Carbon Waste Powder Prepared from Carbon Rod Waste of Zinc-Carbon Batteries for Methyl Orange Adsorption

*Fitria Rahmawati scopus  -  Research Group of Solid State Chemistry & Catalysis, Chemistry Department, Sebelas Maret Univer, Indonesia
Viona Natalia  -  Research Group of Solid State Chemistry & Catalysis, Chemistry Department, Sebelas Maret Univer, Indonesia
Agung T Wijayanta  -  Research Group of Sustainable Thermofluids, Mechanical Engineering, Sebelas Maret University, Indonesia
Siti Rondiyah  -  Research Group of Solid State Chemistry & Catalysis, Chemistry Department, Sebelas Maret Univer, Indonesia
Koji Nakabayashi  -  Department of Advanced Device Materials, Institute for Materials Chemistry and Engineering, Kyushu University, Japan
Jin Miyawaki  -  Department of Advanced Device Materials, Institute for Materials Chemistry and Engineering, Kyushu University, Japan
Received: 17 Jun 2019; Revised: 1 Sep 2019; Accepted: 3 Sep 2019; Published: 1 Apr 2020; Available online: 28 Feb 2020.
Open Access Copyright (c) 2020 Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Citation Format:
Cover Image
Article Info
Section: Original Research Articles
Language: EN
Full Text:
Statistics: 89 84

Abstract

A research on the preparation of Carbon Waste Powder, CWP, was conducted and made from carbon rod waste which was extracted from used zinc-carbon batteries. This research was an effort to overcome environmental problem caused by battery waste by converting into adsorbent for methyl orange (MO) that frequently used by textile industries. The prepared powder was then analyzed to understand its characteristic peaks, crystallinity, and to compare the properties with other carbonaceous forms, i.e. a commercial Carbon Paper (CP), and a commercial meso- carbon micro-beads (MCMB). The analysis found that CWP is dominated by graphitic carbon. An adsorption experiment was then conducted to study their adsorption ability to methyl orange solution. The result found that those three carbonaceous materials have the ability to adsorb methyl orange with different activities. MCMB has the highest adsorption capacity of 0.197 mg.g-1. Meanwhile, CWP and CP show adsorption capacity of 0.066 mg.g-1 and 0.062 mg.g-1, respectively. Methyl orange adsorption on CWP and CP were under second order, which means the adsorption could be four times faster as the MO solution doubled. Moreover, the rate constant of MO adsorption on CWP is 8×10-4 min-1, which was higher than the rate constant of MO adsorption on CP. It confirmed that the CWP can be used as a promising adsorbent for dye waste water. Copyright © 2020 BCREC Group. All rights reserved

 

Keywords
adsorption; carbon rod waste; carbon waste powder; methyl orange

Article Metrics:

