Study of the Interaction of Heavy Metals (Cu(II), Zn(II)) Ions with a Clay Soil of the Region of Naima-Tiaret-Algeria

Taibi Mohamed  -  Laboratoire des Sciences Technologie et Génie des Procédés (L.S.T.G.P.), Faculté de chimie, Université des Sciences et de la technologie d’Oran Mohammed Boudiaf (USTO M.B.), Algeria
*Elaziouti Abdelkader orcid  -  Laboratoire des Sciences Technologie et Génie des Procédés (L.S.T.G.P.), Faculté de chimie, Université des Sciences et de la technologie d’Oran Mohammed Boudiaf (USTO M.B.), Algeria
Laouedj Nadjia  -  Laboratoire de Chimie des Matériaux Inorganiques et Application (L.C.M.I.A.), Université des Sciences et de la Technologie d’Oran Mohammed Boudiaf (USTO M.B.), Algeria
Dellal Abdelkader  -  Directeur de Laboratoire d'Agro-biotechnologie et de Nutrition en Zones Semi-arides, Université Ibn Khaldoun T, Algeria
Received: 26 Aug 2020; Revised: 9 Oct 2020; Accepted: 9 Oct 2020; Published: 28 Dec 2020; Available online: 19 Oct 2020.
Open Access Copyright (c) 2020 Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis
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The RM (RM stands for the pristine clay) collected from sites in the Naima-Tiaret-Algeria and its purified phase TM (TM stands for the treated clay) were characterized using XRF, XRD, FT−IR, SEM−EDX, and DC electrical conductivity techniques. The as-prepared clays were used as potential adsorbents for the removal of Cu2+ and Zn2+ metals ions. Highly purified clay TM, exhibiting a basal, spacing of 25.83 Å and CEC of 51 meq/100 g, was obtained. The type of interstratified I/M in the studied sites is S=1, based on the calculation method of Watanabe. The percentage of illite type S=1 is between 80−85% illite. The adsorption equilibrium was established in 60 min with the capacities of 28.57 and 24.39 mg/g for Cu2+ onto RM, 32.25 and 4.95 mg/g for Zn2+ in the presence of TM. D-R isotherm model was more suitable with the adsorption process than Freundlich and Langmuir models suggesting the ion exchange nature of the retention mechanism in most cases (E > 8 kJ/mol). Pseudo second-order model best described the kinetics of adsorption process. The adsorption mechanism was mainly monitored by ion exchange mechanism between exchangeable interlayer cations (Na) in the interstratified I/M and Cu2+ or Zn2+ metals from aqueous matrix. Further, the release of H+ ions from the edge of the layer structure in acidic environments promote the adsorption of heavy metals onto the surfaces interstratified I/M clay soils via electrostatic attraction. Copyright © 2020 BCREC Group. All rights reserved


Keywords: Interstratification Illite/Montmorillonite; Clay Soil; Heavy metals; Adsorption; Kinetics; Cu(II); Zn(II)
Funding: Directorate General for Scientific Research and Technological Development, the Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research, Algeria

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