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Selective Conversion of 2-Methylfuran to 1,4-Pentanediol Catalyzed by Bimetallic Ni-Sn Alloy

1Department of Chemistry, Lambung Mangkurat University, Jl. A. Yani Km 36 Banjarbaru, Indonesia

2Department of Physics, Lambung Mangkurat University, Jl. A. Yani Km 36 Banjarbaru, Indonesia

3Department of Agro-industrial Engineering, Faculty of Agriculture, Lambung Mangkurat University, Jl. A. Yani Km 36.0 Banjarbaru South Kalimantan, Indonesia

4 Department of Pharmacy, Lambung Mangkurat University, Jl. A. Yani Km 36 Banjarbaru, Indonesia

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Received: 12 Feb 2019; Revised: 26 Apr 2019; Accepted: 29 Apr 2019; Available online: 30 Sep 2019; Published: 1 Dec 2019.
Editor(s): Istadi Istadi
Open Access Copyright (c) 2019 by Authors, Published by BCREC Group under

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The selective conversion of 2-methylfuran (2-MeF) to 1,4-pentanediol (1,4-PeD) over bimetallic nickel-tin alloy catalysts in the ethanol/H2O solvent mixture was studied. By using bulk Ni-Sn(x); x = 3.0 and 1.5 catalysts, a maximum yield of 1,4-PeD (49%) was obtained at 94% conversion of 2-MeF. The dispersion of Ni-Sn(x) on the aluminium hydroxide (AlOH) or g-Al2O3 supports allowed to an outstanding yield of 1,4-PeD (up to 64%) at 433 K, 3.0 MPa of H2 within 12 h. Ni-Sn(3.0)/AlOH catalyst was found to be reusable and the treatment of the recovered Ni-Sn(3.0)/AlOH catalyst with H2 at 673 K for 1 h restored the catalyst’s original activity and selectivity. 

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Keywords: Ni-Sn alloy catalysts; selective conversion; 2-methylfuran; 1,4-pentanediol; 2-methyltetrahydrofuran
Funding: JSPS-DGHE through Joint Bilateral Research Project ; Ministry of Research, Technology, and Higher Education Republic of Indonesia

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