Gas Phase Oligomerization of Isobutene over Acid Treated Kaolinite Clay Catalyst

Dhaifallah Aldhayan  -  Department of Chemistry, King Saud University, P.O. Box 2455, Riyadh-11451, Saudi Arabia
*Ahmed Aouissi  -  Department of Chemistry, King Saud University, P.O. Box 2455, Riyadh-11451, Saudi Arabia
Received: 27 Oct 2016; Revised: 21 Dec 2016; Accepted: 22 Dec 2016; Published: 30 Apr 2017; Available online: 13 Feb 2017.
Open Access Copyright (c) 2017 Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis
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Natural Kaolin Clay was calcined and treated by sulfuric acid. The resulting solid acid catalyst was characterized by FTIR, TGA, and X-ray powder diffraction (XRD) and tested for isobutene oligomerization in a gas phase. The characterization results showed that the acid treated clay underwent chemical and structural transformations. After acid treatment, the Si/Al ratio was increased, and the crystalline raw clay became amorphous. The effects of various parameters such as reaction temperature, reaction time and contact time on isobutene oligomerization were investigated. Catalytic tests showed that isobutene oligomerization led to dimers and trimers as major products. Tetramers were obtained as by- products. At relatively high reaction temperatures and long contact times, the conversion was enhanced while the selectivity of dimers was decreased in favor of higher oligomers. Copyright © 2017 BCREC GROUP. All rights reserved

Received: 27th October 2016; Revised: 21st December 2016; Accepted: 22nd December 2016

How to Cite: Aldhayan, D., Aouissi, A. (2017). Gas Phase Oligomerization of Isobutene over Acid Treated Kaolinite Clay Catalyst. Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis, 12 (1): 119-126 (doi:10.9767/bcrec.12.1.758.119-126)



Keywords: Isobutene; Oligomerization; Clean gasoline; Clay catalyst; Solid acid catalyst

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