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Microscopic Phase Structure of Mo-based Catalyst and Its Catalytic Activity for Soot Oxidation

1School of Automobile and Traffic Engineering, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang, Jiangsu 212013, China

2School of Energy, Soochow University, Suzhou, Jiangsu 215006, China

Received: 19 Jul 2016; Published: 11 Oct 2016.
Open Access Copyright (c) 2016 by Authors, Published by BCREC Group under http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0.

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Abstract
The MoO3 catalysts supported on nano-scale TiO2 with various loading rates (5%, 10%, 20%, and 40%) were prepared by an impregnation method. The phase structures of nano-scale MoO3/TiO2 catalysts were characterized by Brunner-Emmet-Teller, Fourier Transform Infrared Spectra, X-ray Diffraction, and Scanning Electron Microscope. The oxidation activities of catalysts over diesel soot were performed in a Thermogravimetric Analysis system. The kinetics of the catalytic oxidation process was analyzed based on Starink method. The characterization results showed that the phase structure of MoO3 supported on TiO2 depends heavily on the molybdenum contents, which put great effects on soot oxidation. The orthorhombic crystal system (α-MoO3) appeared on the surface of the catalysts when the MoO3 exceeds 10%. Due to the low melting point and good surface mobility of MoO3, the catalytic activity was increased and the characteristic temperatures were decreased with the increase in MoO3 contents. As a result, the activities of catalysts with different loading rates for soot oxidation can be ranked as: Mo5<Mo10<Mo20
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Keywords: soot oxidation catalysts; nano-scale MoO3/TiO2; Starink method
Funding: National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 51376095 and No. 51506101)

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