Hydrocracking of Non-edible Vegetable Oils with Co-Ni/HZSM-5 Catalyst to Gasoil Containing Aromatics

*Danawati Hari Prajitno -  Laboratory of Chemical Engineering Reaction, Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Industrial Technology, Sepuluh Nopember Institute of Technology, Surabaya 60111,, Indonesia
Achmad Roesyadi -  Laboratory of Chemical Engineering Reaction, Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Industrial Technology, Sepuluh Nopember Institute of Technology, Surabaya 60111, Indonesia
Muhammad Al-Muttaqii -  Laboratory of Chemical Engineering Reaction, Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Industrial Technology, Sepuluh Nopember Institute of Technology, Surabaya 60111,, Indonesia
Lenny Marlinda -  Laboratory of Chemical Engineering Reaction, Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Industrial Technology, Sepuluh Nopember Institute of Technology, Surabaya 60111,, Indonesia
Received: 21 Nov 2016; Published: 28 Oct 2017.
Open Access Copyright (c) 2017 Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Citation Format:
Cover Image
Article Info
Section: The 2nd International Seminar on Chemistry (ISoC 2016) (Surabaya, 26-27 July 2016)
Language: EN
Full Text:
Statistics: 385 390
Abstract

Biofuel has been considered as one of the environmentally friendly energy sources to substitute fossil fuel derived from non-edible vegetable oil. This research aims to investigate the effect of the non-edible vegetable oil composition on a specific hydrocarbons distribution contained in biofuel and the aromatics formation through hydrocracking reaction with the Co-Ni/HZSM-5 catalyst. The formation of aromatics from non-edible vegetable oils, such as: Cerbera manghas, rubber seed, and sunan candlenut oils, containing saturated, mono- and polyunsaturated fatty acids is presented. The hydrocracking reaction was carried out in a pressure batch reactor, a reaction temperature of 350 oC for 2 h, reactor pressure of 15 bar after flowing H2 for 1 hour, and a catalyst/oil ratio of 1 g/200 mL. Liquid hydrocarbon product was analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Based on the GC-MS analysis, hydrocracking on three different oils indicated that polyunsaturated fatty acids were required to produce relatively high aromatics content. The sunan candlenut oil can be converted to gasoil range hydrocarbons containing a small amount of aromatic through hydrocracking reaction. Meanwhile, the aromatics in liquid product from hydrocracking of Cerbera manghas and rubber seed oils were not found. Copyright © 2017 BCREC Group. All rights reserved.

Received: 21st November 2016; Revised: 9th May 2017; Accepted: 20th May 2017; Available online: 27th October 2017; Published regularly: December 2017

How to Cite: Prajitno, D.H., Roesyadi, A., Al-Muttaqii, M., Marlinda, L. (2017). Hydrocracking of Non-edible Vegetable Oils with Co-Ni/HZSM-5 Catalyst to Gasoil Containing Aromatics. Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis, 12(3):318-328 (doi:10.9767/bcrec.12.3.799.318-328)

 

Keywords
hydrocracking; non-edible vegetable oil; aromatics; gasoil; Co-Ni/HZSM-5 catalyst

Article Metrics:

