One-Pot Synthesis of Bi/Fe3O4 and Its Catalytic Performances for 4-Nitrophenol Reduction

*Ke-ying Cai -  (Scopus ID = 24449898400) School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Xuzhou Institute of Technology, Xuzhou, Jiangsu 221111,, China
Yu-Sheng Liu -  School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Xuzhou Institute of Technology, Xuzhou, Jiangsu 221111,, China
Yang Xu -  School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Xuzhou Institute of Technology, Xuzhou, Jiangsu 221111,, China
Huimin Zhou -  School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Xuzhou Institute of Technology, Xuzhou, Jiangsu 221111,, China
Lingxia Zhang -  School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Xuzhou Institute of Technology, Xuzhou, Jiangsu 221111,, China
Yao Cui -  School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Xuzhou Institute of Technology, Xuzhou, Jiangsu 221111,, China
Received: 11 Aug 2016; Published: 30 Apr 2017.
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Abstract

A novel approach was successfully developed for the catalyst Bi-deposited Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles, which was used in the degradation of 4-nitrophenol (4-NP). The Bi/Fe3O4 composite was prepared via a one-pot process from ferrous sulfate and bismuth chloride using hydrazine hydrate as a reducing agent. The catalyst was characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy. In the composite pure Fe3O4 particles were synthesized and bismuth particles were well dispersed. The catalytic performances were investigated for the reduction of 4-NP with sodium borohydride. The catalyst has higher activity when Bi/Fe molar ratio is 1:4 in the composite and the rate constant k is about 0.611 min-1. The catalyst has good reusability which can be used 10 cycles without obvious deactivation. Furthermore, the catalyst can be easily separated by an external magnetic field. Copyright © 2017 BCREC GROUP. All rights reserved

Received: 11st August 2016; Revised: 20th December 2016; Accepted: 21st December 2016

How to Cite: Cai, K.Y., Liu, Y.S., Xu, Y., Zhou, H., Zhang, L., Cui., Y. (2017). One-Pot Synthesis of Bi/Fe3O4 and Its Catalytic Performances for 4-Nitrophenol Reduction. Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis, 12 (1): 89-95 (doi:10.9767/bcrec.12.1.621.89-95)

Permalink/DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.9767/bcrec.12.1.621.89-95

 

Keywords
Bismuth; Bi/Fe3O4; 4-Nitrophenol; Reduction

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