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Electro-oxidation of Ethanol on Carbon Supported PtSn and PtSnNi Catalysts

1Department of Chemical Engineering, Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta, Jl. A. Yani Tromol Pos 1 Pabelan Kartasura, Surakarta, Indonesia

2School of Chemical Engineering and Advanced Materials, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, NE1 7RU, United Kingdom

Received: 10 Nov 2015; Revised: 1 Feb 2016; Accepted: 1 Feb 2016; Published: 1 Apr 2016; Available online: 10 Mar 2016.
Open Access Copyright (c) 2016 by Authors, Published by BCREC Group under http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0.

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Abstract

Even though platinum is known as an active electro-catalyst for ethanol oxidation at low temperatures (< 100 oC), choosing the electrode material for ethanol electro-oxidation is a crucial issue. It is due to its property which easily poisoned by a strong adsorbed species such as CO. PtSn-based electro-catalysts have been identified as better catalysts for ethanol electro-oxidation. The third material is supposed to improved binary catalysts performance. This work presents a study of the ethanol electro-oxidation on carbon supported Pt-Sn and Pt-Sn-Ni catalysts. These catalysts were prepared by alcohol reduction. Nano-particles with diameters between 2.5-5.0 nm were obtained. The peak of (220) crystalline face centred cubic (fcc) Pt phase for PtSn and PtSnNi alloys was repositioned due to the presence of Sn and/or Ni in the alloy. Furthermore, the modification of Pt with Sn and SnNi improved ethanol and CO electro-oxidation. 

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Keywords: electro-oxidation; electro-catalyst; PtSnNi Catalyst; PtSn Catalyst; bifunctional mechanism

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Section: The 2nd International Conference on Chemical and Material Engineering 2015
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