Kinetics of Hydrogen Absorption and Desorption in Titanium

*Suwarno Suwarno  -  Department of Mechanical Engineering, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember, Surabaya 60111,, Indonesia
V. A. Yartys  -  Department of Materials Science and Engineering, NTNU, NO-7491, Trondheim, , Norway
Received: 21 Nov 2016; Published: 1 Dec 2017.
Open Access Copyright (c) 2017 Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Citation Format:
Cover Image
Article Info
Section: The 2nd International Seminar on Chemistry (ISoC 2016) (Surabaya, 26-27 July 2016)
Language: EN
Full Text:
Statistics: 887 794


Titanium is reactive toward hydrogen forming metal hydride which has a potential application in      energy storage and conversion. Titanium hydride has been widely studied for hydrogen storage, thermal storage, and battery electrodes applications. A special interest is using titanium for hydrogen production in a hydrogen sorption-enhanced steam reforming of natural gas. In the present work, non-isothermal dehydrogenation kinetics of titanium hydride and kinetics of hydrogenation in gaseous flow at isothermal conditions were investigated. The hydrogen desorption was studied using temperature desorption spectroscopy (TDS) while the hydrogen absorption and desorption in gaseous flow were studied by temperature programmed desorption (TPD). The present work showed that the path of dehydrogenation of the TiH2 is d®b®a hydride phase with possible overlapping steps occurred. The fast hydrogen desorption rate observed at the TDS main peak temperature were correlated with the fast transformation of the d-TiH1.41 to b-TiH0.59. In the gaseous flow, hydrogen absorption and desorption were related to the transformation of b-TiH0.59 Û d-TiH1.41 with 2 wt.% hydrogen reversible content. Copyright © 2017 BCREC Group. All rights reserved

Received: 21st November 2016; Revised: 20th March 2017; Accepted: 9th April 2017; Available online: 27th October 2017; Published regularly: December 2017

How to Cite: Suwarno, S., Yartys, V.A. (2017). Kinetics of Hydrogen Absorption and Desorption in Titanium. Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis, 12 (3): 312-317  (doi:10.9767/bcrec.12.3.810.312-317)



hydrogen absorption; kinetics; titanium; dehydrogenation

Article Metrics:

  1. Lee, H.-H., Lee, K.-Y., Lee, J.-Y. (1996). The Ti-Based Metal Hydride Electrode for Ni-MH Rechargeable Batteries. Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 239(1): 63-70.
  2. Kawahito, K., Zeng, L., Ichikawa, T., Miyaoka, H., Kojima, Y. (2016). Electrochemical Performance of Titanium Hydride for Bulk-Type All-Solid-State Lithium-Ion Batteries. Materials Transactions. 57(5): 755-757.
  3. Aymard, L., Oumellal, Y., Bonnet, J.-P. (2015). Metal Hydrides: An Innovative and Challenging Conversion Reaction Anode for Lithium-Ion Batteries. Beilstein Journal of Nanotechnology, 6(1): 1821-1839.
  4. Yakel, H. (1958). Thermocrystallography of Higher Hydrides of Titanium and Zirconium. Acta Crystallographica, 11(1): 46-51.
  5. Haag, R., Shipko, F. (1956). The Titanium-Hydrogen System. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 78(20): 5155-5159.
  6. Liu, H., He, P., Feng, J.C., Cao, J. (2009). Kinetic Study on Nonisothermal Dehydrogenation of TiH2 Powders. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 34(7): 3018-3025.
  7. Borchers, C., Khomenko, T.I., Leonov, A.V., Morozova, O.S. (2009). Interrupted Thermal Desorption of TiH2. Thermochimica Acta, 493(1-2): 80-84.
  8. Kennedy, A., Lopez, V. (2003). The Decomposition Behavior of as-Received and Oxidized TiH2 Foaming-Agent Powder. Materials Science and Engineering: A, 357(1): 258-263.
  9. Bhosle, V., Baburaj, E.G., Miranova, M., Salama, K. (2003). Dehydrogenation of TiH2. Materials Science and Engineering: A, 356(1-2): 190-199.
  10. Yang, D., Hur, B., He, D., Yang, S. (2007). Effect of Decomposition Properties of Titanium Hydride on the Foaming Process and Pore Structures of Al Alloy Melt Foam. Materials Science and Engineering: A, 445: 415-426.
  11. Suwarno, S., Solberg, J.K., Mæhlen, J.P., Denys, R.V., Krogh, B., Ochoa-Fernández, E. et al. (2013). Non-isothermal kinetics and in situ SR XRD studies of hydrogen desorption from dihydrides of binary Ti-V alloys. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 38: 14704-14714
  12. Kobzenko, G., Kobzenko, A., Chubenko, M., Pet’kov, V., Polenur, A. (1995). Crystal Structure Change of Titanium Hydride Desorption Products in Helium. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 20(5): 383-386.
  13. Matijasevic-Lux, B., Banhart, J., Fiechter, S., Görke, O., Wanderka, N. (2006). Modification of Titanium Hydride for Improved Aluminium Foam Manufacture. Acta Materialia, 54(7): 1887-1900.
  14. Jiménez, C., Garcia-Moreno, F., Pfretzschner, B., Klaus, M., Wollgarten, M., Zizak, I., Schumacher, G., Tovar, M., Banhart, J. (2011). Decomposition of TiH 2 Studied in Situ by Synchrotron X-Ray and Neutron Diffraction. Acta Materialia, 59(16): 6318-6330.
  15. Hirooka, Y., Miyake, M., Sano, T. (1981). A Study of Hydrogen Absorption and Desorption by Titanium. Journal of Nuclear Materials, 96(3): 227-232.