Characterization and Application of Aluminum Dross as Catalyst in Pyrolysis of Waste Cooking Oil

Faten Hameed Kamil  -  Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor,, Malaysia
*Ali Salmiaton orcid  -  Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, , Malaysia
Raja Mohamad Hafriz Raja Shahruzzaman  -  Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor,, Malaysia
R. Omar  -  Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor,, Malaysia
Abdulkareem Ghassan Alsultsan  -  Catalysis Science and Technology Research Center (Putra Cat), Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor,, Malaysia
Received: 20 Jun 2016; Revised: 28 Oct 2016; Accepted: 12 Nov 2016; Published: 30 Apr 2017; Available online: 13 Feb 2017.
Open Access Copyright (c) 2017 Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis
License URL: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0

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Abstract

Aluminium dross, a waste material produced by dissolution of aluminum scrap, was characterized physically and chemically by various analysis techniques for a potential to be used as catalyst. Using catalyst from waste materials reduced the cost for synthesizing of new catalyst. An efficient catalyst derived from industrial solid waste was modified by acid washing for using in a pyrolysis of waste cooking oil. The modification of aluminum dross resulted in increased surface area (from 0.96 to 68.24 m2/g), acidity (from 315 to 748 µmol/g) and thermal stability. Pyrolysis waste cooking oil was used to test the performance of aluminum dross as catalyst before and after modification. The product analysis showed a better result than the unmodified material based on increased yield of bio-oil and improved selectivity. Copyright © 2017 BCREC GROUP. All rights reserved

Received: 20th June 2016; Revised: 28th October 2016; Accepted: 13rd November 2016

How to Cite: Kamil, F.H., Salmiaton, A., Shahruzzaman, R.M.H.R., Omar, R., Alsultsan, A.G. (2017). Characterization and Application of Aluminum Dross as Catalyst in Pyrolysis of Waste Cooking Oil. Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis, 12 (1): 81-88 (doi:10.9767/bcrec.12.1.557.81-88)

Permalink/DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.9767/bcrec.12.3.557.81-88

 

Keywords: Al dross; Thermal activation; Chemical activation; Pyrolysis waste cooking oil

Article Metrics:

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