Selective Synthesis, Characterization and Kinetics Studies of poly(α-Methyl styrene) induced by Maghnite-Na+ Clay (Algerian MMT)

Moulkheir Ayat -  Laboratory of Polymer Chemistry, Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, University of Oran 1. Ahmed benbella. BP N ° 1524 El M'Naouar, 31000 Oran,, Algeria
Mohamed Belbachir -  Laboratory of Polymer Chemistry, Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, University of Oran 1. Ahmed benbella. BP N ° 1524 El M'Naouar, 31000 Oran,, Algeria
*Abdelkader Rahmouni -  Laboratory of Polymer Chemistry, Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, University of Oran 1. Ahmed benbella. BP N ° 1524 El M'Naouar, 31000 Oran,, Algeria
Received: 30 Jun 2016; Published: 11 Oct 2016.
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Abstract
A new and efficient catalyst of Na-Montmorillonite (Na+-MMT) was employed in this paper for α-methylstyrene (AMS) cationic polymerization. Maghnite clay, obtained from Tlemcen Algeria, was investigated to remove heavy metal ion from wastewater. “Maghnite-Na” is a Montmorillonite sheet silicate clay, exchanged with sodium as an efficient catalyst for cationic polymerization of many vinylic and heterocyclic monomers. The various techniques, including 1H-NMR, 13C-NMR, IR, DSC and Ubbelohde viscometer, were used to elucidate structural characteristics and thermal properties of the resulting polymers. The structure compositions of “MMT”, “H+-MMT” and “Na+-MMT” have been developed. It was found that the cationic polymerization of AMS is initiated by Na+-MMT at 0 °C in bulk and in solution. The influences of reaction temperature, solvent, weight ratio of initiator/monomer and reaction time on the yield of monomer and the molecular weight are investigated. The kinetics indicated that the polymerization rate is first order with respect to the monomer concentration. A possible mechanism of this cationic polymerization is discussed based on the results of the 1H-NMR Spectroscopic analysis of these model reactions. A cationic mechanism for the reaction was proposed. From the mechanism studies, it was showed that monomer was inserted into the growing chains. Copyright © 2016 BCREC GROUP. All rights reserved.


Received: 6th September 2016; Revised: 27th April 2016; Accepted: 7th June 2016


How to Cite: Ayat, M., Belbachir, M., Rahmouni, A. (2016). Selective Synthesis, Characterization and Kinetics Studies of poly(α-Methyl styrene) induced by Maghnite-Na+ Clay (Algerian MMT). Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis, 11 (3): 376-388 (doi:10.9767/bcrec.11.3.578.376-388)


Permalink/DOI: http://doi.org/10.9767/bcrec.11.3.578.376-388
Keywords
synthesis; cationic polymerization; catalysts; montmorillonite; Na+-MMT; poly(α-methylstyrene); mechanism; thermal properties

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