Green Synthesis of Gold Nanoparticles using Aqueous Garlic (Allium sativum L.) Extract, and Its Interaction Study with Melamine
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) have been successfully prepared by green synthesis method using aqueous extract of garlic with the Latin name of Allium sativum L. (ASL) as a reducing and stabilizing agents. Identification of active compounds in aqueous ASL extract was conducted by phytochemical analysis and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, while the synthesized AuNPs were characterized using UV-Vis spectrophotometer and transmission electron microscopy-selected area electron diffraction (TEM-SAED). The AuNPs formation was optimized at aqueous ASL extract concentration of 0.05%, HAuCl4 concentration of 2.0×10-4 M, and pH of 3.6. The optimized AuNPs was characterized using TEM, and has a spherical shape with particle size of 15±3 nm. The particles were also stable up until one month. The synthesized AuNPs has been studied its interaction with melamine, and showed the optimum pH of interaction at 3.6. Copyright © 2017 BCREC GROUP. All rights reserved
Received: 13rd November 2016; Revised: 3rd January 2017; Accepted: 10th February 2017
How to Cite: Yulizar, Y., Ariyanta, H.A., Abdurrachman, L. (2017). Green Synthesis of Gold Nanoparticles using Aqueous Garlic (Allium sativum L.) Extract, and Its Interaction Study with Melamine. Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis, 12 (2): 212-218 (doi:10.9767/bcrec.12.2.770.212-218)
- Ahmed, S., Ahmad, M., Swami, B.L., Ikram, S. (2016). A review on plants extract mediated synthesis of silver nanoparticles for antimicrobial applications: A green expertise. Journal of Advanced Research, 7: 17-28. doi:10.1016/j.jare.2015.02.007.
- Almeida, C.L.F.D., Falcao, H.D.S., Lima, G.R.D.M., Montenegro, C.D.A., Lira, N.S., Athayde-Filho, P.F.D., Rodrigues, L.C., Souza, M.D.F.V., Barbosa-Filho, J.M., Batista, L.M. (2011). Bioactivities from Marine Algae of the Genus Gracilaria. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 12: 4550-4573.
- Vadlapudi, V. (2014). Green Synthesis of Silver and Gold Nanoparticles. Middle-East Journal of Scientific Research, 19: 834-842.
- Kirtee, W., Choudhari, A., Chikate, R., Kaul-Ghanekar, R. (2013). Synthesis and Characterization of Gold Nanoparticles Using Ficus Religiosa Extract. Carbon - Science and Technology, 5: 203-210.
- Arunachalam, K.D., Annamalai, S.K,. Hari, S. (2013). One-step Green Synthesis and Characterization of Leaf Extract-Mediated Biocompatible Silver and Gold Nanoparticles from Memecylon umbellatum. International Journal of Nanomedicine, 8: 1307-1315
- Aromal, S.A., Vidhu, V.K., Philip, D. (2012). Green Synthesis of Well-Dispersed Gold Nanoparticles using Macrotyloma uniflorum. Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy, 85: 99-104
- Kalishwaralal, K., Deepak, V., Pandian, S.B.R.K., Kottaisamy, M., Barathmani Kanth, S., Kartikeyan, B., Gurunathan, S. (2010). Biosynthesis of Silver and Gold Nanoparticles using Brevibacterium casei. Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces, 77: 257-262.
- Philip, D. (2009). Honey Mediated Green Synthesis of Gold Nanoparticles. Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy, 73: 650-653
- Sujitha, M.V., Kannan, S. (2013). Green Synthesis of Gold Nanoparticles using Citrus Fruits (Citrus Limon, Citrus Reticulata and Citrus Sinensis) Aqueous Extract and Its Characterization. Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy, 102: 15-23.
- Tamuly, C., Hazarika, M., Borah, S.C., Das, M.R., Boruah, M.P. (2013). In situ Biosynthesis of Ag, Au and Bimetallic Nanoparticles using Piper pedicellatum. DC: Green chemistry approach. Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces, 102: 627-634
- Kumar, K.M., Mandal, B.K., Sinha, M., Krishnakumar, V. (2012). Terminalia chebula Mediated Green and Rapid Synthesis of Gold Nanoparticles. Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy, 86: 490-494.
