The Effect of Mesoporous H-ZSM-5 Crystallinity as a CaO Support on the Transesterification of Used Cooking Oil

Amalia Putri Purnamasari -  Department of Chemistry, Institut Tekonologi Sepuluh Nopember, Surabaya 60111,, Indonesia
Meyga E. F. Sari -  Department of Chemistry, Institut Tekonologi Sepuluh Nopember, Surabaya 60111,
Desy T. Kusumaningtyas -  Department of Chemistry, Institut Tekonologi Sepuluh Nopember, Surabaya 60111,, Indonesia
Suprapto Suprapto -  Department of Chemistry, Institut Tekonologi Sepuluh Nopember, Surabaya 60111,, Indonesia
Abdul Hamid -  Department of Chemistry, Institut Tekonologi Sepuluh Nopember, Surabaya 60111,, Indonesia
*Didik Prasetyoko -  (Scopus ID: 6507890461) Department of Chemistry, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember, Surabaya, 60111 Laboratory of Energy, Center for Energy Studies, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember, Surabaya,, Indonesia
Received: 21 Nov 2016; Published: 28 Oct 2017.
Open Access Copyright (c) 2017 Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis
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Section: The 2nd International Seminar on Chemistry (ISoC 2016) (Surabaya, 26-27 July 2016)
Language: EN
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Abstract

Transesterification of used cooking oil was carried out over calcium oxide supported on mesoporous H-ZSM-5 prepared from kaolin as solid base catalysts. Solid basic catalysts investigated in this study were characterized by XRD, FTIR spectroscopy, and N2 adsorption-desorption techniques. The XRD pattern showed peaks corresponding to the CaO and mesoporous ZSM-5 in the sample. The peak intensity of the CaO increased as CaO loading in ZSM-5 was increased. The characterization based on FTIR spectroscopy revealed that CaO/H-ZSM-5 solids have functional groups characteristics of both CaO and mesoporous H-ZSM-5 which appeared in the band at around  550 cm-1 and 480 cm-1. The isotherm of N2 adsorption-desorption of CaO/H-ZSM-5 indicated the type IV isotherm with the presence of hysteresis loop. For the catalytic activity, the biodiesel yield using catalyst of 10 % CaO/HZSM-5 (100 %), 30 % CaO/HZSM-5 (100 %), 50 % CaO/HZSM-5 (100 %) were 24.34, 27.37, and 29.73 %, respectively. It also related with the basic active site, when loading CaO increased, the basic active site also increased. Copyright © 2017 BCREC Group. All rights reserved

Received: 21st November 2016; Revised: 8th March 2017; Accepted: 9th March 2017; Available online: 27th October 2017; Published regularly: December 2017

How to Cite: Purnamasari, A.P., Sari, M.E.F., Kusumaningtyas, D.T., Suprapto, S., Hamid, A., Prasetyoko, D. (2017). The Effect of Mesoporous H-ZSM-5 Crystallinity as a CaO Support on the Transesterification of Used Cooking Oil. Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis, 12(3): 329-336 (doi:10.9767/bcrec.12.3.802.329-336)

 

Keywords
CaO/H-ZSM-5; Zeolite; Mesoporous; Cooking Oil; Transesterification

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