skip to main content

Gasification of Nickel-Preloaded Oil Palm Biomass with Air

Faculty of Chemical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi MARA, 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia

Received: 28 Jun 2016; Published: 11 Oct 2016.
Open Access Copyright (c) 2016 by Authors, Published by BCREC Group under http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0.

Citation Format:
Cover Image
Abstract

This study experimentally investigates the gasification of nickel-preloaded oil palm biomass as an alternative catalytic approach to produce clean syngas. To eliminate the use of catalyst support, nickel was added directly to the oil palm mesocarp fiber via ion-exchange using an aqueous solution of nickel nitrate. Nickel species was found to disperse very well on the biomass at a nano-scale dispersion. The presence of the finely dispersed nickels on biomass enhanced syngas production and reduced tar content in the producer gas during the air gasification of biomass. It is believed that nickel particles attached on the biomass and its char promote the catalytic cracking of tar on their surface and supply free radicals to the gas phase to enhance the radical-driven gas-phase reactions for the reforming of high molecular weight hydrocarbons. The unconsumed nickel-containing char shows great potential to be re-utilised as a catalyst to further enhance the destruction of tar components in the secondary tar reduction process. 

Fulltext View|Download
Keywords: gasification; biomass; oil palm mesocarp fiber; nickel; tar

Article Metrics:

