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Unique Adsorption Properties of Malachite Green on Interlayer Space of Cu-Al and Cu-Al-SiW12O40 Layered Double Hydroxides

1Graduate School of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Sriwijaya, Indonesia

2Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Sriwijaya, Indonesia

3Institute of Regional Innovation, Hirosaki University, Matsubara 2-1-3, Aomori City, Aomori , Japan

4 Research Center of Inorganic Materials and Complexes, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Sriwijaya, Indonesia

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Received: 27 Jun 2020; Revised: 5 Aug 2020; Accepted: 10 Aug 2020; Available online: 20 Aug 2020; Published: 28 Dec 2020.
Editor(s): Bunjerd Jongsomjit
Open Access Copyright (c) 2020 by Authors, Published by BCREC Group under

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Cu-Al layered double hydroxide (LDH) was intercalated with Keggin ion of polyoxometalate           K4[a-SiW12O40] to form Cu-Al-SiW12O40 LDH. The obtained materials were analyzed by X-ray Diffraction (XRD), Fourier Transform Infra Red (FTIR) spectroscopy, and Brunaur-Emmett-Teller (BET) surface area analysis. Furthermore, the materials were used as adsorbents of malachite green from aqueous solution. Some variables for adsorption, such as: effect of adsorption times, malachite green concentration, and also adsorption temperature, were explored. The results showed that diffraction at 11.72° on Cu-Al LDH has interlayer distance of 7.56 Å. The intercalation of that LDH with [a-SiW12O40]4 ion resulted increasing interlayer distance to 12.10 Å. The surface area of material was also increased after intercalation from 46.2 m2/g to 89.02 m2/g. The adsorption of malachite green on Cu-Al and          Cu-Al-SiW12O40 LDHs followed pseudo second order kinetic and isotherm Langmuir model with adsorption capacity of Cu-Al and Cu-Al-SiW12O40 LDHs was 55.866 mg/g and 149.253 mg/g, respectively. That adsorption capacity is equal with increasing interlayer space and surface area properties of material after intercalation. Thus, the adsorption of malachite green on Cu-Al and Cu-Al-SiW12O40 LDHs is unique and dominantly occurred on interlayer space of LDH as active site adsorption. Copyright © 2021 by Authors, Published by BCREC Group. This is an open access article under the CC BY-SA License (

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Keywords: layered double hydroxide; Cu-Al; intercalation; adsorption; malachite green
Funding: Ministry of Education and Culture, Republik Indonesia, Hibah Disertasi Doktor under contract Contract No. 170/SP2H/AMD/LT/DRPM/2020

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