The Effect of Mesoporous H-ZSM-5 Crystallinity as a CaO Support on the Transesterification of Used Cooking Oil

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Submitted: 21-11-2016
Published: 28-10-2017
Section: The 2nd International Seminar on Chemistry (ISoC 2016) (Surabaya, 26-27 July 2016)
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Transesterification of used cooking oil was carried out over calcium oxide supported on mesoporous H-ZSM-5 prepared from kaolin as solid base catalysts. Solid basic catalysts investigated in this study were characterized by XRD, FTIR spectroscopy, and N2 adsorption-desorption techniques. The XRD pattern showed peaks corresponding to the CaO and mesoporous ZSM-5 in the sample. The peak intensity of the CaO increased as CaO loading in ZSM-5 was increased. The characterization based on FTIR spectroscopy revealed that CaO/H-ZSM-5 solids have functional groups characteristics of both CaO and mesoporous H-ZSM-5 which appeared in the band at around  550 cm-1 and 480 cm-1. The isotherm of N2 adsorption-desorption of CaO/H-ZSM-5 indicated the type IV isotherm with the presence of hysteresis loop. For the catalytic activity, the biodiesel yield using catalyst of 10 % CaO/HZSM-5 (100 %), 30 % CaO/HZSM-5 (100 %), 50 % CaO/HZSM-5 (100 %) were 24.34, 27.37, and 29.73 %, respectively. It also related with the basic active site, when loading CaO increased, the basic active site also increased. Copyright © 2017 BCREC Group. All rights reserved

Received: 21st November 2016; Revised: 8th March 2017; Accepted: 9th March 2017; Available online: 27th October 2017; Published regularly: December 2017

How to Cite: Purnamasari, A.P., Sari, M.E.F., Kusumaningtyas, D.T., Suprapto, S., Hamid, A., Prasetyoko, D. (2017). The Effect of Mesoporous H-ZSM-5 Crystallinity as a CaO Support on the Transesterification of Used Cooking Oil. Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis, 12(3): 329-336 (doi:10.9767/bcrec.12.3.802.329-336)



CaO/H-ZSM-5; Zeolite; Mesoporous; Cooking Oil; Transesterification

  1. Amalia Putri Purnamasari 
    Department of Chemistry, Institut Tekonologi Sepuluh Nopember, Surabaya 60111,, Indonesia
  2. Meyga E. F. Sari 
    Department of Chemistry, Institut Tekonologi Sepuluh Nopember, Surabaya 60111,
  3. Desy T. Kusumaningtyas 
    Department of Chemistry, Institut Tekonologi Sepuluh Nopember, Surabaya 60111,, Indonesia
  4. Suprapto Suprapto 
    Department of Chemistry, Institut Tekonologi Sepuluh Nopember, Surabaya 60111,, Indonesia
  5. Abdul Hamid 
    Department of Chemistry, Institut Tekonologi Sepuluh Nopember, Surabaya 60111,, Indonesia
  6. Didik Prasetyoko  Scholar
    (Scopus ID: 6507890461) Department of Chemistry, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember, Surabaya, 60111 Laboratory of Energy, Center for Energy Studies, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember, Surabaya,, Indonesia
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