  1. Gupta, V.K., Kumar, R., Nayak, A., Saleh, T.A., Barakat, M.A. (2013). Adsorptive removal of dyes from aqueous solution onto carbon nanotubes: A review. Advance Colloid and Interface Science, 193-194, 24–34. doi:10.1016/j.cis.2013.03.003.
  2. Sharma, P., Kaur, H., Sharma, M., Sahore, V. (2011). A review on applicability of naturally available adsorbents for the removal of hazardous dyes from aqueous waste. Environmental Monitoring Assessment, 183, 151–95. doi:10.1007/s10661-011-1914-0.
  3. Zhao, D., Zhang, W., Chen, C., Wang, X. (2013). Adsorption of Methyl Orange Dye Onto Multiwalled Carbon Nanotubes. Procedia Environmental Science, 18, 890–895. doi:10.1016/j.proenv.2013.04.120.
  4. Hassanzadeh-Tabrizi, S.A., Motlagh, M.M., Salahshour, S. (2016). Synthesis of ZnO/CuO nanocomposite immobilized on γ-Al2O3 and application for removal of methyl orange. Applied Surface Science, 384, 237–243. doi:10.1016/j.apsusc.2016.04.165.
  5. Hosseini, S., Khan, M.A., Malekbala, M.R., Cheah, W., Choong, T.S.Y. (2011). Carbon coated monolith, a mesoporous material for the removal of methyl orange from aqueous phase: Adsorption and desorption studies. Chemical Engineering Journal, 171, 1124–1131. doi:10.1016/j.cej.2011.05.010.
  6. Liu, J., Xiong, J., Tian, C., Gao, B., Wang, L., Jia, X. (2018). The degradation of methyl orange and membrane fouling behavior in anaerobic baffled membrane bioreactor. Chemical Engineering Journal, 338, 719–725. doi:10.1016/j.cej.2018.01.052.
  7. Mazumder, N.A., Rano, R. (2018). Synthesis and Characterization of Fly Ash Modified Copper Oxide (FA/CuO) for Photocatalytic Degradation of Methyl Orange Dye. Material Today Proceeding, 5, 2281–2286. doi:10.1016/j.matpr.2017.09.230.
  8. Gautam, R.K., Mudhoo, A., Lofrano, G., Chattopadhyaya, M.C. (2014). Biomass-derived biosorbents for metal ions sequestration: Adsorbent modification and activation methods and adsorbent regeneration. Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering, 2, 239–259. doi:10.1016/j.jece.2013.12.019.
  9. De Gisi, S., Lofrano, G., Grassi, M., Notarnicola, M. (2016). Characteristics and adsorption capacities of low-cost sorbents for wastewater treatment: A review. Sustainable Materials & Technology, 9, 10–40. doi:10.1016/j.susmat.2016.06.002.
  10. Ramakrishna, K.R., Viraraghavan, T. (1997). Dye removal using low cost adsorbents. Water Science Technology, 36, 189–196. doi:10.1016/S0273-1223(97)00387-9.
  11. Gong, R., Ye, J., Dai, W., Yan, X., Hu, J., Hu, X. (2013). Adsorptive removal of methyl orange and methylene blue from aqueous solution with finger-citron-residue-based activated carbon. Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, 52, 14297–14303. doi:10.1021/ie402138w.
  12. Lang, J., Matejka, V. (2013). Graphite / titanium dioxide composite. Nanocon, Brno, Czech Republic, EU: 2013. doi:10.1039/c3bm60192g.
  13. Anonym. (2018). Batteries & Accumulators.
  14. http://ec.europa.eu/environment/waste/batteries/index.htm (accessed April 8, 2018).
  15. Laughlin, R.B. (2008). Environmental Protection Agency - Battery Waste. http://large.stanford.edu/publications/coal/references/epa/.
  16. Rahmawati, F., Yuliati, L., Alaih, I.S., Putri, F.R. (2017). Carbon rod of zinc-carbon primary battery waste as a substrate for CdS and TiO2 photocatalyst layer for visible light driven photocatalytic hydrogen production. Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering, 5, 2251-2258. doi:10.1016/j.jece.2017.04.032.
  17. Rahmawati, F., Prasasti, B.L.W., Mudjijono, M. (2018). Graphene Oxide from Carbon Rod Waste. IOP Conference Series: Material Science and Engineering, 333, 012012. doi:10.1088/1757-899X/333/1/012012.
  18. Rattanapan, S., Srikram, J., Kongsune, P. (2017). Adsorption of Methyl Orange on Coffee grounds Activated Carbon. Energy Procedia, 138, 949–954. doi:10.1016/j.egypro.2017.10.064.
  19. Wang, T., Shen, C., Wang, N., Dai, J., Liu, Z., Fei, Z. (2019). Adsorption of 3-Aminoacetanilide from aqueous solution by chemically modified hyper-crosslinked resins: Adsorption equilibrium, thermodynamics and selectivity. Colloids and Surfaces A Physicochemical and Engineering Aspect, 575, 346–351. doi:10.1016/j.colsurfa.2019.05.029.
  20. Umamaheswari, C., Lakshmanan, A., Nagarajan, N.S. (2018). Green synthesis, characterization and catalytic degradation studies of gold nanoparticles against congo red and methyl orange. Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B Biology, 178, 33–39. doi:10.1016/j.jphotobiol.2017.10.017.
  21. Li, P., Song, Y., Wang, S., Tao, Z., Yu, S., Liu, Y. (2015). Enhanced decolorization of methyl orange using zero-valent copper nanoparticles under assistance of hydrodynamic cavitation. Ultrasonic Sonochemistry, 22, 132–138. doi:10.1016/j.ultsonch.2014.05.025.
  22. Zhai, L., Bai, Z., Zhu, Y., Wang, B., Luo, W. (2018). Fabrication of chitosan microspheres for efficient adsorption of methyl orange. Chinese Journal of Chemical Engineering, 26, 657–666. doi:10.1016/j.cjche.2017.08.015.
  23. Dada, A.O. (2012). Langmuir, Freundlich, Temkin and Dubinin–Radushkevich Isotherms Studies of Equilibrium Sorption of Zn 2+ Unto Phosphoric Acid Modified Rice Husk. IOSR Journal of Applied Chemistry, 3, 38–45. doi:10.9790/5736-0313845.
  24. Mohan, S.V,, Karthikeyan, J. (1997). Removal of lignin and tannin colour from aqueous solution by adsorption onto activated charcoal. Environmental Pollution, 97, 183–187. doi:10.1016/S0269-7491(97)00025-0.
  25. Lapham, D.P., Lapham, J.L. (2019). Gas adsorption on commercial magnesium stearate: The origin of atypical isotherms and BET transform data. Powder Technology, 342, 676–689. doi:10.1016/j.powtec.2018.10.035.
  26. Shen, S., Guishen, L., Pan, T., He, J.Z., Guo, Z. (2011). Selective adsorption of Pt ions from chloride solutions obtained by leaching chlorinated spent automotive catalysts on ion exchange resin Diaion WA21J. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 364, 482–489. doi:10.1016/j.jcis.2011.08.043.