Formulation of SrO-MBCUS Agglomerates for Esterification and Transesterification of High FFA Vegetable Oil

*Prashant Kumar  -  Department of Chemical Engineering, Dr B. R, Ambedkar NIT Jalandhar, Jalandhar, Punjab-144011, India
Anil Kumar Sarma  -  Chemical Conversion Division, Sardar Swaran Singh National Institute of Renewable Energy, Kapurthala, Punjab-144601, India
Ajay Bansal  -  Department of Chemical Engineering, Dr B. R, Ambedkar NIT Jalandhar, Jalandhar, Punjab-144011, India
Mithilesh Kumar Jha  -  Department of Chemical Engineering, Dr B. R, Ambedkar NIT Jalandhar, Jalandhar, Punjab-144011, India
Received: 13 Jun 2016; Published: 20 Aug 2016.
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Musa Balbisiana Colla Underground Stem (MBCUS) catalyst was treated thermally mixing with 5:1 w/w of Strontium Oxide (SrO) and the dynamic sites were reformed. The MBCUS-SrO showed sharper crystalline phases as evidence from XRD and TEM analysis. The composition and morphology were characterized from BET, SEM, EDX thermo-gravimetric analysis (TGA) and XRF analysis. The optimization process for biodiesel production from Jatropha curcas L oil (JCO) having high percentage of free fatty acids was carried out using orthogonal arrays adopting the Taguchi method. The linear equation was obtained from the analysis and subsequent biodiesel production (96% FAME) was taken away from the JCO under optimal reaction conditions. The biodiesel so prepared had identical characteristics to that with MBCUS alone, but at a lower temperature (200˚C) and internal vapour pressure. Metal leaching was much lower while reusability of the catalyst was enhanced. It was also confirmed that the particle size has little impact upon the conversion efficacy, but the basic active sites are more important. Copyright © 2016 BCREC GROUP. All rights reserved

Received: 19th August 2015; Revised: 8th December 2015; Accepted: 1st January 2016

How to Cite: Kumar, P., Sarma, A.K., Bansal, A., Jha, M.K. (2016). Formulation of SrO-MBCUS Agglomerates for Esterification and Transesterification of High FFA Vegetable Oil. Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis, 11 (2): 140-150 (doi:10.9767/bcrec.11.2.540.140-150)


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Keywords: Catalysis; MBCUS-SrO agglomerates; transesterification; active basic sites; biodiesel; Taguchi method

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