skip to main content

Thermo-Catalytic Methane Decomposition for Hydrogen Production: Effect of Palladium Promoter on Ni-based Catalysts

1Chemical Engineering Department, Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS, Bandar Sri Iskandar, 32610, Perak, Malaysia

2Faculty of Chemical & Natural Resources Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Pahang, Lebuhraya Tun Razak, 26300 Gambang, Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia

3Chemical Engineering Department, Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS, Bandar Sri Iskandar, 32610, Perak, Indonesia

4 Center of Biofuel and Biochemical Research (CBBR), Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS, 32610, Bandar Seri Iskandar, Perak, Malaysia

View all affiliations
Received: 21 Jan 2016; Revised: 6 Feb 2016; Accepted: 6 Mar 2016; Available online: 30 Jun 2016; Published: 20 Aug 2016.
Editor(s): BCREC JM
Open Access Copyright (c) 2016 by Authors, Published by BCREC Group under

Citation Format:
Cover Image

Hydrogen production from the direct thermo-catalytic decomposition of methane is a promising alternative for clean fuel production. However, thermal decomposition of methane can hardly be of any practical and empirical interest in the industry unless highly efficient and effective catalysts, in terms of both catalytic activity and operational lifetime have been developed. In this study, the effect of palladium (Pd) as a promoter onto Ni supported on alumina catalyst has been investigated by using co-precipitation technique. The introduction of Pd promotes better catalytic activity, operational lifetime and thermal stability of the catalyst. As expected, highest methane conversion was achieved at reaction temperature of 800 °C while the bimetallic catalyst (1 wt.% Ni -1wt.% Pd/Al2O3) gave the highest methane conversion of 70% over 15 min of time-on-stream (TOS). Interestingly, the introduction of Pd as promoter onto Ni-based catalyst also has a positive effect on the operational lifetime and thermal stability of the catalyst as the methane conversion has improved significantly over 240 min of TOS. 

Fulltext View|Download
Keywords: Methane cracking; TCD; Metal catalysts; Co-precipitation; Nobel metal

Article Metrics:

