The Effect of Mesoporous H-ZSM-5 Crystallinity as a CaO Support on the Transesterification of Used Cooking Oil

DOI: https://doi.org/10.9767/bcrec.12.3.802.329-336
Copyright (c) 2017 Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Cover Image

Article Metrics: (Click on the Metric tab below to see the detail)

Article Info
Submitted: 21-11-2016
Published: 28-10-2017
Section: The 2nd International Seminar on Chemistry (ISoC 2016) (Surabaya, 26-27 July 2016)
Fulltext PDF Tell your colleagues Email the author

Transesterification of used cooking oil was carried out over calcium oxide supported on mesoporous H-ZSM-5 prepared from kaolin as solid base catalysts. Solid basic catalysts investigated in this study were characterized by XRD, FTIR spectroscopy, and N2 adsorption-desorption techniques. The XRD pattern showed peaks corresponding to the CaO and mesoporous ZSM-5 in the sample. The peak intensity of the CaO increased as CaO loading in ZSM-5 was increased. The characterization based on FTIR spectroscopy revealed that CaO/H-ZSM-5 solids have functional groups characteristics of both CaO and mesoporous H-ZSM-5 which appeared in the band at around  550 cm-1 and 480 cm-1. The isotherm of N2 adsorption-desorption of CaO/H-ZSM-5 indicated the type IV isotherm with the presence of hysteresis loop. For the catalytic activity, the biodiesel yield using catalyst of 10 % CaO/HZSM-5 (100 %), 30 % CaO/HZSM-5 (100 %), 50 % CaO/HZSM-5 (100 %) were 24.34, 27.37, and 29.73 %, respectively. It also related with the basic active site, when loading CaO increased, the basic active site also increased. Copyright © 2017 BCREC Group. All rights reserved

Received: 21st November 2016; Revised: 8th March 2017; Accepted: 9th March 2017; Available online: 27th October 2017; Published regularly: December 2017

How to Cite: Purnamasari, A.P., Sari, M.E.F., Kusumaningtyas, D.T., Suprapto, S., Hamid, A., Prasetyoko, D. (2017). The Effect of Mesoporous H-ZSM-5 Crystallinity as a CaO Support on the Transesterification of Used Cooking Oil. Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis, 12(3): 329-336 (doi:10.9767/bcrec.12.3.802.329-336)

 

Keywords

CaO/H-ZSM-5; Zeolite; Mesoporous; Cooking Oil; Transesterification

  1. Amalia Putri Purnamasari 
    Department of Chemistry, Institut Tekonologi Sepuluh Nopember, Surabaya 60111,, Indonesia
  2. Meyga E. F. Sari 
    Department of Chemistry, Institut Tekonologi Sepuluh Nopember, Surabaya 60111,
  3. Desy T. Kusumaningtyas 
    Department of Chemistry, Institut Tekonologi Sepuluh Nopember, Surabaya 60111,, Indonesia
  4. Suprapto Suprapto 
    Department of Chemistry, Institut Tekonologi Sepuluh Nopember, Surabaya 60111,, Indonesia
  5. Abdul Hamid 
    Department of Chemistry, Institut Tekonologi Sepuluh Nopember, Surabaya 60111,, Indonesia
  6. Didik Prasetyoko  Scholar
    (Scopus ID: 6507890461) Department of Chemistry, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember, Surabaya, 60111 Laboratory of Energy, Center for Energy Studies, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember, Surabaya,, Indonesia
  1. Kansedo, J., Lee, K.T., Bhatia, S. (2009). Cerbera Odollam (Sea Mango) Oil as A Promising Non-Edible Feedstock for Biodiesel Production. Fuel, 88: 1148-1150.
  2. Holilah, Prasetyoko, D., Oetami, T.P., Santosa, E.B., Zein, Y.M., Bahruji, H., Ediati, R.,Fansuri, H., Juwari. (2015). The Potential of Reutealis Trisperma Seed as A New Non-Edible Source for Biodiesel Production. Biomass Conversion and Biorefinery, 5: 347-353.
  3. Wang, Y., Chou, H., Chen, B., Lee, D. (2013). Optimization of Sodium Loading on Zeolite Support for Catalyzed Transesterification of Triolein with Methanol. Bioresource Technology, 145: 1-6.
  4. Yan, S., Lu, H., Liang, B. (2008). Supported CaO Catalysts Used in the Transesterification of Rapeseed Oil for the Purpose of Biodiesel Production. Energy & Fuels, 22: 646-651.
  5. Witoon, T., Bumrungsale, S., Vathavanichkul, P., Palitsakun, S., Saisriyoot, M., Faungnawakij, K. (2014). Biodiesel Production from Transesterification of Palm Oil with Methanol over CaO Supported on Bimodal Meso-Macroporous Silica Catalyst. Bioresource Technology, 156: 329-334.
  6. Samart, C., Chaiyan, C., Reubroycharoen, P. (2010). Biodiesel Production by Methanolysis of Soybean Oil Using Calcium Supported on Mesoporous Silica Catalyst. Energy Conversion and Management, 51: 1428-1431.
  7. Zabeti, M., Daud, W., Aroua, M.K. (2010). Biodiesel Production Using Alumina-Supported Calcium Oxide: An Optimization Study. Fuel Processing Technology, 91: 243-248.
  8. Demirbas, A. (1998). Fuel Properties and Calculation of Higher Heating Values of Vegetable Oils. Fuel, 771: 117-120.
  9. Schuchardt, U., Sercheli, R., Vargas, R.M. (1998). Transesterification of Vegetable Oils: A Review. Brazilian Chemical Society, 9: 199-210.
  10. Qoniah, I., Prasetyoko, D., Bahruji, H., Triwahyono, S., Jalil, A.A., Suprapto, Hartati, Purbaningtyas, T.E. (2015). Direct Synthesis of Mesoporous Aluminosilicates from Indonesian Kaolin Clay without Calcinations. Applied Clay Science, 118: 290-294.
  11. Zein, Y.M., Anal, A.K., Prasetyoko, D., Qoniah, I. (2016). Biodiesel Production from Waste Palm Oil Catalyzed by Hierarchical ZSM-5 Supported Calcium Oxide. Indonesian Journal of Chemistry, 16: 98-104.
  12. Gonçalves, M.L., Dimitrov, L.D., Jordão, M.H., Wallau, M., Urquieta-González, E.A. (2008). Synthesis of Mesoporous ZSM-5 by Crystallisation of Aged Gels in the Presence of Cetyltrimethylammonium Cations. Catalysis Today, 133-134: 69-79.
  13. Pasupulety, N., Gunda, K., Liu, Y., Rempel, G.L., Flora, T.T.Ng. (2013). Production of Biodiesel from Soybean Oil on CaO/Al2O3 Solid Base Catalysts. Applied Catalysis A General, 452: 189-202.
  14. Granados, M.L., Poves, M.D.Z., Alonso, D.M., Mariscal, R., Galisteo, F.C., Moreno-Tost, R. (2007). Biodiesel from Sunflower Oil by Using Activated Calcium Oxide. Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, 73: 317-326.
  15. Albuquerque, M.C.G., Jimenez-Urbistonde, I., Santamarıa-Gonzalez, J., Merida-Robles, J.M., Moreno-Tost, R., Rodrıguez-Castellon, E., Jimenez-Lopez, A., Azevedo, D.C.S., Cavalcante Jr, C.L., Maireles-Torres, P. (2008). CaO Supported on Mesoporous Silicas as Basic Catalysts for Transesterification Reactions. Applied Catalyst A General, 334: 35-43.