- Das, R.K., Gogoi, N., Bora, U. (2011). Green Synthesis of Gold Nanoparticles using Nyctanthes arbortristis Flower Extract. Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering, 34: 615-619
- Philip, D., Unni, C., Aromal, S.A., Vidhu, V.K. (2011). Murraya Koenigii Leaf-Assisted Rapid Green Synthesis of Silver and Gold Nanoparticles. Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy, 78: 899-904.
- Philip, D. (2010). Rapid Green Synthesis of Spherical Gold Nanoparticles using Ma-ngifera indica Leaf. Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy,77: 807-810
- Smitha, S.L., Philip, D., Gopchandran, K.G. (2009). Green Synthesis of Gold Nanoparticles using Cinnamomum zeylanicum Leaf Broth. Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy, 74: 735-739.
- Vinod, V.T.P., Saravanan, P., Sreedhar, B.D., Devi, D.K., Sashidhar, R.B. (2011). Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces, 83: 291-298.
- Kumar, K.P., Paul, W., Sharma, C.P. (2011). Green Synthesis of Gold Nanoparticles with Zingiber officinale Extract: Characterization and Blood Compatibility. Process Biochemistry, 46: 2007-2013.
- Gavade, N.L., Kadam, A.N., Suwarnkar, M.B., Ghodake, V.P., Garadkar, K.M. (2015). Biogenic Synthesis of Multi-Applicative Silver Nanoparticles by using Ziziphus Jujuba Leaf Extract. Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy,136: 953-960
- Song, J.Y., Jang, H.K., Kim, B.S. (2009). Biological Synthesis of Gold Nanoparticles using Magnolia Kobus and Diopyros Kaki Leaf Extracts. Process Biochem., 44: 1133-1138
- Ariyanta, H.A., Yulizar, Y. (2016). The Shape Conversion of Silver Nanoparticles through Heating and Its Application as Homogeneous Catalyst in Reduction of 4-Nitrophenol. IOP Conf. Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 107: 012002
- Yulizar, Y., Foliatini., Hafizah, M.A.E. (2016). A Facile and Effective Technique for the Synthesis of Thiol-Modified Au/Alginate Nanocomposite and Its Performance in Stabilizing Pickering Emulsion. Arabian Journal of Chemistry (In Press), http://dx.doi.org/ 10.1016/j.arabjc.2016.05.013
- Foliatini., Yulizar, Y., Hafizah, M.A.E. (2015). The Synthesis of Alginate-Capped Silver Nanoparticles under Microwave Irradiation. Journal of Mathematical and Fundamental Sciences, 47: 31-50
- Tomar, A., Garg, G. (2013). Short Review on Application of Gold Nanoparticles. Global Journal of Pharmacology, 7: 34-38
- Vadlapudi, V., Kaladhar, D. (2014). Review: Green Synthesis of Silver and Gold Nanoparticles. Middle-East Journal of Scientific Research,19: 834-842
- Ahamed, M., Khan, M.A.M., Siddiqui, M.K.J., AlSalhi, M.S., Alrokayan, S.A. (2011). Green Synthesis, Characterization and Evaluation of Biocompatibility of Silver Nanoparticles. Physica E, 43: 1266-1271
- Song, J., Wu, F., Wan, Y., Ma, L. (2015). Co-lorimetric Detection of Melamine in Pretreated Milk using Silver Nanoparticles Functionalized with Sulfanilic Acid. Food Control, 50: 356-361
- Xin, J.Y., Zhang, L.X., Chen, D.D., Lin, K., Fan, H.C., Wang, Y., Xia, C.G. (2015). Colorimetric Detection of Melamine Based on Methanobactin-Mediated Synthesis of Gold Nanoparticles. Food Chemisry,174: 473-479
- Du, J., Wang, Y., Zhang, W. (2015). Gold Nanoparticles-based Chemiluminescence Resonance Energy Transfer for Ultrasensitive Detection of Melamine. Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy,149: 698-702
- Kumar, N., Seth, R., Kumar, H. (2014). Colorimetric Detection of Melamine in Milk by Ci-trate-Stabilized Gold Nanoparticles. Analytical Biochemistry, 456: 43-49
- Mbaveng, A.T., Hamm, R., Kuete, V. 1st eds. (2014). Toxicological Survey of African Medical Plants. Reading, Mass.: Elsevier.
