Hydrocracking of Cerbera manghas Oil with Co-Ni/HZSM-5 as Double Promoted Catalyst

DOI: https://doi.org/10.9767/bcrec.12.2.496.167-184
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Submitted: 20-05-2016
Published: 01-08-2017
Section: Original Research Articles
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The effect of various reaction temperature on the hydrocracking of Cerbera manghas oil to produce a paraffin-rich mixture of hydrocarbons with Co-Ni/HZSM-5 as doubled promoted catalyst were studied. The Co-Ni/HZSM-5 catalyst with various metal loading and metal ratio was prepared by incipient wetness impregnation. The catalysts were characterized by XRD, AAS, and N2 adsorption-desorption. Surface area, pore diameter, and pore volume of catalysts decreased with the increasing of metals loading. The hydrocracking process was conducted under hydrogen initial pressure in batch reactor equipped with a mechanical stirrer. The reaction was carried out at a temperature of 300-375 oC for 2 h.  Depending on the experimental condition, the reaction pressure changed between 10 bar and 15 bar.   Several parameters were used to evaluate biofuel produced, including oxygen removal, hydrocarbon composition and gasoline/kerosene/diesel yields. Biofuel was analyzed by Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopic (FTIR) and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). The composition of hydrocarbon compounds in liquid products was similar to the compounds in the gasoil sold in unit of Pertamina Gas Stations, namely pentadecane, hexadecane, heptadecane, octadecane, and nonadecane with different amounts for each biofuel produced at different reaction temperatures. However, isoparaffin compounds were not formed at all operating conditions. Pentadecane (n-C15) and heptadecane (n-C17) were the most abundant composition in gasoil when Co-Ni/HZSM-5 catalyst was used. Cerbera Manghas oil can be recommended as the source of non-edible vegetable oil to produce gasoil as an environmentally friendly transportation fuel. Copyright © 2017 BCREC Group. All rights reserved

Received: 20th May 2016; Revised: 30th January 2017; Accepted: 10th February 2017

How to Cite: Marlinda, L., Al-Muttaqii, M., Gunardi, I., Roesyadi, A., Prajitno, D.H. (2017). Hydrocracking of Cerbera manghas Oil with Co-Ni/HZSM-5 as Double Promoted Catalyst. Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis, 12 (2): 167-184 (doi:10.9767/bcrec.12.2.496.167-184)

Permalink/DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.9767/bcrec.12.2.496.167-184

Keywords

Biofuel; Cerbera manghas oil; Co-Ni/HZSM-5 catalyst; Hydrocracking

  1. Lenny Marlinda 
    Chemical Reaction Engineering Laboratory, Department of Chemical Engineering, Sepuluh Nopember Institute of Technology, Sukolilo, Surabaya, 60111, Indonesia
    Chemical Engineering
  2. Muhammad Al-Muttaqii 
    Chemical Reaction Engineering Laboratory, Department of Chemical Engineering, Sepuluh Nopember Institute of Technology, Sukolilo, Surabaya, 60111, Indonesia
    Chemical Engineering
  3. Ignatius Gunardi 
    Chemical Reaction Engineering Laboratory, Department of Chemical Engineering, Sepuluh Nopember Institute of Technology, Sukolilo, Surabaya, 60111, Indonesia
    Chemical Engineering
  4. Achmad Roesyadi 
    Chemical Reaction Engineering Laboratory, Department of Chemical Engineering, Sepuluh Nopember Institute of Technology, Sukolilo, Surabaya, 60111, Indonesia
    Chemical Engineering
  5. Danawati Hari Prajitno 
    Chemical Reaction Engineering Laboratory, Department of Chemical Engineering, Sepuluh Nopember Institute of Technology, Sukolilo, Surabaya, 60111, Indonesia
    Chemical Engineering
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