Development of Hydrotalcite Based Cobalt Catalyst by Hydrothermal and Co-precipitation Method for Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis

DOI: https://doi.org/10.9767/bcrec.12.3.762.357-362
Copyright (c) 2017 Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Cover Image

Article Metrics: (Click on the Metric tab below to see the detail)

Article Info
Submitted: 03-11-2016
Published: 28-10-2017
Section: Original Research Articles
Fulltext PDF Tell your colleagues Email the author

This paper presents the effect of a synthesis method for cobalt catalyst supported on hydrotalcite material for Fischer-Tropsch synthesis. The hydrotalcite supported cobalt (HT-Co) catalysts were synthesized by co-precipitation and hydrothermal method. The prepared catalysts were characterized by using various techniques like BET (Brunauer–Emmett–Teller), SEM (Scanning Electron Microscopy), TGA (Thermal Gravimetric Analysis), XRD (X-ray diffraction spectroscopy), and FTIR (Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy). Fixed bed micro reactor was used to test the catalytic activity of prepared catalysts. The catalytic testing results demonstrated the performance of hydrotalcite based cobalt catalyst in Fischer-Tropsch synthesis with high selectivity for liquid products. The effect of synthesis method on the activity and selectivity of catalyst was also discussed. Copyright © 2017 BCREC Group. All rights reserved

Received: 3rd November 2016; Revised: 26th February 2017; Accepted: 9th March 2017; Available online: 27th October 2017; Published regularly: December 2017

How to Cite: Sharif, M.S., Arslan, M., Iqbal, N., Ahmad, N., Noor, T. (2017). Development of Hydrotalcite Based Cobalt Catalyst by Hydrothermal and Co-precipitation Method for Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis. Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis, 12(3): 357-363 (doi:10.9767/bcrec.12.3.762.357-363)

 

Keywords

Fischer Tropsch Synthesis; Cobalt Catalyst; Hydrotalcite; Co-precipitation; Hydrothermal

