Dehydrogenation of Cyclohexanol to Cyclohexanone Over Nitrogen-doped Graphene supported Cu catalyst

Alyaa. K. Mageed  -  Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Technology, Iraq
Dayang A. B. Radiah  -  Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Malaysia
A. Salmiaton  -  Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Malaysia
Shamsul Izhar  -  Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Malaysia
Musab Abdul Razak  -  Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Malaysia
*Bamidele Victor Ayodele  -  Institute of Energy Policy and Research, Universiti Tenaga Nasional, Malaysia
Received: 16 Dec 2019; Revised: 9 Jul 2020; Accepted: 9 Jul 2020; Published: 1 Aug 2020; Available online: 30 Jul 2020.
Open Access Copyright (c) 2020 Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis
License URL: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0

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Abstract

In this study, the dehydrogenation of cyclohexanol to cyclohexanone over nitrogen-doped reduced graphene oxide (N-rGO) Cu catalyst has been reported. The N-rGO support was synthesized by chemical reduction of graphite oxide (GO). The synthesized N-rGO was used as a support to prepare the Cu/N-rGO catalyst via an incipient wet impregnation method. The as-prepared support and the Cu/N-rGO catalyst were characterized by FESEM, EDX, XRD, TEM, TGA, and Raman spectroscopy. The various characterization analysis revealed the suitability of the Cu/N-rGO as a heterogeneous catalyst that can be employed for the dehydrogenation of cyclohexanol to cyclohexanone. The catalytic activity of the Cu/N-rGO catalyst was tested in non-oxidative dehydrogenation of cyclohexanol to cyclohexanone using a stainless-steel fixed bed reactor. The effects of temperature, reactant flow rate, and time-on-stream on the activity of the Cu/N-rGO catalyst were examined. The Cu/N-rGO nanosheets show excellent catalytic activity and selectivity to cyclohexanone. The formation of stable Cu nanoparticles on N-rGO support interaction and segregation of Cu were crucial factors for the catalytic activity. The highest cyclohexanol conversion and selectivity of 93.3% and 82.7%, respectively, were obtained at a reaction temperature of 270 °C and cyclohexanol feed rate of 0.1 ml/min. Copyright © 2020 BCREC Group. All rights reserved

 

Keywords: Cyclohexanol; Cyclohexanone; Copper; dehydrogenation; Nitrogen-doped reduced graphene oxide

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