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Electrosynthesized Ni-Al Layered Double Hydroxide-Pt Nanoparticles as an Inorganic Nanocomposite and Potentate Anodic Material for Methanol Electrooxidation in Alkaline Media

Electroanalytical Chemistry Laboratory, Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Sciences, Azarbaijan Shahid Madani University, Tabriz, Iran, Islamic Republic of

Received: 30 Mar 2016; Revised: 29 Jul 2016; Accepted: 9 Sep 2016; Available online: 13 Feb 2017; Published: 30 Apr 2017.
Editor(s): Andri Kumoro
Open Access Copyright (c) 2017 by Authors, Published by BCREC Group under http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0.

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Abstract

In this study, Ni-Al layered double hydroxide (LDH)-Pt nanoparticles (PtNPs) as an inorganic nano-composite was electrosynthesized on the glassy carbon electrode (GCE) by a facile and fast two-step electrochemical process. Structure and physicochemical properties of PtNPs/Ni-Al LDH/GCE were characterized by X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, energy dispersive X-ray spectrometry and electrochemical methods. Then, electrocatalytic and stability characterizations of the PtNPs/Ni-Al LDH/GCE for methanol oxidation in alkaline media were investigated in detail by cyclic voltammetry, chronoamperometry, and chronopotentiometry measurements. PtNPs/Ni-Al LDH/GCE exhibited higher electrocatalytic activity than PtNPs/GCE and Ni-Al LDH/GCE. Also, the resulted chronoam-perograms indicated that the PtNPs/Ni-Al LDH/GCE has a better stability. 

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Keywords: Ni-Al layered double hydroxide; Pt nanoparticles; inorganic nanocomposite; electro deposition; electro oxidation; methanol; fuel cell

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