Optimization of Monoglycerides Production Using KF/CaO-MgO Heterogeneous Catalysis

Luqman Buchori -  Department of Chemical Engineering, Diponegoro University, Indonesia
*Didi Dwi Anggoro -  Department of Chemical Engineering, Diponegoro University, Indonesia
Indro Sumantri -  Department of Chemical Engineering, Diponegoro University, Indonesia
Riko Rikardo Putra -  Department of Chemical Engineering, Diponegoro University, Indonesia
Received: 25 Jan 2019; Revised: 28 May 2019; Accepted: 29 May 2019; Published: 1 Dec 2019; Available online: 1 Jul 2019.
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Section: The 3rd International Conference on Chemical and Material Engineering 2018 (ICCME 2018)
Language: EN
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Abstract

The production of monoglyceride or monoacylglycerol (MAG) from triglycerides and glycerol has been studied. The purpose of this research was to study the effect of using KF/CaO-MgO catalyst on MAG production with batch reactor. The effect of temperature, reaction time, and amount of catalyst was investigated using the response surface methods (RSM). The temperature was varied at 200-220 oC, the reaction time varied at 2-4 hours, and the amount of catalyst varied at 0.1-0.3 % w/w. Data was processing using the STATISTICA 12 program. The results of monoglyceride optimization showed that the optimum conditions were X1 = 0.19 % (w/w), X2 = 208.37 oC and X3 = 3.20 hours. The monoglycerides obtained was 41.58%.

Keywords
KF/Ca-MgO Catalyst; Monoglyceride; Optimization; Response Surface Method

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