Gasification of Nickel-Preloaded Oil Palm Biomass with Air

*Syed Shatir A. Syed-Hassan -  Faculty of Chemical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi MARA, 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor,, Malaysia
Siti Nor Izuera Nor-Azemi -  Faculty of Chemical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi MARA, 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor,, Malaysia
Received: 28 Jun 2016; Published: 11 Oct 2016.
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Abstract

This study experimentally investigates the gasification of nickel-preloaded oil palm biomass as an alternative catalytic approach to produce clean syngas. To eliminate the use of catalyst support, nickel was added directly to the oil palm mesocarp fiber via ion-exchange using an aqueous solution of nickel nitrate. Nickel species was found to disperse very well on the biomass at a nano-scale dispersion. The presence of the finely dispersed nickels on biomass enhanced syngas production and reduced tar content in the producer gas during the air gasification of biomass. It is believed that nickel particles attached on the biomass and its char promote the catalytic cracking of tar on their surface and supply free radicals to the gas phase to enhance the radical-driven gas-phase reactions for the reforming of high molecular weight hydrocarbons. The unconsumed nickel-containing char shows great potential to be re-utilised as a catalyst to further enhance the destruction of tar components in the secondary tar reduction process. Copyright © 2016 BCREC GROUP. All rights reserved

Received: 12nd September 2015; Revised: 10th January 2016; Accepted:16th January 2016

How to Cite: Syed-Hassan, S.S.A., Nor-Azemi, S. (2016). Gasification of Nickel-Preloaded Oil Palm Biomass with Air. Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis, 11 (3): 262-272 (doi:10.9767/bcrec.11.3.566.262-272)

Permalink/DOI: http://doi.org/10.9767/bcrec.11.3.566.262-272

Keywords
gasification; biomass; oil palm mesocarp fiber; nickel; tar

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