skip to main content

Transesterification of Waste Cooking Oil using Calcium Loaded on Deoiled Spent Bleaching Clay as A Solid Base Catalyst

1Faculty of Industrial Sciences and Technology, Universiti Malaysia Pahang, Lebuhraya Tun Razak, 26300 Gambang, Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia

2Central Laboratory, Universiti Malaysia Pahang, Lebuhraya Tun Razak, 26300 Gambang, Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia

Received: 21 Jan 2016; Revised: 3 Mar 2016; Accepted: 6 Mar 2016; Published: 20 Aug 2016; Available online: 30 Jun 2016.
Open Access Copyright (c) 2016 by Authors, Published by BCREC Group under http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0.

Citation Format:
Cover Image
Abstract
Waste cooking oil has a high potential as a raw material in biodiesel production due to its abundant availability and cheapest among other feedstock. Hence transesterification reaction is carried out using waste cooking oil in this research. The objective of this study is to synthesize and characterize the catalyst. On the other hand, deoiled spent bleaching clay impregnated with 40% CaO utilized as a catalyst. Optimization was carried out on methanol to oil molar ratio (6:1-24:1), catalyst loading (3-10 wt.%) and reaction duration (2-10 h). The catalyst of deoiled spent bleaching clay doped with 40% CaO was prepared by wet impregnation method and calcined at 500 °C for 4 hours. The catalyst shows high activity under optimum condition of 5 hours of reaction time, 12:1 of methanol to oil molar ratio with 7 wt.% of catalyst. The transesterification yields 84.7% methyl ester. Therefore, this catalyst has potential to be used in the transesterification of waste cooking oil in producing biodiesel due to its high activity.
Fulltext View|Download
Keywords: Biodiesel; Waste cooking oil; Spent bleaching clay; Calcium oxide; Transesterification

Article Metrics:

Article Info
Section: The International Conference on Fluids and Chemical Engineering (FluidsChE 2015)
Language : EN
Statistics:
  1. Xie, W., Li, H. 2006. Alumina-Supported Potassium Iodide As A Heterogeneous Catalyst For Biodiesel Production From Soybean Oil. Journal of Molecular Catalysis A: Chemical. 255 (1-2): 1-9
  2. Mahdavi, V., Monajemi, A. 2014. Optimization Of Operational Conditions For Biodiesel Production From Cottonseed Oil On CaO-MgO/Al2O3 Solid Base Catalysts. Journal of the Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers. 45: 2286-2292
  3. Dias, J.M., Alvim-Ferraz-Maria, C.M., Almeida, M.F., Diaz, J.D.M., Polo, M.S., Rivera-Utrilla, J. 2012. Selection Of Heterogeneous Catalyst For Biodiesel Production from Animal Fat. Fuel. 94: 418-425
  4. Viriya-empikul, N., Krasae, P., Nualpaeng, W., Yoosuk, B., Faungnawakij, K. 2012. Biodiesel Production Over Ca-Based Solid Catalysts Derived From Industrial Wastes. Fuel. 92: 239-244
  5. Pugnet, V., Maury, S., Coupard, V., Dandeu, A., Qouineaud, A.A., Bonneau, J.L. 2010. Stability, Activity And Selectivity Study Of A Zinc Aluminate Heterogeneous Catalyst For The Transesterification Of Vegetable Oil In Batch Reactor. Applied Catalysis A: General. 374: 71-78
  6. Alba-Rubio, A. C., Santamaria-Gonzalez, J., Merida-Robles, J.M., Moreno-Tost, R., Martin-Alonso, D., Jimenez-Lopez, A., Maireles-Torres, P. 2010. Heterogeneous Transesterification Process By Using CaO Supported On Zinc Oxide as A Basic Catalysts. Catalysis Today. 149: 281-287
  7. Albuquerque, M.C.G., Jimenez-Urbistondo, I., Santamaria-Gonzalez, J., Marida-Robles, J.M, Moreno-Tost, R., Rodriguez-Castellon, E., Jimenez-Lopez, A., Azevedo, D.C.S., Cavalcante Jr., C.L., Maireles-Torres, P. 2008. CaO Supported On Mesoporous Silicas As Basic Catalysts For Transesterification Reactions. Applied Catalysis A. General. 334: 35-43
  8. Imaduddin, M., Yoeswono, Wijaya, K., Tahir, I. 2008. Ekstraksi Kalium Dari Abu Tandan Kosong Sawit Sebagai Katalis Pada Reaksi Transesterifikasi Minyak Sawit. Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis. 3 (1-3): 14-20
  9. Mat, R., Ling, O. S., Johari, A., Mohamed, M. 2011. In Situ Biodiesel Production From Residual Oil Recovered From Spent Bleaching Earth. Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis. 6 (1): 53-57
  10. Correia, L.M., Saboya, R.M.A., Campelo, N.D.S., Cecilia, J.A., Rodriguez-Castellon, E., Cavalcante Jr., C.L., Vieira, R.S. 2014. Characterization Of Calcium Oxide Catalysts From Natural Sources And Their Application In The Transesterification Of Sunflower Oil. Bioresource Technology. 151: 207-213
  11. Istadi, I., Pramudono, B., Suherman, S., Priyanto, S. 2010. Potential Of LiNO3/Al2O3 Catalyst For Heterogeneous Transesterification Of Palm Oil To Biodiesel. Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis. 5 (1): 51-56
  12. Georgogianni, K.G., Katsoulidis, A.K., Pomonis, P.J., Manos, G., Kontominas, M.G. 2009. Transesterification Of Rapeseed Oil For The Production Of Biodiesel Using Homogeneous And Heterogeneous Catalysis. Fuel Processing Technology. 90: 1016-1022
  13. Ho, W.W.S., Ng, H.K., Gan, S. 2012. Development And Characterization Of Novel Heterogeneous Palm Oil Mill Boiler Ash-Based Catalysts For Biodiesel Production. Bioresource Technology. 125: 158-164
  14. Madhuvilakku, R., Piraman, S. 2013. Biodiesel Synthesis By TiO2-ZnO Mixed Oxide Nanocatalyst Catalyzed Palm Oil Transesterification Process. Bioresource Technology. 150: 55-59
  15. Samart, C., Chaiya, C., Reubroychareon, P. 2010. Biodiessel Production By Methanolysis Of Soybean Oil Using Calcium Supported On Mesoporous Silica Catalyst. Energy Conversion and Management. 51: 1428-1431
  16. Mat, R., Samsudi, R. A., Mohamed, M., Johari, A. 2012. Solid catalysts and their application in biodiesel production. Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis. 7 (2): 142-149
  17. Istadi, I., Mabruro, U., Kalimantini, B.A., Buchori, L., Anggoro, D.D. (2016). Reusability and Stability Tests of Calcium Oxide Based Catalyst (K2O/CaO-ZnO) for Transesterifica- tion of Soybean Oil to Biodiesel. Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis, 11(1): 34-39. [http://dx.doi.org/10.9767/bcrec.11.1.413.34-39">CrossRef]

Last update: 2021-10-15 11:56:35

No citation recorded.

Last update: 2021-10-15 11:56:35

  1. Comparison of catalytic activities of Ca-based catalysts from waste in biodiesel production

    Bedir Ö.. Energy Sources, Part A: Recovery, Utilization and Environmental Effects, 2021. doi: 10.1080/15567036.2021.1883159
  2. Various adsorbents to improve the filterability of biodiesel

    Abd Malek M.N.F.. Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, 120 , 2020. doi: 10.1016/j.pce.2020.102910