Rapid Alcoholysis of Jatropha Curcas Oil for Biodiesel Production Using Ultrasound Irradiation

DOI: https://doi.org/10.9767/bcrec.12.3.801.306-311
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Submitted: 21-11-2016
Published: 01-12-2017
Section: The 2nd International Seminar on Chemistry (ISoC 2016) (Surabaya, 26-27 July 2016)
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The biodiesel synthesis through alcoholysis process of triglyceride from Jatropha curcas using different type of alcohol, such as: methanol, ethanol, isopropyl alcohol and tert-butanol, was conducted in the presence of potassium hydroxide (KOH) as catalyst under 35 kHz frequency ultrasound irradiation. The optimum conditions, such as: alcohol to jatropha oil molar ratio, concentration of catalyst, reaction temperature, and reaction time, were found  to be 7:1 of alcohol to jatropha oil molar ratio, 0.5 % of KOH, temperature of reaction at 35 0C, within the reaction times of 15 minutes. The results obtained for the different types of alcohol were 62.77 %, 57.93 %, 51.64 %, and 46.77 % for methanol, ethanol, isopropyl alcohol, and tert-butanol, respectively. Copyright © 2017 BCREC Group. All rights reserved

Received: 11st November 2016; Revised: 8th March 2017; Accepted: 9th March 2017; Available online: 27th October 2017; Published regularly: December 2017

How to Cite: Irwan, M., Saidi, H., Rachman, M.A., Ramli, R., Marlinda, M. (2017). Rapid Alcoholysis of Jatropha Curcas Oil for Biodiesel Production Using Ultrasound Irradiation. Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis, 12 (3): 306-311 (doi:10.9767/bcrec.12.3.801.306-311)

 

Keywords

Alcoholysis; Jatropha Oil; Biodiesel; Ultrasound

  1. Muh. Irwan 
    Department of Chemical Engineering, Politeknik Negeri Samarinda, Jln. Dr. Ciptomangunkusumo, Kampus Gunung Lipan, Samarinda 75131,, Indonesia
  2. Hamdani Saidi 
    Institute of Hydrogen Economy (IHE), Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Jalan Sultan Yahya Petra, Kuala Lumpur 54100,, Malaysia
  3. M. A. Rachman 
    Agency for Assesment and Application of Technology, BPPT, Kawasan Puspiptek Serpong, Tangerang 15314,, Indonesia
  4. Ramli Ramli 
    Department of Chemical Engineering, Politeknik Negeri Samarinda, Jln. Dr. Ciptomangunkusumo, Kampus Gunung Lipan, Samarinda 75131,, Indonesia
  5. Marlinda Marlinda 
    Department of Chemical Engineering, Politeknik Negeri Samarinda, Jln. Dr. Ciptomangunkusumo, Kampus Gunung Lipan, Samarinda 75131,, Indonesia
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