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bcl Morphology Formation Strategy on Nanostructured Titania via Alkaline Hydrothermal Treatment

1Division of Inorganic and Physical Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Jl. Ganesha No. 10, Bandung 40132, Indonesia

2Research Center for Nanosciences and Nanotechnology, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Jl. Ganesha No 10, Bandung 40132, Indonesia

3Department of Chemistry, Universitas Timor, Jl. Eltari, Kefamenanu 85613, Indonesia

Received: 7 Dec 2018; Revised: 27 Mar 2019; Accepted: 10 Apr 2019; Published: 1 Dec 2019; Available online: 30 Sep 2019.
Open Access Copyright (c) 2019 by Authors, Published by BCREC Group under http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0.

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Abstract

Titanium dioxide (TiO2) is a semiconductor material that plays an important role in photocatalysis. Bicontinuous concentric lamellar (bcl) is an interesting morphology with an open channel pore structure that has been successfully synthesized on silica-based materials. If bcl morphology can be applied in TiO2 system, then many surface properties of TiO2 can be enhanced, i.e. photocatalytic activity. A simple and effective strategy has been demonstrated to transform aggregated and spherical TiO2 particles to bcl morphology via alkaline hydrothermal route. Alkaline hydrothermal treatment successfully transforms TiO2 particle surface to have bcl morphology through swelling with ammonia then followed by phase segregation process. We proposed this strategy as a general pathway to transform the particle surface with any shape to have bcl morphology. 

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Keywords: Alkaline hydrothermal treatment; bcl morphology; lamellar morphology; modified morphology, nanostructured TiO2
Funding: ITB Research Grant 2018

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Section: Original Research Articles
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