Hydrocracking of Calophyllum inophyllum Oil Employing Co and/or Mo Supported on γ-Al2O3 for Biofuel Production

*Wega Trisunaryanti  -  Chemistry Department, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia
Triyono Triyono  -  Chemistry Department, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia
Mohammad Ali Ghoni  -  Chemistry Department, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia
Dyah Ayu Fatmawati  -  Chemistry Department, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia
Puspa Nindro Mahayuwati  -  Chemistry Department, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia
Endah Suarsih  -  Chemistry Department, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia
Received: 2 Aug 2020; Revised: 28 Sep 2020; Accepted: 29 Sep 2020; Published: 28 Dec 2020; Available online: 1 Oct 2020.
Open Access Copyright (c) 2020 Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis
License URL: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0

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Abstract

Cobalt and/or Molybdenum based catalysts were simply dispersed on γ-Al2O3 through wet impregnation. The set of prepared monometallic and bimetallic catalysts of aCoO/γ-Al2O3, aMoO/γ-Al2O3aCoOaMoO/γ-Al2O3, and bCoObMoO/γ-Al2O3 were investigated and evaluated in the hydrocracking of Calophyllum inophyllum (CIO) which is not a food crop as well as rich in unsaturated fatty acid that potential to be converted into biofuel. Out of the prepared catalysts, aCoOaMoO/γ-Al2O3 with total   metal content, acidity, and specific surface area of 13.62 wt%, 5.01 mmol.g-1, and 107.67 m2.g-1, respectively, showed the best catalytic performance. The high metal loading of aCoOaMoO/γ-Al2O3 is favorable by producing 65.56 wt% liquid fraction through carbocation formation mechanism. It was selective to produce 8.61 wt% gasoline and 5.01 wt% diesel. Copyright © 2020 BCREC Group. All rights reserved

 

Keywords: Cobalt; Molybdenum; γ-Al2O3; hydrocracking; Calophyllum inophyllum
Funding: Faculty Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Lecturer Research Grant 2020 under contract Contract number: 56/J01.1.28/PL.06.02/2020

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