Production of Hydrocarbon (C7-C20) from Hydrocracking of Fatty Acid Methyl Esters on Pd/Al-MCM-41 Catalyst

DOI: https://doi.org/10.9767/bcrec.12.3.811.337-342
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Submitted: 21-11-2016
Published: 28-10-2017
Section: The 2nd International Seminar on Chemistry (ISoC 2016) (Surabaya, 26-27 July 2016)
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The production of hydrocarbon (C7-C20) and alcohol (C11-C19)  from fatty acid methyl esters (FAMEs) compound are produced from the transesterification of the seed oil of the Nyamplung that has been conducted by the catalytic hydrocracking using Al-MCM-41 and Pd2+-impregnated-Al-MCM-41 catalysts. The performance of catalysts were compared by various analysis including the acidity that was determined by pyridine and FTIR, the crystal structure observed by XRD, the surface area and pore volume analyzed by BET/BJH, the surface morphology observed by TEM, the metal on the surface of catalyst observed by XPS and the product of the hydrocracking analyzed by GC-MS. Hexagonal structure of the MCM-41(100) was shown in the 2θ = 3o-5o of the diffractogram. The presence of impregnated Al and Pd observed at the 2θ = 20o and 34o, respectively. The Pd/Al-MCM-41 catalyst was more acidic than Al-MCM-41 catalyst. The surface area and pore volume of the catalyst decreased after the impregnation process. The tendency of catalytic hydrocracking of hydrocarbon produced was indicated that more amount of Palladium have more hydrocarbons aliphatic than alcohol. Copyright © 2017 BCREC Group. All rights reserved

Received: 21st November 2016; Revised: 24th May 2017; Accepted: 25th May 2017; Available online: 27th October 2017; Published regularly: December 2017

How to Cite: Juwono, H., Triyono, T., Sutarno, S., Wahyuni, E.T., Harmami, H., Ulfin, I., Kurniawan, F. (2017). Production of Hydrocarbon (C7-C20) from Hydrocracking of Fatty Acid Methyl Esters on Pd/Al-MCM-41 Catalyst. Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis, 12 (3): 337-342 (doi:10.9767/bcrec.12.3.811.337-342)

 

Keywords

Biogasoline; Oil seeds; Hydrocracking; Pd/Al-MCM-41

  1. Hendro Juwono 
    Department of Chemistry, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember, Surabaya 60111,, Indonesia
  2. Triyono Triyono 
    Department of Chemistry, Sekip utara, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta,, Indonesia
  3. Sutarno Sutarno 
    Department of Chemistry, Sekip utara, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta,, Indonesia
  4. Endang Tri Wahyuni 
    Department of Chemistry, Sekip utara, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta,, Indonesia
  5. Harmami Harmami 
    Department of Chemistry, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember, Surabaya 60111,, Indonesia
  6. Ita Ulfin 
    Department of Chemistry, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember, Surabaya 60111,, Indonesia
  7. Fredy Kurniawan 
    Department of Chemistry, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember, Surabaya 60111,, Indonesia
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