Direct Synthesis of Highly Crystalline ZSM-5 from Indonesian Kaolin

DOI: https://doi.org/10.9767/bcrec.12.2.809.251-255
Copyright (c) 2017 Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Cover Image

Article Metrics: (Click on the Metric tab below to see the detail)

Article Info
Submitted: 21-11-2016
Published: 01-08-2017
Section: The 2nd International Seminar on Chemistry (ISoC 2016) (Surabaya, 26-27 July 2016)
Fulltext PDF Tell your colleagues Email the author

Direct synthesis of ZSM-5 from Indonesian kaolin without calcination for the formation of metakaolin was done through the addition of an alkaline solution (sodium fluoride and sodium hydroxide) and the fusion using sodium hydroxide. Crystallization was conducted through hydrothermal method at 80 °C for four days. XRD diffractogram and FTIR spectra showed that the addition of sodium fluoride solution in the ratio Si/Al = 100 could produce highly crystalline ZSM-5, whereas the use of a sodium hydroxide solution and fusion process did not produce the crystalline ZSM-5. Copyright © 2017 BCREC Group. All rights reserved.

Received: 21st November 2016; Revised: 30th December 2016; Accepted: 18th February 2017

How to Cite: Hartati, H., Widati, A.A., Dewi, T.K., Prasetyoko, D. (2017). Direct Synthesis of Highly Crystalline ZSM-5 from Indonesian Kaolin. Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis, 12 (2): 251-255 (doi:10.9767/bcrec.12.2.809.251-255)

Permalink/DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.9767/bcrec.12.2.809.251-255

Keywords

synthesis of ZSM-5; kaolin; without calcination; sodium fluoride

  1. Hartati Hartati 
    Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science and Technology, Universitas Airlangga, Kampus C Unair, Jl. Mulyorejo, Surabaya, 60115,, Indonesia
  2. Alfa Akustia Widati 
    Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science and Technology, Universitas Airlangga, Kampus C Unair, Jl. Mulyorejo, Surabaya, 60115,, Indonesia
  3. Tanti Kartika Dewi 
    Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science and Technology, Universitas Airlangga, Kampus C Unair, Jl. Mulyorejo, Surabaya, 60115,, Indonesia
  4. Didik Prasetyoko 
    Department of Chemistry, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember, Keputih, Surabaya, 60115,, Indonesia
  1. Niwa, M., Katada, N., and Okumura, K. (2010). Characterization and Design of Zeolite Catalysts. Springer Heidelberg Dordrecht.
  2. Hagen, J., (2006). Industrial Catalysis. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA
  3. Bellussi, G., Carati, A., Millini, R., (2010). Industrial Potential of Zeolites. In Zeolites and Catalysis Synthesis, Reactions and Applications, 473-478. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA
  4. Zhu, H., Liu, Z., Kong, D., Wang, Y., Yuan, X., Xie, Z., (2009). Synthesis of ZSM-5 with Intracrystal or Intercrystal Mesopores by Polyvinyl Butyral Templating Method. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 331: 432-438
  5. Ding, J., Liu, H., Yuan, P., Shi, G., Bao, X., (2012). Catalytic Properties of a Hierarchical Zeolite Synthesized from a Natural Aluminosilicate Mineral without the Use of a Secondary Mesoscale Template. ChemCatChem, 5: 1-13.
  6. Liu, B., Li, C., Ren, Y.,Tan, Y., Xi, H., Qian, Y. (2012). Direct Synthesis of Mesoporous ZSM-5 Zeolite by a Dual-Functional Surfactant Approach. Chemical Engineering Journal, 210: 96-102
  7. Prasetyoko D., Ayunanda, N., Fansuri, H., Hartanto, D., Ramli, Z. (2012). Phase Transformation of Rice Husk Ash in the Synthesis of ZSM-5 without Organic Template. ITB Journal of Science, 44A(3): 250-262
  8. Atta, A.Y., Ajayi, O.A., Adefila, S.S. (2007). Synthesis of Faujasite Zeolites from Kankara Clay. Journal of Applied Sciences Research, 3: 1017-1021
  9. Pan, F., Lu, X., Wang, Y., Chen, S., Wang, T., Yan, Y. (2014). Organic Template-Free Synthesis of ZSM-5 Zeolite from Coal-Series Kaolinite. Materials Letters, 115: 5-8
  10. Hartati, H., Widati, A., Setyawati, H., Fitri, S., (2016). Preparation of Hierarchical ZSM-5 from Indonesian Kaolin by Adding Silica. Chemistry & Chemical Technology, 10(1): 87- 90
  11. Aguilar-Mamani, W., García, G., Hedlund, J., Mouzon, J. (2014). Comparison between Leached Metakaolin and Leached Diatomaceous Earth as Raw Materials for the Synthesis of ZSM-5. SpringerPlus, 3: 292-302
  12. Ye, L., Xianbo, Y., Lei, Q., Jingdai, W., Yongrong, Y. (2010). In-situ Synthesis of ZSM-5 Zeolite from Metakaolin/Spinel and Its Catalytic Performance on Methanol Conversion. China Petroleum Processing and Petrochemical Technology, 12(1): 23-28
  13. Ríos, C.A., Williams, C.D., Fullen, M.A. (2009). Nucleation and Growth History of Zeolite LTA Synthesized from Kaolinite by Two Different Methods. Applied Clay Science, 42: 446-454
  14. Eimer, G.A., Diaz, I., Sastre, E., Casuscelli, G.S., Crivello, M.E., Herrero, E.R, Periente, J. (2008). Mesoporous Titanosilicates Synthesized from TS-1 Precursors with Enhanced Catalytic, Applied Catalysis A: General, 34: 77-86
  15. Gonçalves, M.L., Dimitrov, L.D., Jordão, M.H., Wallau, M., Urquieta-González, E.A. (2008). Synthesis of Mesoporous ZSM-5 by Crystallisation of Aged Gels in the Presence of Cetyltrimethylammonium Cations. Catalysis Today, 133: 69-79
  16. Zhao, H., Deng, Y., Harsh, J.B., Flury, M., Boyle, J.S. (2004). Alteration of Kaolinite to Cancrinite and Sodalite by Simulated Hanford Tank Waste and Its Impact on Cesium Retention. Clays and Clay Minerals, 52(1): 1-13
  17. Abrishamkar, M., Kahkeshi, F.B., (2013). Synthesis and Characterization of Nano-ZSM-5 Zeolite and Its Application for Electrocatalytic Oxidation of Formaldehyde over Modified Carbon Paste Electrode with Ion Exchanged Synthesized Zeolite in Alkaline Media. Microporous and Mesoporous Materials, 167: 51-54
  18. Corma, A., (2004). Towards a Rationalization of Zeolite and Zeolitic Materials Synthesis. Studies in Surface Science and Catalysis, 154(1): 25-40