  1. Muhammad Faizan Shareef 
    US Pakistan Centre for Advanced Studies in Energy (USPCAS-E), National University of Sciences and Technology, Islamabad 44000,, Pakistan
  2. Muhammad Arslan 
    US Pakistan Centre for Advanced Studies in Energy (USPCAS-E), National University of Sciences and Technology, Islamabad 44000,, Pakistan
  3. Naseem Iqbal 
    US Pakistan Centre for Advanced Studies in Energy (USPCAS-E), National University of Sciences and Technology, Islamabad 44000,, Pakistan
  4. Nisar Ahmad 
    National Centre for Physics (NCP), Islamabad 44000,, Pakistan
  5. Tayyaba Noor 
    School of Chemical and Materials Engineering (SCME), National University of Sciences and Technology, Islamabad 44000,, Pakistan
  1. Fu, T., Jiang, Y., Lv, J., Li, Z. (2013). Effect of Carbon Support on Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis Activity and Product Distribution over Co-based Catalysts. Fuel Processing Technology, 110: 141-149.
  2. Tsai, Y.-T., Mo, X., Campos, A., Goodwin, J.G., Spivey, J.J. (2011). Hydrotalcite Supported Co Catalysts for CO Hydrogenation. Applied Catalysis A: General, 396: 91-100.
  3. Di Fronzo, A., Pirola, C., Comazzi, A., Galli, F., Bianchi, C., Di Michele, A., Vivani, R., Nocchetti, M., Bastianini, M., Boffito, D. (2014). Co-based Hydrotalcites as New Catalysts for the Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis Process. Fuel, 119: 62-69.
  4. Pöhlmann, F., Jess, A. (2015), Interplay of Reaction and Pore Diffusion during Cobalt- Catalyzed Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis with CO2-Rich Syngas. Catalysis Today, 275: 172-182.
  5. Dry, M.E. (2002). The Fischer–Tropsch Process: 1950–2000. Catalysis Today, 71: 227-241.
  6. Iglesia, E. (1997). Design, Synthesis, and Use of Cobalt-Based Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis Catalysts. Applied Catalysis A: General, 161: 59-78.
  7. Khodakov, A.Y., Chu, W., Fongarland, P. (2007). Advances in the Development of Novel Cobalt Fischer-Tropsch Catalysts for Synthesis of Long-Chain Hydrocarbons and Clean Fuels. Chemical Reviews, 107: 1692-1744.
  8. Takehira, K., Shishido, T., Wang, P., Kosaka, T., Takaki, K. (2004). Autothermal Reforming of CH4 over Supported Ni Catalysts Prepared from Mg–Al Hydrotalcite-Like Anionic Clay. Journal of Catalysis, 221: 43-54.
  9. He, L., Lin, Q., Liu, Y., Huang, Y. (2014). Unique Catalysis of Ni-Al Hydrotalcite Derived Catalyst in CO2 Methanation: Cooperative Effect between Ni Nanoparticles and a Basic Support. Journal of Energy Chemistry, 23: 587-592.
  10. Rives, V. (2001). Layered Double Hydroxides: Present and Future, 2nd ed., New York. Nova Science Publishers.
  11. Pausch, I., Lohse, H.H., Schtirmann, K., Alhnann, R. (1986). Syntheses of Disordered and Al-rich Hydrotalcite-Like Compounds, Clays and Clay Minerals, 34: 507-510.
  12. Costantino, U., Marmottini, F., Nocchetti, M., Vivani, R. (1998). New Synthetic Routes to Hydrotalcite-Like Compounds − Characterisation and Properties of the Obtained Materials, European Journal of Inorganic Chemistry 1439-1446
  13. Ochoa-Fernandez, E., Lacalle-Vila, C., Chris-tensen, K., Walmsley, J.C., Holmen, M.A., Chen, D. (2007). Ni catalysts for sorption enhanced steam methane reforming, Topics in Catalysis, 45: 3-8
  14. He, L., Berntsen, H., Ochoa-Fernandez, E., Walmsley, J.C., Blekkan, E.A., Chen, D. (2009). Co-Ni Catalysts Derived from Hydrotalcite-Like Materials for Hydrogen Production by Ethanol Steam Reforming. Topics in Catalysis, 52(3): 206-217
  15. Forgionny, A., Fierro, J., Mondragón, F., Moreno, A. (2016). Effect of Mg/Al Ratio on Catalytic Behavior of Fischer–Tropsch Cobalt-Based Catalysts Obtained from Hydrotalcites Precursors. Topics in Catalysis, 59: 230-240.
  16. Zhang, J., Lu, S., Fan, S., Zhao, T., Zhang, K. (2015). Hydrothermal Preparation of Fe-Mn Catalyst for Light Olefin Synthesis from CO Hydrogenation. Nano Reports, 1: 15-19
  17. Bianchi, C.L., Pirola, C., Ragaini, V. (2006). Choosing the Best Diluent for a Fixed Catalytic Bed: The Case of CO Hydrogenation. Catalysis Communications, 7: 669-672.
  18. Ermolaev, V.S., Gryaznov, K.O., Mitberg, E.B., Mordkovich, V.Z., Tretyakov, V.F. (2015). Laboratory and Pilot Plant Fixed-Bed Reactors for Fischer–Tropsch Synthesis: Mathematical Modeling and Experimental Investigation. Chemical Engineering Science, 138: 1-8.
  19. Irankhah, A., Haghtalab, A., Farahani, E.V., Sadaghianizadeh, K. (2007). Fischer-Tropsch Reaction Kinetics of Cobalt Catalyst in Supercritical Phase. Journal of Natural Gas Chemistry, 16: 115-120.
  20. Yoo, C.-S., Söderlind, P., Cynn, H. (1998). The Phase Diagram of Cobalt at High Pressure and Temperature: The Stability of-Cobalt and New-Cobalt. Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter. 10: L311
  21. Trépanier, M., Dalai, A.K., Abatzoglou, N. (2010). Synthesis of CNT-Supported Cobalt Nanoparticle Catalysts using a Microemulsion Technique: Role of Nanoparticle Size on Reducibility, Activity and Selectivity in Fischer–Tropsch Reactions. Applied Catalysis A: General, 374: 79-86.
  22. Tavasoli, A., Abbaslou, R.M.M., Dalai, A.K. (2008). Deactivation Behavior of Ruthenium Promoted Co/γ-Al2O3 Catalysts in Fischer–Tropsch Synthesis. Applied Catalysis A: General, 346: 58-64.
  23. He, L., Berntsen, H., Ochoa-Fernández, E., Walmsley, J.C., Blekkan, E.A., Chen, D. (2009). Co–Ni Catalysts Derived from Hydrotalcite-Like Materials for Hydrogen Production by Ethanol Steam Reforming. Topics in Catalysis, 52: 206-217.
  24. Jiang, Z., Yu, J., Cheng, J., Xiao, T., Jones, M.O., Hao, Z., Edwards, P.P. (2010). Catalytic Combustion of Methane over Mixed Oxides Derived from Co–Mg/Al Ternary Hydrotalcites. Fuel Processing Technology, 91: 97-102.
  25. Perez-Ramirez, J., Mul, G., Kapteijn, F., Moulijn, J. (2001). A Spectroscopic Study of the Effect of the Trivalent Cation on the Thermal Decomposition Behaviour of Co-based Hydrotalcites. Journal of Materials Chemistry, 11: 2529-2536.
  26. Hiromichi, H., Yukiya, H. (2010). Hydrothermal Synthesis of Metal Oxide Nanoparticles in Supercritical Water, Materials, 3: 3794-3817
  27. Tantirungrotechai, J., Chotmongkolsap, P., Pohmakotr, M. (2010). Synthesis, Characterization, and Activity in Transesterification of Mesoporous Mg–Al Mixed-Metal Oxides. Microporous and Mesoporous Materials, 128: 41-47.
  28. Bastiani, R., Zonno, I., Santos, I., Henriques, C., Monteiro, J. (2004). Influence of Thermal Treatments on the Basic and Catalytic Properties of Mg, Al-mixed Oxides Derived from Hydrotalcites. Brazilian Journal of Chemical Engineering, 21: 193-202.
  29. Kloprogge, J.T., Frost, R.L. (1999). Fourier Transform Infrared and Raman Spectroscopic Study of the Local Structure of Mg-, Ni-, and Co-hydrotalcites. Journal of Solid State Chemistry, 146: 506-515.