Activity of Copper Manganese Oxide Catalyst for CO Oxidation. Chinese Journal of Chemical Physics, 24: 97-102
  19. Solsona, B., Hutchings, G.J., Garcia, T., Taylor, S.H. (2004). Improvement of the Catalytic Performance of CuMnOx Catalysts for CO Oxidation by the Addition of Au. New Journal of Chemistry, 6: 708-711
  20. Dey, S., Dhal, G.C., Prasad, R., Mohan, D. (2016). The Effect of Doping on the Catalytic Activity of CuMnOx Catalyst for CO Oxidation. Journal of Environmental Science, Toxicology and Food Technology, 10(11): 86-94
  21. Mishra, A., Prasad, R. (2011). A Review on Preferential Oxidation of Carbon Monoxide In Hydrogen Rich Gases. Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis, 6(1): 1-14
  22. Rattan, G., Prasad, R., Katyal, R.C. (2012). Effect of Preparation Methods on Al2O3 Supported CuO-CeO2-ZrO2 Catalysts for CO Oxidation. Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis, 7(2): 112-123
  23. Singh, P., Prasad, R. (2014). Catalytic Abatement of Cold-Start Vehicular CO Emissions. Catalysis and Environmental Protection, Catalysis in Industry, 6(2): 122-127
  24. Clarke, T.J., Davies, T.E., Kondrat, S.A., Taylor, S.H. (2015). Mechano Chemical Synthesis of Copper Manganese Oxide for the Ambient Temperature Oxidation of Carbon Monoxide. Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, 165: 222-231
  25. Mirzaei, A.A., Shaterian, R.H., Habibi, M., Hutchings, G.J., Taylor, S.H. (2003). Characterization of Copper-Manganese Oxide Catalysts: Effect of Precipitate Ageing upon the Structure and Morphology of Precursors and Catalysts. Applied Catalysis A: General, 253: 499–508
  26. Cole, K.J., Carley, A.F., Crudace, M.J., Clarke, M., Taylor, S.H., Hutchings, G.J. (2010). Copper Manganese Oxide Catalysts Modified by Gold Deposition: The Influence on Activity for Ambient Temperature Carbon Monoxide Oxidation. Catalysis Letters, 138:143-147
  27. Granger, P., Lecomte, J.J., Leclercq, L., Leclercq, G. (2001). An Attempt at Modeling the Activity of Pt-Rh/Al2O3 Three-Way Catalysts in the CO+NO Reaction. Applied Catalysis A: General, 208(2): 369-379
  28. Hasegawa, Y., Maki, R., Sano, M., Miyake, T. (2009). Preferential Oxidation of CO on Copper-Containing Manganese Oxides. Applied Catalysis A: General, 371: 67-72
  29. Jones, C., Cole, K.J., Taylor S.H., Crudace M.J., Hutchings, G.J. (2009). Copper Manganese Oxide Catalysts for Ambient Temperature Carbon Monoxide Oxidation: Effect of Calcination on Activity. Journal of Molecular Catalysis A: Chemical, 305: 121-124
  30. Tanaka, Y., Utaka, T., Kikuchi, R., Takeguchi, T., Sasaki, K., Eguchi, K. (2003). Water Gas Shift Reaction for the Reformed Fuels over Cu/MnO Catalysts Prepared via Spinel-Type Oxide. Journal of Catalysis, 215: 271-278

Last update: 2021-07-30 18:37:56

No citation recorded.