- Rastogi, L., Arunachalam, J. (2011). Sunlight based Irradiation Strategy for Rapid Green Synthesis of Highly Stable Silver Nanoparticles using Aqueous Garlic (Allium sativum) Extract and their Antibacterial Potential. Materials Chemistry and Physics,129: 558-563
- Stan, M., Popaa, M., Toloman, M., Dehelean, A., Lung, I., Katona, G. (2015). Enhanced Photocatalytic Degradation Properties of Zinc Oxide Nanoparticles Synthesized by using Plant Extracts. Materials Science in Semiconductor Processing, 39: 23-29
- Philip, D., Unni, C. (2011). Extracellular Biosynthesis of Gold and Silver Nanoparticles using Krishna tulsi (Ocimum sanctum) Leaf. Physica E, 43: 1318-1322.
- Yallappa, S., Manjanna, J., Dhananjaya, B.L. (2015). Phytosynthesis of Stable Au, Ag and Au-Ag Alloy Nanoparticles using J. Sambac Leaves Extract, and Their Enhanced Antimicrobial Activity in Presence of Organic Antimicrobials. Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy, 137: 236-243
- Devi, P.R., Kumar, C.S., Selvamani, P., Subramanian, N., Ruckmani, K. (2015). Synthesis and Characterization of Arabic Gum Capped Gold Nanoparticles for Tumor-Targeted Drug Delivery. Materials Letters,139: 241-244
- Philip, D. (2010). Honey Mediated Green Synthesis of Silver Nanoparticles. Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy, 75: 1078-1081.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
As a journal Author, you have rights for a large range of uses of your article, including use by your employing institute or company. These Author rights can be exercised without the need to obtain specific permission.
Authors publishing in BCREC journals have wide rights to use their works for teaching and scholarly purposes without needing to seek permission, including: use for classroom teaching by Author or Author's institutionand presentation at a meeting or conference and distributing copies to attendees; use for internal training by author's company; distribution to colleagues for their reseearch use; use in a subsequent compilation of the author's works; inclusion in a thesis or dissertation; reuse of portions or extrcats from the article in other works (with full acknowledgement of final article); preparation of derivative works (other than commercial purposes) (with full acknowledgement of final article); voluntary posting on open web sites operated by author or author’s institution for scholarly purposes (follow CC by SA License).
Authors and readers can copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format, as well as remix, transform, and build upon the material for any purpose, even commercially, but they must give appropriate credit (cite to the article or content), provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. If you remix, transform, or build upon the material, you must distribute your contributions under the same license as the original.
Copyright Transfer Agreement
The Authors submitting a manuscript do so on the understanding that if accepted for publication, copyright publishing of the article shall be assigned to Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis journal and Department of Chemical Engineering Diponegoro University as publisher of the journal.
Copyright encompasses exclusive rights to reproduce and deliver the article in all form and media, including reprints, photographs, microfilms and any other similar reproductions, as well as translations. The reproduction of any part of this journal, its storage in databases and its transmission by any form or media, such as electronic, electrostatic and mechanical copies, photocopies, recordings, magnetic media, etc., will be allowed only with a written permission from Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis journal and Department of Chemical Engineering Diponegoro University.
Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis journal and Department of Chemical Engineering Diponegoro University, the Editors and the Advisory International Editorial Board make every effort to ensure that no wrong or misleading data, opinions or statements be published in the journal. In any way, the contents of the articles and advertisements published in the Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis are sole and exclusive responsibility of their respective authors and advertisers.
Remember, even though we ask for a transfer of copyright, our journal authors retain (or are granted back) significant scholarly rights.
The Copyright Transfer Form can be downloaded here: [Copyright Transfer Form BCREC 2016]
The copyright form should be signed originally and send to the Editorial Office in the form of original mail, scanned document or fax :
Prof. Dr. I. Istadi (Editor-in-Chief)
Editorial Office of Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering and Catalysis
Department of Chemical Engineering, Diponegoro University
Jl. Prof. Soedarto, Kampus Undip Tembalang, Semarang, Central Java, Indonesia 50275
Telp.: +62-24-7460058, Fax.: +62-24-76480675