Article Info
Section: Original Research Articles
Statistics:
Share:
  1. Abu El-Rub, Z., Bramer, E.A., Brem, G. (2004). Review of catalysts for tar elimination in biomass gasification processes. Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research, 43(22): 6911-6919
  2. Sutton, D., Kelleher, B., Ross, J.R.H. (2001). Review of literature on catalysts for biomass gasification. Fuel Processing Technology, 73(3): 155-173
  3. Yung, M.M., Jablonski, W.S., Magrini-Bair, K.A. (2009). Review of catalytic conditioning of biomass-derived syngas. Energy & Fuels, 23: 1874-1887
  4. Devi, L., Ptasinski, K.J., Janssen, F.J.J.G. (2003). A review of the primary measures for tar elimination in biomass gasification processes. Biomass and Bioenergy, 24(2): 125-140
  5. Zhou, H., Cao, Y., Zhao, H., Liu, H., Pan, W.-P. (2008). Investigation of H2O and CO2 reforming and partial oxidation of methane: catalytic effects of coal char and coal ash. Energy & Fuels, 22(4): 2341-2345
  6. Syed-Hassan, S.S.A., Nor-Azemi, S.N.I., Fuadi, F.A. (2014). Adsorption and dispersion of nickel on oil palm mesocarp fiber. Chemical Engineering Transactions, 37: 709-714
  7. Richardson, Y., Blin, J., Volle, G., Motuzas, J., Julbe, A. (2010). In situ generation of Ni metal nanoparticles as catalyst for H2-rich syngas production from biomass gasification. Applied Catalysis A: General, 382(2): 220-230
  8. Lu, Y., Li, S., Guo, L. (2013). Hydrogen production by supercritical water gasification of glucose with Ni/CeO2/Al2O3: Effect of Ce loading. Fuel 103: 193-199
  9. Qian, K., Kumar, A., Patil, K., Bellmer, D., Wang, D., Yuan, W., Huhnke, R. (2013). Effects of biomass feedstocks and gasification conditions on the physiochemical properties of char. Energy, 6: 3972-3986
  10. Abnisa, F., Arami-Niya, A., Daud, W.M.A.W., Sahu, J.N. (2013). Characterization of bio-oil and bio-char from pyrolysis of palm oil wastes. BioEnergy Research, 6(2): 830-840
  11. Cantrell, K.B., Hunt, P.G., Uchimiya, M., Novak, J.M., Ro, K.S. Impact of pyrolysis temperature and manure source on physicochemical characteristics of biochar. Bioresource Technology, 107: 419-428
  12. Gerola, G.P., Boas, N.V., Caetano, J., Tarley, C.R.T., Gonçalves, A.C., Dragunski, D.C. (2013). Utilization of passion fruit skin by-product as lead(II) ion biosorbent. Water, Air & Soil Pollution, 224: 1-11
  13. Xiao, B., Thomas, K.M. (2005). Adsorption of aqueous metal ions on oxygen and nitrogen functionalized nanoporous activated carbons. Langmuir, 21(9): 3892-3902
  14. Wahab, M.A., Jellali, S., Jedidi, N. (2010). Effect of temperature and pH on the biosorption of ammonium onto Posidoniaoceanica fibers: equilibrium, and kinetic modeling studies. Bioresource Technology. 10(22): 8606-8615
  15. Domazetis, G., Liesegang, J., James, B.D. (2005). Studies of inorganics added to low-rank coals for catalytic gasification. Fuel Processing Technology, 86: 463-486
  16. Widayatno, W.B., Guan, G., Rizkiana, J., Hao, X., Wang, Z., Samart, C., Abudula, A. (2014). Steam reforming of tar derived from Fallopia Japonica stem over its own chars prepared at different conditions. Fuel, 132: 204-210
  17. Zolin, A., Jensen, A., Jensen, P.A., Frandsen, F., Dam-Johansen, K. (2001). The influence of inorganic materials on the thermal deactivation of fuel chars. Energy & Fuels,15(5): 110-122
  18. Mitsuoka, K., Hayashi, S., Amano, H., Kayahara, K., Sasaoaka, E., Uddin, M.A. (2011). Gasification of woody biomass char with CO2: the catalytic effects of K and Ca species on char gasification reactivity. Fuel Processing Technology, 92(1): 26-31
  19. Long, J., Song, H., Jun, X., Sheng, S., Lun-shi, S., Kai, X., Yao, Y. (2012). Release characteristics of alkali and alkaline earth metallic species during biomass pyrolysis and steam gasification process. Bioresource Technology, 116: 278-284
  20. Guan, G., Chen, G., Kasai, Y., Lim, E.W.C., Hao, X., Kaewpanha, M., Abuliti, A., Fushimi, C., Tsutsumi, A. (2012). Catalytic steam reforming of biomass tar over iron- or nickel based catalyst supported on calcined scallop shell. Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, 115-116: 159-168
  21. Zhang, R., Wang, Y., Brown, R.C. (2007). Steam reforming of tar compounds over Ni/olivine catalysts doped with CeO2. Energy Conversion and Management, 48: 68-77
  22. Syed-Hassan, S.S.A., Lee, W.J., Li, C.-Z. (2009). Positive and negative catalytic effects of a nickel mesh catalyst for the partial oxidation of ethane. Chemical Engineering Journal, 147(2-3): 307-315
  23. Syed-Hassan, S.S.A., Li C.-Z. (2011). Catalytic oxidation of ethane with oxygen using fluidised nanoparticle NiO catalyst. Applied Catalysis A: General, 405(1-2): 166-174
  24. Chen, T., Zhang, Y., Wang, H., Lu, W., Zhou, Z., Zhang, Y., Ren, L. (2014). Influence of pyrolysis temperature on characteristics and heavy metal adsorptive performance of biochar derived from municipal sewage sludge. Bioresource Technology, 164: 47-54
  25. Park, H.J., Park,S. H.,Sohn,J. M., Park, J., Jeon, J.-K., Kim, S.-S., Park,Y.-K. (2010). Steam reforming of biomass gasification tar using benzene as a model compound over various Ni supported metal oxide catalysts. Bioresource Technology, 101(1): 101-103

Last update:

No citation recorded.

Last update: 2021-09-20 03:09:28

  1. Thermochemical conversion of oil palm Fiber-LDPE hybrid waste into biochar

    Adelodun A.A.. Biofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining, 14 (6), 2020. doi: 10.1002/bbb.2130
  2. Gas production by catalytic pyrolysis of herb residues using Ni/CaO catalysts

    Xu A.. Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis, 127 , 2018. doi: 10.1016/j.jaap.2018.01.006
  3. Gasification of Municipal Solid Waste using Tyre Char as Catalyst

    Saharuddin M.Q.. Key Engineering Materials, 127 , 2019. doi: 10.4028/www.scientific.net/KEM.797.102