Performance of Platinum Nanoparticles / Multiwalled Carbon Nanotubes / Bacterial Cellulose Composite as Anode Catalyst for Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells

DOI: https://doi.org/10.9767/bcrec.12.2.803.287-292
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Submitted: 21-11-2016
Published: 01-08-2017
Section: The 2nd International Seminar on Chemistry (ISoC 2016) (Surabaya, 26-27 July 2016)
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Highly dispersed platinum (Pt) nanoparticles / multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) on bacterial cellulose (BC) as anode catalysts for proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFC) were prepared with various precursors and their electro-catalytic activities towards hydrogen oxidation at 70 oC under non-humidified conditions. The composite was prepared by deposition of Pt nanoparticles and MWCNTs on BC gel by impregnation method using a water solution of metal precursors and MWCNTs followed by reducing reaction using a hydrogen gas. The composite was characterized by using TEM (transmission electron microscopy), EDS (energy dispersive spectroscopy), and XRD (X-ray diffractometry) techniques. TEM images and XRD patterns both lead to the observation of spherical metallic Pt nanoparticles with mean diameter of 3-11 nm well impregnated into the BC fibrils. Preliminary tests on a single cell indicate that renewable BC is a good prospect to be explored as a membrane in fuel cell field. Copyright © 2017 BCREC Group. All rights reserved

Received: 21st November 2016; Revised: 26th February 2017; Accepted: 27th February 2017

How to Cite: Aritonang, H.F., Kamu, V.S., Ciptati, C., Onggo, D., Radiman, C.L. (2017). Performance of Platinum Nanoparticles / Multiwalled Carbon Nanotubes / Bacterial Cellulose Composite as Anode Catalyst for Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells. Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis, 12 (2): 287-292 (doi:10.9767/bcrec.12.2.803.287-292)

Permalink/DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.9767/bcrec.12.2.803.287-292

 

Keywords

Type of Precursors; Anode Catalyst; Platinum Nanoparticles/Multiwalled Carbon Nanotubes/Bacterial Cellulose; Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell

  1. Henry Fonda Aritonang 
    Physical Chemistry Division, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Sam Ratulangi University, Jalan Kampus UNSRAT Kleak, Manado 95115, Indonesia
  2. Vanda Selvana Kamu 
    Organic Chemistry Division, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Sam Ratulangi University, Jalan Kampus UNSRAT Kleak, Manado 95115, Indonesia
  3. Ciptati Ciptati 
    Organic Chemistry Division, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Jalan Ganesha 10, Bandung 40132,, Indonesia
  4. Djulia Onggo 
    Inorganic and Physical Chemistry Division, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Jalan Ganesha 10, Bandung 40132, Indonesia
  5. Cynthia L. Radiman 
    Inorganic and Physical Chemistry Division, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Jalan Ganesha 10, Bandung 40132, Indonesia
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