Hydrocracking of Non-edible Vegetable Oils with Co-Ni/HZSM-5 Catalyst to Gasoil Containing Aromatics

DOI: https://doi.org/10.9767/bcrec.12.3.799.318-328
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Submitted: 21-11-2016
Published: 28-10-2017
Section: The 2nd International Seminar on Chemistry (ISoC 2016) (Surabaya, 26-27 July 2016)
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Biofuel has been considered as one of the environmentally friendly energy sources to substitute fossil fuel derived from non-edible vegetable oil. This research aims to investigate the effect of the non-edible vegetable oil composition on a specific hydrocarbons distribution contained in biofuel and the aromatics formation through hydrocracking reaction with the Co-Ni/HZSM-5 catalyst. The formation of aromatics from non-edible vegetable oils, such as: Cerbera manghas, rubber seed, and sunan candlenut oils, containing saturated, mono- and polyunsaturated fatty acids is presented. The hydrocracking reaction was carried out in a pressure batch reactor, a reaction temperature of 350 oC for 2 h, reactor pressure of 15 bar after flowing H2 for 1 hour, and a catalyst/oil ratio of 1 g/200 mL. Liquid hydrocarbon product was analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Based on the GC-MS analysis, hydrocracking on three different oils indicated that polyunsaturated fatty acids were required to produce relatively high aromatics content. The sunan candlenut oil can be converted to gasoil range hydrocarbons containing a small amount of aromatic through hydrocracking reaction. Meanwhile, the aromatics in liquid product from hydrocracking of Cerbera manghas and rubber seed oils were not found. Copyright © 2017 BCREC Group. All rights reserved.

Received: 21st November 2016; Revised: 9th May 2017; Accepted: 20th May 2017; Available online: 27th October 2017; Published regularly: December 2017

How to Cite: Prajitno, D.H., Roesyadi, A., Al-Muttaqii, M., Marlinda, L. (2017). Hydrocracking of Non-edible Vegetable Oils with Co-Ni/HZSM-5 Catalyst to Gasoil Containing Aromatics. Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis, 12(3):318-328 (doi:10.9767/bcrec.12.3.799.318-328)

 

Keywords

hydrocracking; non-edible vegetable oil; aromatics; gasoil; Co-Ni/HZSM-5 catalyst

  1. Danawati Hari Prajitno 
    Laboratory of Chemical Engineering Reaction, Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Industrial Technology, Sepuluh Nopember Institute of Technology, Surabaya 60111,, Indonesia
  2. Achmad Roesyadi 
    Laboratory of Chemical Engineering Reaction, Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Industrial Technology, Sepuluh Nopember Institute of Technology, Surabaya 60111, Indonesia
  3. Muhammad Al-Muttaqii 
    Laboratory of Chemical Engineering Reaction, Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Industrial Technology, Sepuluh Nopember Institute of Technology, Surabaya 60111,, Indonesia
  4. Lenny Marlinda 
    Laboratory of Chemical Engineering Reaction, Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Industrial Technology, Sepuluh Nopember Institute of Technology, Surabaya 60111,, Indonesia
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