  1. Rabaev, M., Landau, M.V., Vidruk-Nehemya, R., Koukouliev, V., Zarchin, R., Herskowitz, M. (2015). Conversion of Vegetable Oils on Pt/Al2O3/SAPO-11 to Diesel and Jet Fuels Containing Aromatics. Fuel, 161: 287-294.
  2. Atabani, A.E., Silitonga, A.S., Ong, H.C., Mahlia, T.M.I., Masjuki, H.H., Badruddin, I. A., Fayaz, H. (2013). Non-Edible Vegetable Oils: A Critical Evaluation of Oil Extraction, Fatty Acid Compositions, Biodiesel Production, Characteristics, Engine Performance and Emissions Production. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 18: 211-245.
  3. Gui, M.M., Lee, K.T., Bhatia, S. (2008). Feasibility of Edible Oil vs. Non-Edible Oil vs. Waste Edible Oil as Biodiesel Feedstock. Energy, 33: 1646-1653.
  4. Kim, S.K., Han, J.Y., Lee, H., Yum, T., Kim, Y., Kim, J. (2014). Production of Renewable Diesel via Catalytic Deoxygenation of Natural Triglycerides: Comprehensive Understanding of Reaction Intermediates and Hydrocarbons. Applied Energy, 116: 199-205.
  5. Pinto, F., Martins, M., Gonçalves, M., Costa, P., Gulyurtlu, I., Alves, A., Mendes, B. (2013) Hydrogenation of Rapeseed Oil for Production of Liquid Bio-Chemicals. Applied Energy, 102: 272-282.
  6. Verma, D., Rana, B.S., Kumar, R., Sibi, M.G., Sinh, A.K.. (2015). Diesel and Aviation Kerosene with Desired Aromatics from Hydroprocessing of Jatropha Oil over Hydrogenation Catalysts Supported on Hierarchical Mesoporous SAPO-11. Applied Catalysis A: General, 490: 108-116.
  7. Marlinda, L., Al-Muttaqii, M., Roesyadi, A., Danawati, H.P. (2016). Production of Biofuel by Hydrocracking of Cerbera Manghas Oil Using Co-Ni/HZSM-5 Catalyst: Effect of Reaction Temperature. J. Pure App. Chem. Res., 5(3): 189-195.
  8. Al-Muttaqii, M., Marlinda, L., Roesyadi, A., Danawati, H.P. (2017) Co-Ni/HZSM-5 Catalyst for Hydrocracking of Sunan Candlenut Oil (Reutealis trisperma (Blanco) Airy Shaw) for Production of Biofuel. J. Pure App. Chem. Res., 6(2): 84-92.
  9. Santillan-Jimenez, E and Crocker, M. (2012). Catalytic Deoxygenation of Fatty Acids and their Derivatives to Hydrocarbon Fuels via Decarboxylation/Decarbonylation. J. Chem. Technol. Biotechnol., 87: 1041-1050.
  10. Veriansyah, B., Han, J.Y., Kim, S.K., Hong, S., Kim, Y.J., Lim, J.S., Shu, Y.W., Oh, S., Kim, J. (2012). Production of Renewable Diesel by Hydroprocessing of Soybean Oil: Effect of Catalysts. Fuel, 94: 578-585.
  11. Satyarthi, J.K. and Srinivas, D. (2011). Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopic Method for Monitoring Hydroprocessing of Vegetable Oils to Produce Hydrocarbon-Based Biofuel. Energy Fuels, 25: 3318-3322.
  12. Liu, C., Liu, J., Zhou, G., Tian, W., Rong, L. (2013). A Cleaner Process for Hydrocracking of Jatropha Oil into Green Diesel. Journal of the Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers, 44: 221-227.
  13. Marlinda, L., Al-Muttaqii, M., Gunardi, I., Roesyadi, A., Danawati, H.P. (2017). Hydrocracking of Cerbera manghas Oil with Co-Ni/HZSM-5 as Double Promoted Catalyst. Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis, 12(2): 167-184.
  14. Rismawati, R., Prihartantyo, A., Mahfud, M., Roesyadi, A. (2015). Hydrocracking of Calo-phyllum inophyllum Oil with Non-Sulfide CoMo Catalysts. Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis, 10(1): 61-69.
  15. Vitale, G., Molero, H., Hernandez, E., Aquino, S., Birss, V., Pereira-Almao, P. (2013). One-pot Preparation and Characterization of Bifunctional Ni-Containing ZSM-5 Catalyst. Applied Catalyst A : General, 452: 75-87.
  16. Zheng, X., Chang, J., Fu, Y. (2015). One-pot Catalytic Hydrocracking of Diesel Distillate and Residual Oil Fractions Obtained from Bio-Oil to Gasoline-Range Hydrocarbon Fuel. Fuel, 157: 107-114.
  17. García-Dávila, J., Ocaranza-Sánchez, E., Rojas-López, M., Muñoz-Arroyo, J.A., Ramírez, J., Martínez-Ayala, A.L. (2014). Jatropha curcas L. Oil Hydroconversion over Hydrodesulfurization Catalysts for Biofuel Production. Fuel, 135: 380-386.
  18. Kim, S.K., Brand, S., Lee, H., Kim, Y., Kim, J. (2013). Production of Renewable Diesel by Hydrotreatment of Soybean Oil: Effect of Reaction Parameters. Chemical Engineering Journal, 228: 114-123.
  19. Katikaneni S.P.R., Adjaye J.D., Bakhshi N.N. (1995). Catalytic Conversion of Canola Oil to Fuels and Chemicals over Various Cracking Catalysts. Can. J. Chem. Eng., 73: 484-497.
  20. Hancsók, J., Kasza, T., Kovács, S., Solymosi, P., Holló, A. (2012). Production of Bioparaffins by the Catalytic Hydrogenation of Natural Triglycerides. Journal of Cleaner Production, 34: 76-81.
  21. Da Rocha Filho, G.N., Brodzki, D., Djega-Mariadasso, G. (1993). Formation of Alkanes, Alkylcycloalkanes, and Alkylbenzenes during the Catalytic Hydrocracking of Vegetable Oils. Fuel, 72: 543-549
  22. Bayat, A., Sadrameli, S.M., Towfighi, J. (2016). Production of Green Aromatics via Catalytic Cracking of Canola Oil Methyl Ester (CME) Using HZSM-5 Catalyst with Different Si/Al Ratios. Fuel, 180: 244-255.