  1. Abbas, H., Wan Daud, W. (2010). Hydrogen Production by Methane Decomposition: A Review. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 35: 1160-1190
  2. Lesmana, D., Wu, H. S. (2012). Short Review: Cu Catalyst for Autothermal Reforming Methanol for Hydrogen Production. Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis, 7: 27-42
  3. Wu, H., Parola, V., Pantaleo, G., Puleo, F. (2013). Ni-based Catalysts for Low Temperature Methane Steam Reforming: Recent Results on Ni-Au and Comparison with Other Bi-metallic Systems. Catalysts, 3: 563-583
  4. Wang, H., Lua, A. (2013). Hydrogen Production by Thermocatalytic Methane Decomposition. Heat Transfer Engineering, 34(11-12): 896-903
  5. Awadallah, A., Mostafa, M., Aboul-Enein, A., Hanafi, S. (2014). Hydrogen Production via Methane Decomposition over Al2O3-TiO2 Binary Oxides Supported Ni Catalysts: Effect of Ti Content on The Catalytic Efficiency. Fuel, 129: 68-77
  6. Zhou, L., Guo, Y., Hideo, K. (2014). Unsupported Nickel Catalysts for Methane Catalytic Decomposition into Pure Hydrogen. AICHE Journal, 60(8): 2907-2917
  7. Jin, L., Si, H., Zhang, J., Lin, P., Hu, Z., Qiu, B. (2013). Preparation of Activated Carbon Supported Fe-Al2O3 and Its Application for Hydrogen Production by Catalytic Methane Decomposition. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 38(25): 10373-10380
  8. Ahmed, S. (2013). Catalytic Decomposition of Methane for Hydrogen Production Using Different Types of Catalysts. Titrit Journal of Engineering Science, 20(5): 19-23
  9. Wang, G., Jin, Y., Liu, G., Li, Y. (2013). Production of Hydrogen and Nanocarbon from Catalytic Decomposition of Methane over A Ni-Fe/Al2O3 Catalyst. Energy and Fuels, 27 (8): 4448-4456
  10. Selvarajah, K., Nguyen, H.H.P., Abdullah, B. Alenazey, F., Vo, D-V.N. (2016). Syngas production from methane dry reforming over Ni/Al2O3 catalyst. Res. Chem. Intermed, 42(1): 269-288, doi: 10.1007/s11164-015-2395-5
  11. Adrian, L., Abella, L.C., Monroy, T.G. (2014). Hydrogen Production via Thermo Catalytic Decomposition of Methane over Bimetallic Ni-Cu/AC Catalysts: Effect of Copper Loading and Reaction Temperature. International Journal of Chemical Engineering and Application, 3(2): 92-97
  12. Amin, A., Epling, W., Croiset, E. (2011). Reaction and Deactivation Rates of Methane Catalytic Cracking over Nickel. Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, 50: 12460-12470
  13. Makvandi, S., Alavi, S. M. (2011). COx Free Hydrogen Production by Catalytic Decomposition of Methane over Porous Ni/Al2O3 Catalysts. Iranian Journal of Chemical Engineering, 8(4): 24-33
  14. Bai, Z., Chen, H., Li, B, Li. W (2007). Methane Decomposition over Ni loaded Activated Carbon for Hydrogen Production and the Formation of Filamentous Carbon. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 32(1): 32-37
  15. Srilatha, K., Srinivasulu, D., Ramakrishna, S.U.B., Himabindu, V. (2014). Thermo Catalytic Decomposition of Methane over Pd/AC and Pd/CB Catalysts for Hydrogen Production and Carbon Nanofibers Formation. International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications, 4(9): 81-86
  16. Shah, N., Panjala, D., Huffman, G.P. (2001). Hydrogen production by catalytic decomposition of methane. Energy Fuels, 15(6): 1528-1534
  17. Poncelet, G., Centeno, M., Molina, R. (2005). Characterization of reduced α-alumina-supported nickel catalysts by spectroscopic chemisorption measurement. Applied Catalysis A: General, 288: 232-242
  18. Yaakob, Z., Bshish, A., Ebshish, A., Tasirin, S.M., Alhasan, F. H. (2013). Hydrogen Production by Steam Reforming of Ethanol over Nickel Catalysts Supported on Sol Gel Made Alumina: Influence of Calcination Temperature on Supports. Journal of Materials, 6: 2229-2239
  19. Zhang, X., Liu, J., Jing, Y., Xie, Y. (2003). Support Effects on the Catalytic Behavior of NiO/Al2O3 for Oxidative Dehydrogenation of Ethane to Ethylene. Applied Catalysis A: General, 240: 143-150
  20. Negrier, F., Marceau, E., Che, M., de Caro, D. (2003). Role of Ethylenediamine in the Prepartion of Alumina-Supported Ni Catalysts from [Ni(en)2(H2O)2](NO3)2: From Solution Properties to Nickel Particles. Comptes Resdus Chimie, 6: 231-240
  21. Garcia, G., Vargas, J. R., Valenzuela, M.A., Rebollar, M., Acosta, D. (1999). Palladium Supported on Alumina Catalysts Prepared by MOCVD and Impregnation Method. Materials Research Society, 549: 237
  22. Lederhos, C. R., Badano, J.M., Quiroga, M. E., L’Argentiere, P.C., Coloma-Pascual, F. (2010). Influence of Ni Addition to a Low-Loaded Palladium Catalysts on the Selective Hydrogenation of 1-Heptyne. Quimica Nova, 33(4): 18-28
  23. Uddin, M., Wan Daud, W., Abbas, H. (2014). Co-production of hydrogen and carbon nanofibers from methane decomposition over zeolite Y supported Ni catalysts. Energy Conversion and Management, 90: 218-229
  24. Al-Hassani, A., Abbas, H., Wan Daud, W. (2014). Production of COx-free hydrogen by thermal decomposition of methane over activated carbon: Catalyst deactivation. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 39(27): 14783-14791

Last update:

No citation recorded.

Last update:

No citation recorded.