Preliminary Synthesis of Calcium Silicates using Oil Palm Leaves and Eggshells.

*Salprima Yudha S  -  Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Bengkulu, Indonesia
Aswin Falahudin  -  Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Bengkulu, Indonesia
Noor Haida Mohd Kaus  -  Schools of Chemical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Malaysia
Sirikanjana Thongmee  -  Department of Physic, Faculty of Science, Kasetsart University, Thailand
Saiqa Ikram  -  Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Natural Sciences, Jamia Millia Islamia (Central University), India
Asdim Asdim  -  Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Bengkulu, Indonesia
Received: 20 Apr 2020; Revised: 3 Jul 2020; Accepted: 8 Jul 2020; Published: 1 Aug 2020; Available online: 30 Jul 2020.
Open Access Copyright (c) 2020 Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis
License URL: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0

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Abstract

A new synthetic procedure is described for the synthesis of calcium silicate derivatives, using natural resources such as eggshell (ES) for calcium and oil palm leaves (OPL) for silica, which do not require prepurification. The reaction is performed by directly converting two weight ratio of the precursors, ES:3OPL and ES:6OPL, to dried-powder form by heat treatment at 900 °C for two hours. The results demonstrate that the concentration of the precursors has an effect on the morphology and crystallinity of the calcium silicate derivatives, mainly Ca2SiO4 and CaSiO3. X-ray diffraction results reveal that the reaction product obtained using a 1:3 ratio is quite pure, and mainly consisted of calcium silicate in the form of Ca2SiO4. The CaSiO3 was also identified in ES:6OPL, together with a small amount of excess non-reacted crystalline silica. Furthermore, a scanning electron microscopy analysis shows that both reaction products have a coarse surface. Copyright © 2020 BCREC Group. All rights reserved

 

Keywords: eggshell; oil palm leaves; silica; calcium silicate

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