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Kinetic and Thermodynamics of Methylene Blue Adsorption onto Zero Valent Iron Supported on Mesoporous Silica

1Faculty of Industrial Sciences and Technology, Universiti Malaysia Pahang, Lebuhraya Tun Razak 26300 Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia

2Universiti Kuala Lumpur, Malaysian Institute of Chemical and Bioengineering Technology, Vendor City 1988, 78000 Alor Gajah, Melaka, Malaysia

3Key Laboratory for Catalysis and Materials Science of the State Ethnic Affairs Commissions & Ministry of Education, South Central University for Nationalties, Wuhan 430074, China

4 Faculty of Technology Management And Technopreneurship, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia

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Received: 5 Mar 2016; Revised: 18 Mar 2016; Accepted: 18 Mar 2016; Available online: 30 Jun 2016; Published: 20 Aug 2016.
Editor(s): Istadi Istadi
Open Access Copyright (c) 2016 by Authors, Published by BCREC Group under

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Zero valent iron supported on mesoporous silicanano particles (NZVI/MSNs) was prepared by the aqueous phase borohydride reduction methods. Prior to the reduction, mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) were prepared through the activation of fumed silica with concentrated HCl by refluxing at 90 °C. FTIR, XRD, FESEM, EDX and BET were used to characterize theadsorbents prepared. BET surface areas of MSNs, NZVI, and NZVI/MSNs were 126, 41, and 72 m2/g for, respectively. The performance of NZVI/MSNs as adsorbent was examined by adsorption of methylene blue (MB), performed in series of batch experiments. In the kinetic studies, pseudo first order and pseudo second order kinetic models were examined. The pseudo second order equation provided the best fit with the experimental data. Thermodynamic studies indicated that the adsorption process is endothermic with ΔH° was 90.53 kJ/mol. Positive ΔS° (300 J/mol) and negative ΔG° (-6.42 kJ/mol) was recorded, indicating the spontaneous of the adsorption process and naturally favorable. 

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Keywords: Zero valent iron; Adsorption kinetics, Adsorption Thermodynamics; Methylene blue; Mesoporous silica

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