Last update: 2021-07-30 18:37:56

  1. Synthesis of highly active Cobalt catalysts for low temperature CO oxidation

    Dey S.. Chemical Data Collections, 24 , 2019. doi: 10.1016/j.cdc.2019.100283
  2. Controlling carbon monoxide emissions from automobile vehicle exhaust using copper oxide catalysts in a catalytic converter

    Dey S.. Materials Today Chemistry, 17 , 2020. doi: 10.1016/j.mtchem.2020.100282
  3. Synthesis of CuMnOx catalysts by novel routes for selective catalytic oxidation of carbon monoxide

    Dey S.. Computational Toxicology, 16 , 2020. doi: 10.1016/j.comtox.2020.100132
  4. Cobalt doped CuMnOx catalysts for the preferential oxidation of carbon monoxide

    Dey S.. Applied Surface Science, 127 , 2018. doi: 10.1016/j.apsusc.2018.02.048
  5. Application of hopcalite catalyst for controlling carbon monoxide emission at cold-start emission conditions

    Dey S.. Journal of Traffic and Transportation Engineering (English Edition), 6 (5), 2019. doi: 10.1016/j.jtte.2019.06.002
  6. Oxidation of: P -toluic acid to terephthalic acid via a bromine-free process using nano manganese and manganese-copper mixed oxides

    Betiha M.A.. New Journal of Chemistry, 42 (8), 2018. doi: 10.1039/c7nj04007e
  7. Low-temperature complete oxidation of CO over various manganese oxide catalysts

    Dey S.. Atmospheric Pollution Research, 9 (4), 2018. doi: 10.1016/j.apr.2018.01.020
  8. The choice of precursors in the synthesizing of CuMnOx catalysts for maximizing CO oxidation

    Dey S.. International Journal of Industrial Chemistry, 9 (3), 2018. doi: 10.1007/s40090-018-0150-7
  9. A Review of Synthesis, Structure and Applications in Hopcalite Catalysts for Carbon Monoxide Oxidation

    Dey S.. Aerosol Science and Engineering, 3 (4), 2019. doi: 10.1007/s41810-019-00046-1
  10. Effect of various metal oxides phases present in CuMnOx catalyst for selective CO oxidation

    Dey S.. Materials Discovery, 12 , 2018. doi: 10.1016/j.md.2018.11.002
  11. Copper based mixed oxide catalysts (CuMnCe, CuMnCo and CuCeZr) for the oxidation of CO at low temperature

    Dey S.. Materials Discovery, 10 , 2017. doi: 10.1016/j.md.2018.02.001
  12. Synthesis and characterization of AgCoO2 catalyst for oxidation of CO at a low temperature

    Dey S.. Polyhedron, 127 , 2018. doi: 10.1016/j.poly.2018.08.027
  13. Applications of silver nanocatalysts for low-temperature oxidation of carbon monoxide

    Dey S.. Inorganic Chemistry Communications, 110 , 2019. doi: 10.1016/j.inoche.2019.107614
  14. Copper-containing mixed metal oxides (Al, Fe, Mn) for application in three-way catalysis

    Van Everbroeck T.. Catalysts, 10 (11), 2020. doi: 10.3390/catal10111344
  15. Ceria doped CuMnOx as carbon monoxide oxidation catalysts: Synthesis and their characterization

    Dey S.. Surfaces and Interfaces, 18 , 2020. doi: 10.1016/j.surfin.2020.100456
  16. Deactivation and regeneration of hopcalite catalyst for carbon monoxide oxidation: a review

    Dey S.. Materials Today Chemistry, 14 , 2019. doi: 10.1016/j.mtchem.2019.07.002
  17. Estimation of the effect of temperature, the concentration of oxygen and catalysts on the oxidation of the thermoanthracite carbon material

    Panov Y.. Eastern-European Journal of Enterprise Technologies, 2 (6), 2019. doi: 10.15587/1729-4061.2019.162474
  18. The catalytic activity of cobalt nanoparticles for low-temperature oxidation of carbon monoxide

    Dey S.. Materials Today Chemistry, 14 , 2019. doi: 10.1016/j.mtchem.2019.100198
  19. Synthesis of silver promoted CuMnOx catalyst for ambient temperature oxidation of carbon monoxide

    Dey S.. Journal of Science: Advanced Materials and Devices, 4 (1), 2019. doi: 10.1016/j.jsamd.2019.01.008